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    Temple of Justice

    International Court of Justice

    Is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Its seat is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). It began work in 1946, when it replaced the Permanent Court of International Justice which had functioned in the Peace Palace since 1922. It operates under a Statute largely similar to that of its predecessor, which is an integral part of the Charter of the United Nations.

    The Court of Cassation

    The Court of Cassation is the highest court in the French judiciary. It was preceded by the Court of Cassation, set up by the Constituent Assembly in 1790 during the French Revolution.

    Supreme Court of the United States

    The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court in the United States. It has ultimate /discretionary appellate jurisdiction over all federal courts and over state court cases involving issues of federal law, and original jurisdiction over a small range of cases.

    The Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt

    The Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt was established in 1979. also known as SCC is alone responsible for censoring the constitutionality of the laws and regulations and it assumes interpreting legislative texts. The SCC has the right to cancel the laws that are contrary to the provisions and articles of the Egyptian Constitution.

    Supreme Court of Appeal South Africa

    The Supreme Court of Appeal is based in Bloemfontein, which is the Judicial Capital of South Africa. It is the highest court which has the final say on all matters, except those that involve the constitution.

    Supreme Court of Bangladesh

    Supreme Court of Bangladesh: The territorial area of Bangladesh originally being a part and parcel of the then Indian Sub-continent, the history of its legal system may be traced back from the year of 1726,when King George-I issued a Charter changing the judicial administration of the Presidency towns of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras, through which the Civil and Criminal Courts, as established, started deriving their authority from the King.

    The Supreme Court of Canada

    The Supreme Court of Canada came into existence more than a century after the first courts appeared in what is now Canada. Its role has evolved considerably since its creation in 1875, as it stands today as the final court of appeal in the Canadian judicial system, a status that it did not originally have.

    Supreme Court of England

    The Supreme Court of England: was established to achieve a complete separation between the United Kingdom’s senior Judges and the Upper House of Parliament, emphasising the independence of the Law Lords and increasing the transparency between Parliament and the courts.

    Supreme Court of Sri Lanka

    The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka was created in 1972 after the adoption of a new Constitution. The Supreme Court is the highest and final superior court of record and is empowered to exercise its powers, subject to the provisions of the Constitution.

    The Supreme People's Court

    The Supreme People's Court (SPC) is the highest judicial organ in China and is responsible to the NPC and its Standing Committee.

    High Courts in India

    Listed below are 21 High Courts and their Benches in India. It provides a single point access to information related to all the High Court in India. This section provides information on High Courts providing Litigant centric dynamic information like Judgments, Causelists, Case-status, etc. as well as static Information such as History, Jurisdiction, Rules, Past and present judges, etc.

    Delhi High Court

    Was established on 31st October, 1966. Initially, the High Court of Judicature at Lahore, which was established by a Letters Patent dated 21st March, 1919, exercised jurisdiction over the then provinces of the Punjab and Delhi.

    Bombay High Court

    Was inaugurated on 14 August 1862. Although the name of the city was changed from Bombay to Mumbai in 1995, the Court as an institution did not follow suit and remained as the Bombay High Court. The High Court of Bombay, which is the chartered High Court and one of the oldest High Courts in the Country. It has Appellate Jurisdiction over the State of Maharashtra, Goa, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli. In addition to the Principal Seat at Bombay, it has benches at Aurangabad, Nagpur, Panaji (Goa).

    Andhra Pradesh High Court

    Is the High Court was set up on 5 July 1954 under the Andhra State Act, 1953. Situated in Hyderabad and has a sanctioned judge strength of 39.

    Gauhati High Court

    Was established on 1 March 1948 after the Government of India Act 1935 was passed. It was originally known as the High Court of Assam and Nagaland, but renamed as Gauhati High Court in 1971 by the North East Areas (Reorganization) Act, 1971.

    High Court of Rajasthan

    Was founded in 1949 at Jodhpur, and was inaugurated by the Rajpramukh, Maharaja Sawai Man Singh on 29 August 1949. The first Chief Justice was Kamala Kant Verma. A bench was formed at Jaipur which was dissolved in 1958 and was again formed on 31 January 1977. Currently the sanctioned strength of the judges is 40 and actual strength is 22.

    Patna High Court

    Was established on 3 February 1916 and later affiliated under the Government of India Act, 1915. The court is headquartered in Patna, the administrative capital of the state. Proclamation made by the Governor-General of India on the 22nd March, 1912 the territories of Bihar and Orissa which were formerly subject to and included within the limits of the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal, were promoted to the status of a separate province, and by Letters Patent, dated the 9th February, 1916 the Patna High Court was ushered into existence with Circuit sittings at Cuttack, and form the 26th February, 1916, the date on which the aforesaid Letters Patent was published in the Gazette of India, the High Court of Judicature at Fort William in Bengal ceased to exercise jurisdiction, Civil, Criminal, Admiralty, Matrimonial, Testamentary and Intestate, Enrolment, etc. in all matters in which jurisdiction was given to the High Court of Judicature at Patna.

    Jharkhand High Court

    Was established in 2000 under the Bihar Reorganization Act, 2000, after the state of Jharkhand was carved out of the state of Bihar. The court has jurisdiction over Jharkhand state.

    Madhya Pradesh High Court

    Was established as the Nagpur High Court on 2 January 1936 under the Government of India Act 1935. The Court was established in Nagpur, but after the reorganization of states on 1 November 1956, it was moved to Jabalpur. The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 42.

    Gujarat High Court

    Was established on 1 May 1960 under the Bombay Re-organisation Act, 1960 after the state split from Bombay State.

    High Court of Jammu and Kashmir

    Was established on the basis of the Order No. 1 issued by the Maharaja on 26 March 1928. The Maharaja appointed Lala Kanwar Sain as the first Chief Justice and Rai Bahadur Lala Bodh Raj Sawhney and Khan Sahib Aga Syed Hussain as Puisne Judges. The seats of the High Court were at Jammu and Srinagar. On 10 September 1943, letters patent were conferred on the High Court by the Maharaja.

    Himachal Pradesh High Court

    Precisely, the former Princely States had different systems of Administration and set of laws and in most of the Princely States, the administration was run on the whims of the Rulers or Wazirs and their words were considered to be the law.

    Uttarakhand High Court

    Uttarakhand state was carved out from erstwhile State of Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000 under the Uttar Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2000. At the time of the creation of the State, the High Court of Uttarakhand was also established on the same day at Nainital.

    Calcutta High Court:

    Formerly known as the High Court of Judicature at Fort William, was brought into existence by the Letters Patent dated 14th May, 1862, issued under the High Court's Act, 1861, which provided that the jurisdiction and powers of the High Court were to be defined by Letters Patent.

    High Court of Madras:

    One of the three High Courts in India established at the Presidency Towns by Letters Patent granted by Her Majesty Queen Victoria, bearing date 26th June 1862, is the highest Court in the State of Tamil Nadu, exercising Original Jurisdiction over the City of Madras and Appellate Jurisdiction over the entire State as well as extra-ordinary Original Jurisdiction, Civil and Criminal, under the Letters Patent and Special Original Jurisdiction for the issue of writs under the Constitution of India.

    Karnataka High Court:

    History can be traced back to the year 1884 when the Chief Court of Mysore was created with three judges and was designated as the highest court of appeal, reference and revision in the State of Mysore, the earlier name of Karnataka. The court had District Courts, Sub-ordinate Judges' Courts and Munsiff Courts to assist it on civil cases and a Court of Sessions, District Magistrate and First, Second and Third Class Magistrates to assist it on criminal cases. In 1881, the office of the Chief Judge was created and the designated person had the utmost authority in the court. In 1930, it was renamed as the High Court of Mysore and the Chief Judge was given the new name of Chief Justice. In 1973, it got its present name of Karnataka High Court.

    High Court of Kerala:

    Is the highest court in the Indian state of Kerala and in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep. The High Court of Kerala is headquartered at Kochi. Drawing its powers under Article 226 of the Constitution of India, the High Court has the power to issue directions, orders and writs including the writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari for ensuring the enforcement of the Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution to citizens or for other specified purposes.

    Allahabad High Court:

    Was originally founded as the High Court of Judicature for the North-Western Provinces at Agra on 17 March 1866 by the Indian High Courts Act of 1861 replacing the old Sadr Diwani Adalat. Sir Walter Morgan, Barrister-at-Law and Mr. Simpson were appointed the first Chief Justice and the first Registrar respectively of the High Court of North-Western Provinces.

    Punjab and Haryana High Court:

    Is situated at Chandigarh, the capital of the States of Punjab and Haryana. The sanctioned strenghth of this High Court is 68 judges consisting of Chief Justice, 36 Permanent Judges and 31 Additional Judges. As on 9th July 2012, there are 41 Judges (including the Acting Chief Justice) working at High Court. There are 46 judges on the strength of the High Court.

    Chhattisgarh High Court:

    Was established on 1 November 2000 after the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2000 was passed. It has jurisdiction over the state of Chhattisgarh. The High Court of Bilaspur is the 19th High Court of India.

    High Court of Sikkim:

    Sikkim became the 22nd State of India. Under Clause (i) of Article 371F, the High Court functioning immediately prior to the date of merger became the High Court for the State of Sikkim under the Constitution like any other High Court in the country.

    Orissa High Court:

    Government of India issued the Orissa High Court Order, 1948, under the Section 229(1) of the Government of India Act, 1935, on April 30, 1948. This order clearly stated that "from the 5th day of July, 1948, there shall be a Court for the Province of Orissa, which shall be a Court of Record". Finally, on July 26, 1948, Orissa High Court was formally inaugurated

    File Mutual Divorce in Delhi - Ph no: 9650499965

    Tribunals and District Courts in India:

    1. National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC)

    2. The Court of District and Sessions Judge Shillong

    3. Railway Claims Tribunal

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