Female foeticide is the procedure of determining the gender of a foetus and
aborting it if it is a girl. Despite the fact that it is illegal, many people
continue to do so. Aside from that, certain societies practise female
infanticide, which is the death of a girl child after she is born. Census 2001
statistics suggest that there are only 933 women for every 1000 men in the
country, highlighting this reality.
Furthermore, Census (2011) data revealed a dramatic decline in the Child Sex
Ratio (CSR), which is computed as the number of girls for every 1000 boys
between the ages of 0 and 6, with an all-time low of 918 in 2011 compared to 976
in 1961. This drop in the sex ratio means that we are depriving girls of more
than just their human rights; we are also depriving them of their autonomy.
This practise must be ended because both girls and boys have an equal right to
life. To accomplish so, it is vital to safeguard their rights by forbidding
dowry, female unemployment, underage marriage, and caste discrimination.
What is the definition of female foeticide?
Female foeticide is an abortion process in which a female foetus is removed from
the mother's womb before birth, following sex recognition tests such as an
ultrasound scan. In India, female foeticide and even sex recognition tests are
prohibited. It is a source of shame for parents who are desperate for a son, as
well as doctors who perform abortions specifically for this reason.
Female Foeticide Causes:
However, different locations, faiths, and groups have different causes of female
foeticide, however the following are the most common reasons for girls child
The primary and most important cause In our society, a boy is a prestige
symbol. We believe he will grow our family, earn good money, be physically and
emotionally healthy, and be able to better care for his parents till the end.
Female foeticide is primarily caused by a desire for a boy. In many
circumstances, parents give birth to a large number of girls or murder them in
the pregnancy until a boy is born.
A girl is unable to carry on the family bloodline.
The majority of people believe that girls cannot marry into their father's
family because they will have to marry into the in-law family. After her
marriage, her parents' family will disband, and no one will be available to care
for her parents. All of this, however, appears to be incorrect. The majority of
girls adore their parents more than the majority of boys. They are with the
parents at all times.. in both happiness and grief
Misuse of Ultrasound Technology • An ultrasound scanning machine can provide a
wealth of information about a foetus's early development during pregnancy.
Unfortunately, many IVF doctors use ultrasound scan technology to check the sex
of the baby, which is against the law and against nature. Many ultrasound test
centres charge a lot of money only to scan foetuses to see if they're a boy or a
girl. If they discover a girl, some parents choose abortion. This is a truly
heinous crime and horrible mindset.
Girls are in danger (Eve Teasing)
Our civilization is also to blame for girl suffocation in the womb. When boys
find girls alone or in public areas, they tease them. They make derogatory
remarks about their attire, personalities, sexual harassment, acid throwing, and
dating abuse. That is why parents are hesitant to send their daughters outside
the home, to school, colleges, and other institutions as well as another cities.
Expenses of Marriage (Dowry System)
For the past 100 years, we have followed this awful tradition. From the moment
she is born, her parents begin to plan her marriage. They have begun collecting
items and money for her wedding, rather than for her education and excellent
living conditions. Dowry is a significant financial burden on our society. Dowry
is also a major cause of mortality for newly married women who are subjected to
constant harassment and torture by their husbands or in-laws' families. In
India, Australia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Iran, dowry deaths have been
reported. Every day, hundreds of women are slaughtered around the world as a
result of the Dowry System. To save lives and cut down on wedding costs, we need
to break this tradition.
Sexual Harassment or Raped
According to a United Nations report, 250,000 incidences of rape or attempted
rape were registered by the United Nations. annually by the police. Because of
the importance of family reputation in society, many females are scared to
disclose this crime. Thousands of women are raped every day around the world,
with many of them being killed. This is also the most common reason for female
A Girl Isn't as Strong as a Boy • We believe that girls can't undertake the same
jobs as boys, such as joining the army and police, heavy-duty jobs, Catholic
priests, bus and truck driving, and professional pilots. Girls, on the other
hand, have now conquered the world. They are capable of completing any work. All
we need to do now is give them a chance to demonstrate their abilities.
Discrimination based on gender
Until we abolish gender discrimination between boys and girls, this female
killing atrocity will continue. We must treat everyone equally and offer them
with equal rights. Not only at home, but also in public places, offices, and
educational institutions, to the girl.
Lack of Education:
In countries or regions where illiteracy, lack of education, and knowledge are
high, the female foeticide ratio is higher. Traditional anti-women beliefs and
attitudes are still prevalent. The majority of women are still at home and
occupied with household tasks, and we mistakenly believe that women are only for
housework. She doesn't need any schooling or work experience.
Medical Industry Corruption
The medical profession used to be a trustworthy and respected profession, but
today it is riddled with corruption at every level. Female foeticide is also on
the rise as a result of corruption. Doctors charge a lot of money to perform an
ultrasound scan to determine the gender of a baby and then perform an abortion.
The doctor and the rest of the medical team They must perform their duties
honestly and in accordance with the law.
Aborting Female Fetuses Has Long-Term Consequences
For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction, Newton's Third Law
of Motion reads. The consequences of female feticide holocaust are far-reaching.
The majority of parents are blinded by their desire for male children and are
unaware of the calamity they inadvertently invite by engaging in female
Unbalanced Gender Ratio:
The number of girls in India is decreasing with each passing decade. From 962
and 945 girls born for every 1000 boys in 1981 and 1991, respectively, the ratio
fell to 914 girls born for every 1000 boys in 2011. In China, the ratio is
alarmingly high, with 100 girls for every 118 boys (or 848 girls for 1000 boys).
These are just two examples of countries enslaved by abortion, but there are
many more. Other countries are also dealing with unbalanced gender ratios. More
statistics from other countries can be found below.
As the number of girls declines, they become rare in comparison to the
increasing number of males eligible for marriage. As a result, in many areas,
illicit female trafficking has become routine. Women, usually young girls who
have just passed puberty, are pushed to marry. Many young girls are kidnapped
and sold to the highest bidder by their parents. The consequences of child
marriages and pregnancies are terrible. The current and future psychological
costs of an area participating in the trading of its female population are
Increased Rape and Assault:
When women are considered an endangered species, rape, assault, and violence
become more common. When there are fewer available females, the survivors will
have to deal with the realities of surviving in a society that is based on male
dominance. by a surge in testosterone The legal system may provide protection,
but many crimes may remain hidden for fear of isolation, humiliation, and
punishment on the part of the girl, as is the case now.
Without moms (male or female) to produce children, there will be fewer births,
resulting in a population decline. While population management is a priority for
many countries, including China and India, eliminating one sex is not the best
approach to achieve this aim.
- The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Female
Foeticide) (Regulation and Prevention of Female Foeticide) (Regulation and
Prevention of Female Foeticide) (Regulation and Prevention of Female Foetic
- The Misuse Act of 1994 was passed. In 1996, the Act went into effect. It
is a thorough document in and of itself.
- legislation that establishes the circumstances in which the use of
prenatal diagnostic procedures is permissible
- Where it is forbidden, as well as where it is regulated. It includes
measures for establishing accountability procedures.
- for Those in charge of creating policy under the Act, as well as those
in charge of putting it into effect. The consequences of numerous offences
are also detailed.
- During the execution of this Act, the Government became aware of some
shortcomings and practical challenges in its administration. Simultaneously,
newer Techniques have been developed to choose the child's sex even before
conception, resulting in a child with a specific sex.
- The sex ratio is continuing to fall. The Supreme Court took notice of
these changes as well.
CEHAT & Others v. Court, CEHAT & Others v. Court, CEHAT & Others v. Court, CEHAT
& Others v. Court, CEHAT & Others v.Union of India & Others vs. Union of India &
Others The Court had ruled that adjustments to the PNDT Act and the PNDT
Regulations should be made.
On February 14, 2003, the modified Act went into effect. Its major goal was to
outlaw the use of sex-selection procedures before or after conception, as well
as the misuse of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for sex-selective abortions,
and the regulation of such techniques
States and Union Territories are in charge of enforcing the Act. As a member of
the Appropriate authorities are established to carry out the Act, and each is
aided by an eight-person team. advisory committee made up of members The
committee is made up of doctors, attorneys, social workers, and other
professionals. officers interacting with the press Under the Act, supervisory
boards have also been established.
The Minister of Health and Family Welfare will serve as chairperson to oversee
the implementation of the plan enactment. According to state/UT records, there
are around 21,600 prenatal care centres in operation.
Under the PC&PNDT Act, diagnostic procedures such as ultrasonography have been
More than 400 complaints for violations of the Act have been filed in various
courts thus far.
Campaign to Raise Awareness
To deal with a problem that has gotten out of hand Legislation alone will not
solve the problem because it has its roots in social behaviour and prejudice. To
raise awareness of the practise of prenatal sex determination and female
foeticide, a variety of actions have been performed. The assistance is needed to
put the Act's provisions into effect.
AIR, Doordarshan, the Song and Drama Division, the Directorate of Field
Publicity, and other media units
It's also looking for people from the Press Information Bureau, Films Division,
and DAVP. Workshops and seminars
To raise awareness about this social evil, voluntary organisations have hosted
seminars at the state, regional, district, and block levels. Cooperation has
also been requested from others.
Religious leaders and medical professionals have joined forces to put an end to
To transform the current social climate, a comprehensive effort encompassing all
segments of society is required. If the objective of achieving a balanced sex
ratio is to be attained, we must change our mentality and eliminate gender-based
prejudice. The government has just started a Save the Girl Child Campaign in
response to this. One of its key goals is to reduce the preference for a male by
emphasising the benefits of having a daughter. young females' accomplishments To
realise the long-term aim, efforts are being made to establish an environment
that is conducive to learning. Sons and daughters are respected equally in this
environment. Efforts like these can't be made in a vacuum. female foeticide in
isolation or in relation to a single case of female foeticide. They must be
integrated into the system. major advocacy and communication campaigns that are
In order to frame a social problem in the formal and specialised language of
law, it is necessary to first define all of the relevant terms. the important
individuals and their roles in promoting the practise, and second,
institutionalise the practise. tools for enforcing rules that will govern
practise Legislation and regulations The role of numerous actors and
institutions can be concretely monitored and evaluated within the framework of
regulation. Regulation, for example, has a significant impact on the major
medical and pharmaceutical industries. The pharmaceutical industry that has
built up around reproduction in general, and SD in particular, is a good example
Doctors are only a small part of this. The challenges and inadequacies in regulating the use of technology for SD, such as obstetric ultrasound should not be used as a justification for not regulating something. A variety of measures can be taken.
taken to guarantee that the implementation is successful. For instance, the MTP Act of 1971 and the
Specific sites have been classified for lawful supply of these services under the PNDT Act of 1994.
The registration of these sites and the listing of diagnostic equipment, as well
as the issuing of licences and permits
Among other things, ensuring that they be conspicuously displayed could assist
The PNDT Act could be the start of a larger endeavour. The private health-care
sector should be regulated.
The law, as it is currently applied, fails because it does not define the role
that the private sector has played in expanding SD and SSA across the country
almost entirely on its own. It's true.
It's worth remembering that in the mid-1970s, SD was outlawed in all public
places. After having talked about it,
the utility of laws It's vital to note that they're only a beginning step toward
solving the problem,
deep-seated inequity One of the three petitioners in the PIL, George (2002),
points out that a law.
The effective use of the judiciary can put pressure on the executive branch of
government to do a better job of overseeing the use of these technologies, as
well as directing medical ethics that have been largely ignored up until now
substantially deficient in terms of SD and SSA, while also serving as a catalyst
for addressing these issues
Patriarchal norms are well established in Indian society. Eradication of Harmful
The sex-related harmful practises of female foeticide and female infanticide,
which contribute to the most severe cases of gender bias and persistent
discrimination against the girl child, are linked to the problem of gender bias
and persistent discrimination against the girl child.
Unwanted abortions Considering the current high rates of female newborn
mortality (70.8% in 1999), female infant mortality is a major concern.
Child mortality was 24.5 percent in 1997, while mother mortality was 407 percent
(1998) (See below for more information.)
section on 'Children's Development'). According to the 1991 Census, there are 65
Problem districts have been found, with a sex ratio unusually in favour of men
ranging from 1,100 to 1,500.
In the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, and Haryana, there are
1,218 men for every 1,000 females.
Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Uttar Pradesh are the states
that make up the state of Madhya Pradesh. Furthermore, a multi-centrical
In 1993, a research sponsored by the Department of Women and Child Development
despite the fact that female foeticide is practised across the country, female
infanticide exists as a community-specific phenomena To control/eradicate female
genital mutilation, the Tenth Plan will take steps to effectively enforce both
the Indian Penal Code, 1860, and the Pre-natal Diagnostic Technique (Regulation
and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994.
feticide and female infanticide, with heightened vigilance and surveillance.
The guilty will receive a harsh sentence. Long-term societal sensitization
initiatives are also needed.
modify their bad attitude toward girls as unwanted, unwanted, unwanted,
unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted,
unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted,
unwanted, unwanted, unwanted, unwanted,
It will also be put into action because she has been ignored and discriminated
against both inside and outside her home.
Across the country, with a particular focus on problem districts and
Female foeticide is being eradicated, and a strategy is being developed to do
As previously said, poverty isn't the only factor that causes families to murder
their children. In addition, the neighbourhood.
acts in unusual ways to perpetuate the crime, such as mocking families who do
not have a problem kid. Illiteracy, ignorance of the welfare schemes available
for girls, poverty alleviation, and the legal implications of female
infanticide, as well as the dowry system, are some of the reasons for the
failure of the government's and NGOs' plans and initiatives to help girls.
Your daughter's name is Forthcoming, and your mother's name is Past. This is the
reality: WITHOUT GIRL CHILD, THERE IS NO PRESENT, NO PAST, AND NO FUTURE. Female
foeticide is the act of committing suicide by a woman. So, safeguard the girl
child and ensure the future of the world's children. The consequences of female
feticide will be dangerous. According to demography projections, India would
face a shortage of brides in the marriage market in the next twenty years, owing
to the unfavourable sex ratio.
Written By: Rahul, BBA.LL.B 5 Sem.