Md. Imran Wahab

Md. Imran Wahab

Member since: July 17, 2023
Total live articles: 553

Md. Imran Wahab, a distinguished 2004-batch Indian Police Service officer, has dedicated over 32 years to public service, holding various senior managerial positions within the West Bengal Police force. His career has spanned diverse roles across different districts, including Kolkata Police, serving as DCP, 5th Battalion, Kolkata Armed Police and DCP (Port Division), Kolkata for approximately 4 years. He served in Barrackpore Police Commissionerate, holding the positions of DCP (Special Branch) and DCP (Traffic) for over 4 years. His tenure as Special IG and subsequently as IGP of Correctional Services, West Bengal, for over 4 years, saw him deeply engaged in improving the prison and correctional system. He visited numerous correctional homes across West Bengal, interacting with inmates, both male and female, including children residing with their incarcerated mothers. His outreach extended to correctional homes in Assam, Bihar, and Tripura. This hands-on approach provided him with invaluable insights into the workings of prisons and psychology of prisoners. Beyond his operational roles, Md. Imran Wahab possesses a strong academic background, holding B.Sc., M.A., L.L.B., and M.B.A. degrees. He has also completed Post Graduate Diplomas in Human Rights and Project Management. He has attended Indian government sponsored specialized training in police and management matters in SVPNPA, Hyderabad, IIM, Ahmedabad and in Singapore. He is the author of the book 'Police Investigation & Allied Matters,' demonstrating his commitment to knowledge sharing within the law enforcement field. As an observer for the Election Commission of India, he has gained firsthand experience in conducting assembly elections and bye-elections in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Assam, Bihar, and Tripura (twice). This exposure has given him a deep understanding of election management. He has authored over 500 articles on diverse topics.

Recent Articles by Md. Imran Wahab

Plea Bargaining under BNSS (Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 2023)

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Plea bargaining is a legal process where an accused individual in a criminal case consent to plead guilty to a lesser charge or accepts a reduced sentence in return for certain concessions from...

Analyzing Malicious Prosecution

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Malicious prosecution, arising from initiating legal action without probable cause and malicious intent, involves the wrongful abuse of legal processes. This grave accusation signifies the infl...

Understanding Common Cybersecurity Terms

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Malware: This refers to malicious software designed to cause harm to your computer systems or data. It can range from disrupting your system's functionality to stealing sensitive information. ...

Understanding Mobile Forensics Terminology

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Mobile forensics involves a range of techniques and concepts used to extract and analyze data from mobile devices. Here's a breakdown of key terms: Device Identification: IMEI (I...

Recording Statement of Witnesses During Investigation of Cases Under Sections...

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Under Section 180 (1) BNSS (Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita), during an investigation of a case, any police officer or, upon their request, any police officer of a rank specified by the Stat...

Use of Canary Tokens as Cybersecurity Tool

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Canary tokens, named after the 'canary in a coal mine' which warned miners of dangerous gases, are cybersecurity tools designed to detect unauthorized access or breaches. They function as tripw...

Grant and Cancellation of Bail in Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 2023 (B...

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Bail provisions are contained in Sections 478 to 496 in the BNSS, 2023. In CrPC, these were enshrined in Sections 436 to 450 CrPC. Bail, Bail Bond and Bond have been defined in the BNSS:In S...

Analysing Anticipatory Bail under the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 202...

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Anticipatory bail is a legal recourse sought before an arrest, primarily acting as a pre-arrest bail. Individuals often apply for this when they fear an imminent arrest based on false or fabric...

Default Bail under Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), 2023

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According to Section 187 (3) of the BNSS, a Magistrate cannot detain an accused in custody under this provision for a total period exceeding: Ninety days for offenses punishable by death, lif...

Release of Prisoners from Jail under the Provisions of Bharatiya Nagarik Sura...

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According to Section 2(1)(b) of the BNSS, 'bail' refers to the release of an individual accused or suspected of committing an offense from legal custody. This release is conditional upon the in...

Understanding Space Laws at International and National Level

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Space law governs activities in outer space through a collection of international treaties, national laws, regulations, and established practices. Space law is a specialized legal domain given ...

Non-Statutory Double Patenting: Understanding US and Indian Laws

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Non-statutory double patenting is a crucial aspect of U.S. patent law, designed to prevent the undue extension of patent terms. This doctrine tackles the issue of multiple patents being granted...

Witness Protection Scheme under Section 398 of the BNSS

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The Witness Protection Program (WITSEC), formally known as the United States Federal Witness Security Program, is a program initiated under Title V of the Organized Crime Control Act of 1970. A...

Analysing Mob Lynching in Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita and Other Challenges

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Mob lynching in India has emerged as a deeply troubling social issue, characterized by brutal acts of violence where individuals are targeted and attacked by large groups. These horrific incide...

Analysing Community Service as a Mode of Punishment in Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhit...

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The introduction of community service as an alternative punishment epitomizes the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita's progressive approach to criminal justice. This reformative measure empowers magistrat...

The Sony Pictures Breach: A Case Study in Cyber Attacks

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The 2014 cyberattack on Sony Pictures Entertainment (SPE) serves as a stark reminder that even highly secure organizations are vulnerable to sophisticated attacks. This case study delves into t...

Cybersecurity Insurance

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Cybersecurity insurance, also known as cyber liability or cyber insurance, is a policy that assists organizations in managing risk exposure by covering the costs associated with recovering from...

Fashion and Law Relationship

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Fashion and law are inextricably linked, with the creative energy of the industry meeting the structured framework of the legal system. Intellectual property, contract law, employment law, inte...

Understanding Castle Law

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The 'Castle Doctrine' or 'Castle Law' refers to legal principles that allow individuals to defend their homes against intruders without fear of being subjected to legal repercussions. According...

Preventive Measures in Cyber Security

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In today's digital world, safeguarding sensitive information is paramount, both for individuals and organizations. As cyber threats become increasingly sophisticated, proactive measures are ess...

Unravelling Mysteries: The Psychic Investigations of Dr. Maximilian Langsner

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Psychic investigations utilize extrasensory perception or intuition to collect information or unravel mysteries. These investigations are commonly employed when traditional approaches prove uns...

Fundamentals of Cybersecurity

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Cybersecurity encompasses the comprehensive protection of digital systems and infrastructure from unauthorized access, sabotage, and theft. It involves implementing a wide array of technologies...

Latest Issues in Cyber Security

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Cybersecurity is a constantly evolving landscape, with new threats and challenges emerging on a regular basis. Recent developments in 2024 have highlighted several key issues, including: ...

Understanding Intra Vires: Definition, Illustrations, and Legal Precedents

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Definition: The concept of 'intra vires' refers to actions taken by entities operating within the boundaries of their legal authority. This legal framework applies to various entities, includi...

Understanding the Rarest of the Rare Doctrine

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The 'rarest of the rare' doctrine, a cornerstone of the Indian judicial system, dictates the application of the death penalty, reserving it for only the most egregious and heinous crimes. This ...

Proved Beyond A Shadow of A Doubt: Examining the Legal Standard

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The legal standard of 'proved beyond a shadow of a doubt' represents the highest degree of certainty required in criminal cases to establish the guilt of a defendant. This phrase conveys that t...

Hajj Management Failures in 2024 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia

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The Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, a multi-day religious event attracting millions of Muslims annually, poses unique challenges for crowd and hygiene management as well as security due to its immens...

Exculpatory Evidence: Evidentiary Value & Responsibility of the Prosecution

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Exculpatory evidence, also known as exonerating evidence, is a cornerstone of a just legal system. It encompasses any information, material, or testimony that can demonstrate the innocence of a...

Incriminating Evidence: Evidentiary Value

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In the intricate tapestry of the legal process, incriminating evidence, also known as inculpatory evidence, stands as an indispensable cornerstone. It serves as a vital link between an individu...

Presumption of Innocence: Understanding Its Core and Applications

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The presumption of innocence is an indispensable tenet in criminal justice systems globally, acknowledging that individuals are inherently innocent until proven otherwise. This principle is cod...

Termination of Patent Terminal Disclaimers: A Potential Paradigm Shift in U.S...

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The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is considering changing some rules that affect how patents are handled. These changes focus on a complex issue called 'non-statutory double patentin...

Communication between Spouses: Section 122 of the Indian Evidence Act

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Section 122 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, recognizes the crucial role of confidentiality in maintaining a healthy marital relationship. It enshrines the principle that spouses should be abl...

Collecting, Using, and Sharing Location Data: Balancing Privacy Concerns and ...

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The advent of the digital era has propelled location data to the forefront, serving as a crucial resource for industries spanning from tailored marketing campaigns to life-saving emergency resp...

The Double-Edged Sword of AI-Responsibilities of Purveyors and profiteers of ...

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Artificial Intelligence, a powerful tool reshaping industries and our daily lives, comes with its own set of ethical challenges. One particularly alarming development is the rise of deepfake te...

Unlawful Advertisement of Drugs Consequences and Regulations

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Therapeutic goods marketing necessitates a higher ethical code than advertising for regular consumer products because consumers rely on them for their well-being. It can be challenging for cons...

Finder of Lost Goods: Examining Rights and Duties

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A finder of lost goods is subject to the same responsibility as a bailee. He is bound to take reasonable care of the goods. He must trace its owner. Except the true owner, he is the owner again...

How to determine that an Individual is NRI

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A Non-resident Indian (NRI) is an individual who holds Indian citizenship or is of Indian origin but does not reside in India. To determine whether someone is an NRI, their residential status m...

Use of Artificial Intelligence in Sentencing, Appealing, Execution of Sentenc...

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) holds significant potential to revolutionize various stages of the criminal justice system, from sentencing to reintegration, ultimately aiming for greater efficien...

Use of Artificial Intelligence in Preparing Judgments in Courts

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing court procedures by aiding judges in judgment preparation. AI provides data-driven insights that enhance decision-making, automates repetitive ta...

Use of Artificial Intelligence during Trial in Court

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly changing the landscape of court trials, offering both exciting possibilities and significant challenges. From initial research to final sentencing, AI is...

Use of Artificial Intelligence during Filing of Charge Sheet

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Utilizing AI in the creation of charge sheets offers a transformative approach to legal proceedings by significantly increasing efficiency and accuracy. AI's ability to analyze vast amounts of ...

Use of Artificial Intelligence in Investigation of Cases

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AI's ability to process vast quantities of data, identify patterns, and predict outcomes makes it a valuable asset for investigations in India and internationally. Data Analysis and Pattern...

Use of Artificial Intelligence in Case Registration

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Artificial intelligence holds immense potential for streamlining and enhancing the registration of cases in India. By leveraging AI's capabilities, the process can be rendered more efficient en...

When Injunction Cannot be Granted by the Court

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Section 41 of the Specific Relief Act, 1963 delves into the discretionary power of courts when it comes to granting injunctions. An injunction, a powerful legal tool, serves as a court order pr...

Amazon Facing Class Action Lawsuit for Alleged Audiobook Monopoly

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Amazon.com, the e-commerce behemoth, is facing a proposed class action lawsuit alleging that its audiobook distribution practices constitute a monopoly in the market. The lawsuit, spearheaded b...

Wagering Contract: Differences between Wagering Contract and Insurance Contract

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A wagering contract, commonly referred to as a bet or wager, is a legally binding agreement between two parties where one party promises to pay the other a specific sum of money or other valuab...

International Bar Association: 80,000 Case Backlog at India's Supreme Court I...

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The Indian judiciary is facing a daunting challenge with approximately 80,000 cases languishing in the Supreme Court, creating a significant backlog. This accumulation of pending cases has prof...

Legality of Income Tax Department's Claim to Currency Notes Seized by Police

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The crux of the issue lies in determining the rightful custodian of currency seized by the police from individuals during investigations. The question arises whether the Income Tax Department c...

Analyzing Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), 1999

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The Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) was enacted by the Indian Parliament on December 29, 1999, to align with the frameworks of the World Trade Organization (WTO). It governs foreign exch...

Analyzing Judicial Independence In South Korea: Historical Context, Challenge...

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To understand judicial independence in South Korea, we must consider the interplay of historical, legal, and socio-political forces that have shaped the nation's judiciary. South Korea's transi...

Prioritizing People, Products, and Profits: A More Nuanced Approach

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As a digital-first house of brands, Honasa Consumer Limited caters to the evolving demands of millennial consumers. It is pioneering a new generation of beauty and personal care brands that pri...

Preventing Train Accidents: Ensuring Zero Human Error and Signal Compliance

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Train accidents, tragically claiming lives and property, are a pressing issue demanding urgent attention. The recent collision in Phansidewa near New Jalpaiguri railway station, Darjeeling dist...

US Supreme Court Rules in Favor of Gun Owners in Bump Stock Case

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The United States Supreme Court on 14 June 2024 (Friday) has overturned a ban on bump stocks, devices that allow semi-automatic firearms to fire rapidly, a decision that could have significant ...

Analyzing The Legal Dispute Surrounding The Music Copyrights Of Maestro Ilaya...

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The ongoing legal dispute involving the music copyrights of Maestro Ilayaraja encompasses various facets of intellectual property and contract law. The case presents crucial questions regarding...

Supreme Court: Administrative Enquiry Report Mandatory for Cognizance of Offe...

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"The Supreme Court of India has issued a crucial ruling on 17 May 2024 (Criminal Appeal No. 349 of 2021; The State of GNCT of Delhi and Others v. Praveen Kumar @ Prashant) regarding the process...

Analyzing the Independence of the Judiciary of Saudi Arabia

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Examining the independence of the judiciary in Saudi Arabia is a complicated matter, encompassing various aspects. The kingdom has taken steps to revamp its legal system in recent years, such a...

Analyzing the Independence of the Judiciary of the United Kingdom

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To comprehend the independence of the United Kingdom's judiciary, a historical exploration is crucial. Magna Carta established legal authority over the monarchy, while subsequent constitutional...

Contingent Contract: Analysing Section 31 to 36 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872

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A contingent contract is essentially a deal that hinges on whether a specific event happens or not. This event must be uncertain and beyond the control of either party involved. Such contracts ...

Analyzing Judicial Independence in France

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The French judiciary's independence finds its bedrock in the Constitution of the Fifth Republic, particularly through Articles 64 and 65. These provisions lay the groundwork for a system design...

Death Cell in a Jail

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'Death cells,' within the stark confines of a jail or prison, represent a potent nexus of legal and moral weight, serving as the final holding ground for individuals condemned to death. These c...

Death Warrant: An Examination

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A death warrant, also called as execution warrant or black warrant, authorizes the execution of a death row inmate as per a judicial verdict, completing the lethal process initiated by the judi...

Affidavit: Essential Guidelines for Preparation

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An affidavit is a written statement made under oath, which is then sworn or affirmed before an oath commissioner or another authorized individual. This document serves as a declaration of the t...

Cannabis Legalization in South Africa: A Critical Analysis

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In a groundbreaking move, South Africa has become the first African nation to legalize the use of cannabis for recreational purposes. This significant legislative shift came just before the May...

Hart's Theory of Jurisprudence

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Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart (1907-1992) was a distinguished legal philosopher whose groundbreaking work, 'The Concept of Law' (1961), revolutionized jurisprudence. Hart's theory of jurispruden...

Doxing: Unveiling the Dark Side of Digital Age

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The internet, a global network connecting billions, has transformed the way we access and share information. This vast digital landscape, however, presents a double-edged sword. As we navigate ...

Australia Cracks Down on Deepfake Porn with Tough Penalties

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In a bold initiative, Australia is implementing stringent legislation to combat the escalating menace of digital abuse, particularly the distribution of illicit deepfake pornographic content. A...

Delhi High Court's order on Archaic Urdu words in Police Language – A Criti...

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The Delhi High Court in the case of Vishalakshi Goel v. Union of India and Anr. on 11 December, 2019 made the following observations in Para 9 of the said order (Gist): "We want to make it c...

Cyber Stalking: A Digital Shadow of Harassment

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Cyber stalking involves pervasive digital harassment by invading a victim's privacy and constantly monitoring their movements. This intrusion can induce fear, intimidation, and a profound sense...

Austin's Theory of Jurisprudence

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Austin's Theory of Jurisprudence, a foundational work in the field of jurisprudence formulated by John Austin, a renowned British legal philosopher in the 19th century, is widely recognized as ...

Reconstruction Of A Case Diary

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Following the registration of an FIR, a comprehensive case diary is compiled, encompassing various essential documents. These include a general diary entry of the FIR, statements of witnesses, ...

Understanding Spike and Plunge in Share Prices

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Stock prices are influenced by a myriad of factors, including company performance, economic conditions, and even the often unpredictable sentiment of investors. While natural market fluctuation...

Germany's New Citizenship Law: A Landmark Reform

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Germany's Citizenship Law undergoes a significant transformation. On January 19, 2024 the German Parliament enacted a comprehensive array of amendments that will simplify the process of obtaini...

When an Arrest Warrant Can Be Issued

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In India, an arrest warrant, a legal document authorizing police to apprehend a specific individual, is issued by a magistrate under the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), 1973, ...

Prolonged Detention Due to Trial Delays: A Violation of Rights

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In a significant ruling in the case of Ankur Chaudhary v. State of Madhya Pradesh [SLP (Crl) No. 004648 / 2024], the Supreme Court of India has emphasized that prolonged imprisonment resulting ...

Admissibility of Expert's Evidence in Court

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Expert evidence is admissible in court when it meets established legal criteria, including the expert's qualifications, the relevance and reliability of their testimony, and the proper applicat...

Maintaining Case Diary Integrity in Police Investigations

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Case diaries, essential records in criminal investigations, provide a chronological account of investigative activities and findings. They foster transparency and accountability, aiding the jud...

Grounds for Quashing the Charge Sheet

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A charge sheet, a formal document outlining accusations prepared by law enforcement agencies, can be quashed by a court under various legal grounds. This judicial action, known as quashing, eff...

Cross-Examination: A Guide for Witnesses

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Cross-examination in court is a formidable challenge, demanding a cool head and a sharp mind to protect the integrity of the case. Navigating this critical phase requires a meticulous approach,...

The Impact of Hong Kong's National Security Law: A Two-Sided Story

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The year 2020 saw Hong Kong's political and social scene permanently altered with the introduction of China's National Security Law (NSL). This particular law was a direct reply to the pro-demo...

Section 161 CrPC: Challenges and Manipulations in Witness Statement Recording

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In India, Section 161 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 is relevant to police officers examining witnesses in a case that is being investigated. Any statement made by a witness to a police o...

Vexatious Litigation: An Overview

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Vexatious litigation, a pernicious phenomenon, involves the malicious initiation of legal proceedings devoid of any substantial basis. Its primary aim is to inflict distress, annoyance, or inti...

A Grim Reality: The Deplorable State of Police Lockups

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Policer Lockup, an integral component of every police station (CID, CBI, ED and some other investigative units have their own separate lock ups), serves as a temporary holding facility for accu...

Abortion in Islam: Analyzing the Concept

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Abortion in Islam is a multifaceted issue shaped by diverse interpretations of religious texts, ethical principles, and cultural norms. Although the primary sources of Islamic law (the Quran an...

Analyzing the Future of AI

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The future of artificial intelligence (AI) promises transformative potential, impacting various domains such as healthcare, transportation, finance, and entertainment. As AI technology evolves ...

Differentiating Between Police Inquiry And Police Investigation

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Police inquiry is not defined in any section of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973. However, police conduct inquiry in respect of issuance of passport, character antecedents' verification, land ...

How a Witness Should Depose in Court?

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Testifying in court can be intimidating, but proper preparation and understanding can empower witnesses to deliver confident and accurate testimony. This article provides a comprehensive guide ...

Social Media And The Law: Legal Challenges In The Digital Age

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Social media has become a cornerstone of contemporary life, connecting people globally and fostering unprecedented communication and idea exchange. This interconnected world, however, has also ...

Summoned by the Police: Understanding Your Rights and Responsibilities

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Being summoned by police or law enforcement can evoke trepidation and stress, but it is crucial to be aware of your legal rights and obligations. When asked for questioning, provision of inform...

Understanding Unlawful Agreement And Illegal Agreement

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Unlawful Agreements:An unlawful agreement is a contract or arrangement that goes against the law, public policy, or ethical principles. This makes it void, meaning it's legally invalid from the...

Rule of Law: A Critical Evaluation

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The rule of law, a cornerstone principle of democracy, dictates that all individuals and institutions, including the state, regardless of their power or status, are bound by and accountable to ...

The Legal Landscape of Artificial Intelligence: Can AI Learn to Obey the Law?

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) has made remarkable strides, surpassing human capabilities in a range of cognitive tasks. As AI technologies become increasingly integrated into our lives, concerns...

Analyzing the Independence of the German Judiciary

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The German judiciary enjoys a high level of independence, enshrined in the constitution. This ensures impartial justice and protects judges from undue influence. They are appointed based on mer...

Awarding Police Medals: Time to Revamp the Process

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Police medals are a prestigious honour bestowed upon officers for exceptional acts of courage, outstanding service, and distinguished contributions. The rigorous selection process, involving mu...

Examining Different Types of Biases

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Bias refers to systematic deviations from logical reasoning or impartiality in thought, perception, and behaviour. Cognitive shortcuts, personal experiences, and social influences often contrib...

Compliance With Illegal Orders Of Superior Officers: Ethical And Legal Implic...

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In any hierarchical system - like the military, police or a corporate setup - the chain of command is of utmost importance in keeping the order and discipline intact. The superiors pass orders ...

Radiating Success: Strategies for Visibility and Promotion

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Getting noticed and moving up the career ladder requires a strategic approach. It's a combination of consistently delivering excellent work, building strong professional relationships, and demo...

Spear Phishing: A Comprehensive Overview

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Spear phishing, a highly targeted cyberattack, aims to deceive specific individuals into divulging sensitive data, such as login credentials or financial information. It masquerades as a legiti...

Section 436A CrPC: A Lifeline for Undertrial Prisoners in India

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Section 436A of the Indian Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), 1973 stands as a vital provision aimed at addressing the pressing issue of prolonged detention for undertrial prisoners. Introduced in...

Sentence Remission Laws for Release of Convicted Prisoners

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Remission refers to a reduction in the length of a prison sentence, distinct from furlough and parole, which involve temporary releases. While furlough and parole offer breaks from prison life,...

An Analysis Of The Independence Of The Judiciary In Pakistan

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The basis of democratic governance, the independence of judiciary ensures that the judiciary can stand unbiased in settling legal disputes and keeping a check on the other organs of the state. ...

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Popular Articles by Md. Imran Wahab

Mischief Rule of Interpretation: An Anal...

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One of the ways to interpret laws or statutes is through the mischief rule, also called the Hey...

Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law

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Introduction The concept of the "Pure Theory of Law" was developed by Hans Kelsen, an Austrian...

Grounds for Cancellation of Bail

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Introduction Once a court grants bail to someone, it can take it back under certain circumstan...

Import of General Diary

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Introduction A General Diary (GD), also known as a General Diary Entry or simply a Diary Entry...

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