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What Do Articles 23 And 24 Cover About Right Against Exploitation?

Here is a guide on the right against exploitation and what it covers, what Articles 23 and 24 speak about, and which should be known to the public.

Our country's history has stories of slavery and exploitation. It was dated back to the time of the freedom struggle when basic human rights weren't a thing. Even the children were ill-treated and had to deal with hard labour work. After independence, the constitution got drafted to eradicate slavery and exploitation from slavery.

Each individual possesses the right to live a dignified, well-mannered and meaningful life. The "Right against Exploitation" was incorporated as a fundamental right under part III of the constitution. Articles 23 and 24 of the constitution discuss endless facets of such a right.

Upholding the principles strongly that discusses human dignity and liberty, there are two articles of the Constitution.

Article 23: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour

The article discusses forbidding forced labour, human trafficking and other similar activities and emphasises any activities that exploit a person's basic rights. Violation of the article is considered an offence, punishable by the provision of the India Penal Code, 1860 (IPC).

Beggar
It is an involuntary activity, and if the person is forced to work without being paid, it violates the article. When the force is through physical or mental pressure, it is considered strictly prohibited and a criminal offence.

Human Trafficking
Buying and selling human beings as a commodity is a criminal offence. It involves trafficking women and children, and the victims usually suffer from slavery and sexual harassment. This offence of trafficking is punishable under Section 370 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 with imprisonment or fine.

Other forced labour
If less than a minimum wage is offered to a person, it is also considered forced labour. It also covers bonded labour where a person is forced to offer services out of a loan that couldn't be repaid.

Article 24 - Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc

Undoubtedly, children are the future of our nation, and it is their right to live in freedom. Wondering what is right against exploitation? It talks about everything that could exploit India's citizens, which must be prohibited. Every nation must secure their kids' future by providing good food, education and health. That is why this article is in the limelight, focusing on the well-being of the children.

The Mines Act of 1952

This Act prohibits children below the age of 18 completely prohibits them from working in the mines. There is a strict threshold of age set for this act since working in the mines can pose a severe threat to a child.

The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986

This law briefly describes when and how the children should be employed. And where the employment of children is strictly prohibited. It is the principal Act that governs almost all cases of child labour in India. This Act discusses not admitting children in hazardous places. Plus, guidelines are prescribed in those areas wherein children are employed in non-hazardous sectors.

The Factories Act 1948

The very first act passed after the independence for setting the minimum age limit for employment for children in the factory. Factories act 1948 sets a minimum age of 14 years.

Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016

This Act abandons and strictly prohibits children from working under the age of 14, and it also bans the employment of people between the ages of 14 and 18 with jobs that deal with hazards. Child labour is a principle act that covers and governs all aspects of child labour in India.

Conclusion
Many poorer parts of the country are suffering from severe problems. Such action and introduction of Articles 23 & 24 ensure children's security at all costs. Such actions are constitutionally prohibited, and strict actions are taken against those who don't abide by the law.

The "right against exploitation" is a significant objective of our Constitution. Article 23 ensures people get fair remuneration for their work without being forced into labour. While. Article 24 prohibits child labour with the major Factories Act 1948, ensuring that children's needs are addressed well!

References:
  1. https://legallinkup.com/right-against-exploitation/
  2. https://legallinkup.com/factories-act-1948/

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