In the 21st century, one legal system which has very strongly come into
prominence is the concept of Juche or Kimilsungulism.
This system of ideology & political governance is uniquely found in the
country of North Korea and has been in existence since 1953.
Many international law experts are of the view that Juche is a mix of
complete isolationism and Marxism.
Introduction to Juche
The concept of Juche is revered as not only a political ideology but is
considered as a religion in North Korea
The concept of Juche is based on the fact that people must strictly
adhere to the ideas & the political ideology pre-dominantly laid down by
This concept dissuades & discourages people to worship any individual
religion and considers Juche as a state-sponsored religion.
In fact, North Korea is the only country in the world, which has a
state-sponsored religion and where citizens are not allowed to worship any
other God or religion or belief or ideology.
Political Ideologies of Juche
The concept of Juche believes in the concept of extreme cult worship and
in the concept that any individual must have extreme loyalty towards the
The Kim family has propagated many of these ideas which are available in
the form of literature or books.
Every North Korean individual is supposed to be completely devoted to
the cause of the state and must not question any decision made by Kim's
The concept of freedom of speech and expression is, therefore, virtually
non-existent and illegal in North Korea.
Under Juche, any form of defiance or disagreement with Kim's family or
their ideologies or ideas is punishable by death
Further, the Juche ideology clearly lays down the absence of any private
sector, private entrepreneurship, or so-called foreign interference in North
The concept of Juche believes in the concept of self-reliance and the
North Korean government produces everything, which is overseen by the state.
The Juche ideology also believes that the country of North Korea is the
most perfect country in the world and all the other countries are jealous of
Unfortunately, this propaganda has been taught and embedded in the minds
of every North Korean since 1953.
In order to discourage any outside news from coming in, the possession
of western smartphones, or internet, or any foreign newspaper is illegal in
According to the UN, North Korea has the most strict internet laws, and
only 1% of the North Korean population, mostly elite, ministers, senior
bureaucrats, and armed officers, have access to the internet.
In North Korea, therefore the possession of any foreign newspaper or
data or internet information is illegal and is punishable by death.
The North Korean Constitution
The North Korean constitution is a highly polarized constitution and
gives effect & benefits to a certain group of people.
The North Korean constitution also spells out the fact that its
constitution believes in the concept of absolute socialism and complete
loyalty to Kim's family.
The constitution also makes it punishable to death to show any
disrespect to Kim's family neither indoor nor outdoor.
The North Korean constitution also forbids any form of display of
American products or so-called imperialism.
The North Korean constitution does speak about fundamental rights but
speaks about a host of fundamental duties which the citizens have to obey
and perform at any cost.
North Korean laws also make it illegal for anyone to own a TV or a
laptop, without the permission of the North Korean government.
Under the concept of Juche and the North Korean constitution, every
citizen has to work for 6 days a week in their offices and every Sunday is
devoted for citizens to work in the collective farms run by the North Korean