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  • The Legal Profession in India

    India has the worlds second largest legal profession with more than 600,000 lawyers . The predominant service providers are individual lawyers, small or family based firms . Most of the firms are involved in the issues of domestic law and majority work under country's adversarial litigation system.Legal Profession

    The conception of legal services as a 'noble profession' rather than services resulted in formulation of stringent and restrictive regulatory machinery. These regulations have been justified on the grounds of public policy and 'dignity of profession'.

    The judiciary has reinforced these principles, which can be reflected in words of Justice Krishna Iyer, when he noted, Law is not a trade, not briefs, not merchandise, and so the heaven of commercial competition should not vulgarize the legal profession. However over the years courts have recognized 'Legal Service' as a 'service' rendered to the consumers and have held that lawyers are accountable to the clients in the cases of deficiency of services. In the case of Srinath V. Union of India (AIR 1996 Mad 427) Madras High Court held that, in view of Sec. 3 of Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

    Consumer redressal forums have jurisdiction to deal with claims against advocates. Sec. 2 (U) of competition Act, 2002 defines the term 'Service' along the lines of consumer protection Act, 1986. Thus it may be concluded that legal services are becoming subject of trade related laws where consumerism and market forces should be given adequate space .

    About Legal Profession
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    Law Justice and Common Man: The Research paper aims at analyzing the vitality and consequences of Rule of Law and Justice

    Indian judicial process & its accountability: The first question which often comes in one mind after analyzing the topic is what do you

    Wilt Chamberlain Argument of Nozick: Nozick was a Harvard philosopher He was conservative, some would say libertarian, in his insistence on the bare minimum amount of government needed

    Expert Opinion: Article is About sec 45 of Indian evidence act and what is the need for expert evidence in certain specific fields

    Role of Legal Services Authority in Contemporary Scenario: Every man is born free in the world He inherits few rights naturally

    Power of Indian courts to issue Garnishee Order: The word ‘Garnish’ is derived from an old French word ‘garnir’ which means to warn

    Limits Of Judicial Review: Judicial review means the reconsideration of a degree or sentence

    Role Of Advocates In Implementation of Legal Aid Schemes: The preamble of the Constitution of India assures justice, social economic and political

    Supreme Court is the final Pedestal for justice: the supreme is the final and the highest authority for which a person ca go for appeal into

    Legal Education To Meet Challenges Of Globalization: The last century of the last millennium was one of the worst in recorded history for war

    Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers: Adopted by the Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, Cuba, 27 August to 7 September 1990

    Right To Speedy Trial: The constitutional guarantee of speedy trial is an important safeguard to prevent undue and oppressive

    Ex Post Facto Laws and Indian Legal Scenario: An ex post facto law (from the Latin for from something done afterward”) or retroactive law

    Changing Face Of The Legal Profession In India In The Era Of Globalization: Globalization must not be viewed from the restrictive sense as it connotes the process of making global

    Violation of UDHR in Criminal Justice System
    Man is the most accomplished of all creatures of our universe He is so immeasurably admirable in his faculties of thought, action and reason that Shakespeare declares him

    Sustainable Development and Indian Judiciary
    The concept of 'Sustainable Development' is not a new concept The doctrine had come to be known as early as in 1972 in the Stockholm declaration

    Do the Judges make or declare law with reference to Hart & Dworkin’s Principle in Indian legal System: the rule-making authority must exercise discretion, and there is no possibility of treating the question raised by the various cases as if there were one uniquely correct answer to be found, as

    Supreme Court On Contempt By Advocates: The foundation of the Judiciary is the trust and confidence of the people in its ability to deliver fearless and impartial justice

    Judge's burden in Trial at Indian Courts: Indian Civil Procedural Laws and Evidence Laws need to be changed Indian procedural laws are more like civil legal system and requirement of

    Judgment v Decree: historically, there was the distinction between judgment and decree Common Law adheres to the judgment while the Equity Court of Law deals with the decree

    Problem Of Hostile Witnesses: Given the importance of witnesses in the trial process, any law, aimed at redressing the problem of "hostile witness", should be comprehensive

    Amicus Curiae: An Amicus curiae is a friend of the court and are generally those persons who represent the unbiased will and opinion of the society

    Examination in chief: It's been said, "A good lawyer turns evidence into fact and fact into truth" Because they bear the burden of proving the case beyond a reasonable doubt

    Advocates liability for negligence in criminal cases: Professional liability for negligence is a cryptic branch of the law relating to negligence It exists on a fundamentally different plane

    Appeals: The expression appeal has not been defined in the Code of Civil Procedure 1908

    Conflict between Interest and Duties of a Lawyer : A lawyer should not appear before any authority of which he is a member in a case against it

    Contempt of Court: The Article deals with the Concept of the Contempt of Court from a lay-mans perspective

    Judiciary’s Rights Beyond Information: According to our country’s constitutional scheme, the executive; legislature

    Independence of Judiciary: The Constitution has tried to insulate the Judiciary from outside influence both from the Executive and

    Justice Delayed is Justice Denied: A sense of confidence in the courts is essential to maintain the fabric

    Is Illegality an obsolete concept in International Law: To go to war for an idea, if the war is aggressive, not defensive, is

    Trial By Media: Sheds light on the negative as well as the positive aspect of the trial

    Selecting Judge: Hurculean Task: The method by which judges are selected has become a matter of considerable concern for the citizens of our state.


    facts admitted by the party need not be proved: This section conveys the principle that what is admitted need not be proved The court has to try the questions on which

    Jurisdiction of civil court: The Jurisdiction of Civil Court may be regulated by the competent legislature, but there are certain exceptions to this principle

    Indian Judiciary on environment vs Development conflict: In recent times the conflict between environment and development has become quite intense and the judiciary in India

    HLA Hart’s Theory of Law: Jurisprudence is a name given to a certain type of investigation into law, an investigation of an abstract, general and theoretical nature which

    Judiciary system in India: The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of the land as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India According to the Constitution of India

    Salem Advocates Bar Association v Union of India: The present case Salem Advocate Bar Association v Union of India

    Breach Of Confidentiality & Various Legal Issues: Confidentiality has been defined as the "ensuring that information is

    Judicial Accountability & Separation Of Power: Judiciary Unlimited - an unelected judiciary which is not accountable to anyone except its own temperament has taken over

    Justice Without Power Is Inefficient: The concept of justice underlines the basic values that are to be attained by a system of law It is a virtue by which it is ensured that each person

    Balance of Power in International Relations: International Relations an equilibrium of power sufficient to discourage or present one nation or prevent one nation from imposing its will on

    Democracy of Judicial Remedies: THE DAWN of the modern era of human rights culture was signaled by the Proclamation by the General Assembly of the United Nations of the

    Law & Morality- Moore's Concept: Morality has become a complicated issue in the multi-cultural world we live in today Timeless wisdom explains that there cannot be a complete law

    Summary Court Marital And The Indian Judiciary: The Indian Army is still following the system of military justice it inherited from the British though the law in the UK has changed to

    Legal System: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 10 Dec, 1948, has been proclaimed as a common standard of achievement

    Nemo in propria causa judex, esse debet: Nemo in propria causa judex , esse debet, ie; no one should be made a judge in his own cause It is popularly known as the rule against

    Information Retrieval and its Legal Impact on the Society: Lawyers both practitioners and academics can all be thought of as wordsmiths, or rather less kindly as wordmongers

    Why Do Prosecution Witnesses Turn Hostile: The most controversial and dilemmatic situation in a judicial process arises when the prosecution witness turn hostile and thus result in the acquittal of

    Res Gestae: is an exception to the rule against Hearsay evidence Res gestae is based on the belief that because certain statements are made naturally, spontaneously and without deliberation’

    Should Judge be a Hermit: A person who has withdrawn from society and lives a solitary existence; a recluse is the most simple inference that can be drawn Hermit is someone who doesn’t look for answers

    International Criminal Court and Universal jurisdiction: Background of the emergence and jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court, assesses its significance, analyses why some governments

    Foreign Law Firms In India: The Indian legal profession has, in recent years, undergone a significant change, emerging as highly competitive and ready to move along with the ongoing

    You're Lordship: Control Your Emotions: Mr Kode, Judge of Special Court, convicted four of the eight members of the Menon family in 1993 Mumbai blasts, while doing so Mr Kode failed to

    The Rules To Be Followed By A Court In Applying Appropriate Law In Cases Having A Foreign Party: Private International Law or Conflict of Laws is that branch of law, private in some states, public in others, regulating all lawsuits involving a foreign law

    Concept Of Social Justice And The Poor: The term social justice was first used in 1840 by a Sicilian priest, Luigi Taparelli d'Azeglio, and given prominence by Antonio

    Justice Delayed- Justice Denied: Notion as theory of law can be defined as a study based on presupposes or ideal which a men seek for its realization through law, called as Theory of Justice

    Theories Of Punishment-A Socio-Legal View: Each society has its own way of social control for which it frames certain laws and also mentions the sanctions with them

    Iranian Legal System: Iranian legal system, before the Islamic Revolution and also after it, the Constitution and ordinary laws have explicitly emphasized the observance of the

    Crimes and Punishments In Iranian Legal System: The legality principle protects individual security by ensuring basic individual liberties against the arbitrary and unwarranted

    Tape Recorded Conversation: The phenomenon of tendering tape recorded conversation before law courts

    Secular Courts in the State of Israel: The deplorable state of Torah justice in the State of Israel is one of the most painful problems for religious Jews today.

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