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Capital Punishment In India

India is one of the largest country in the world which also has so numerous crimes and culprits and to manage with them we've a veritably strong laws in India. Discipline are given to the malefactor for every offence. One of the corrections include Capital punishment or death penalty which is very rarely given in India.

Capital punishment is a legal death penalty ordered by the court against the person for doing the most grievous and heinous offences. Prosecutions are carried out by hanging. Though in India it's given only in the rarest of the rare cases. The capital punishment in described in the Indian Penal Code and in Code of criminal procedure. Capital punishment was there in India since the very beginning and as times passed it's use has been limited. It's veritably limited that after the independence no women criminal has been given capital punishment in India.

Crimes punishable under capital punishment
Crimes in which capital punishment is given are as follows:
  1. Exacerbated murder.
  2. Other offences performing in death.
  3. Disloyalty, spying.
  4. Terrorism related crimes, resulting in death.
  5. Military offences, not resulting in death.

These are some of the crimes in India in which capital punishment is awarded.

There's also a procedure for the capital punishment which includes:
  1. After the completion of proceedings in trial court the judge pronounce the judgement under sec 235 of CrPC and the court must record the special reason justifying the judgement.
  2. After this the case will go to high court for the evidence of the judgement. The high court can confirm the judgment, or can give any new judgment, or can order a new trail for the case.
  3. When high court gives the evidence for the punishment also a special leave petition could be filed.
  4. A petition seeking review of a judgment or order passed by the Supreme Court may be filed under article 137 of the Constitution before the Supreme Court within thirty days from the date of similar judgment or order.
  5. After the dismissal of special leave petition the SC may allow a curative petition to review its judgement.
  6. And lastly article 72 and 161 of the Constitution give power to the President of India and the Governor respectively to grant pardon and to suspend, remit or commute rulings in certain cases. The President or the governor may consider the case of the convict and should pardon the death judgment.
Some cases in relation to capital punishment:
  1. Bachan Singh v/s. State of Punjab,
    This Case may be a corner judgment given by 5 judges Bench of the Hon'ble Supreme Court. In this case Supreme Court pointed out some important limitations on the prosecution by setting the rarest of the rare doctrine. The Supreme Court said:
    A real and abiding concern for the quality of mortal life presuppositions resistance to taking a life through law's machinery. That ought to not be done except in rarest or the rare cases where the choice opinion is clearly foreclosed.
  2. Mukesh and Anr v/s NCT Delhi
    On 5 May 2017, the Supreme Court rejected the convicts appeal and saying that they had committed  a barbaric crime that had  shaken society's heart, the court upheld the death judgment of the four who had been charged within the murder. The verdict was well entered by the family of the victim and the civil society.
  3. Shabnam v/s State of Uttar Pradesh
    This case is a historical case because Shabnam will be the first women after independence who has got the punishment of death penalty.

    Shabnam and Saleem, both in their 20s also, were condemned of killing seven members of Shabnam's family. With all of them gone, she'd have been the sole inheritor to the family property. They were arrested five days latterly. At that point, Shabnam was 7 weeks pregnant. In December that time, she gave birth to a son, Mohammad Taj. He's presently living with Shabnam's council inferior Usman Saifi and his woman.

In 2010, the Amroha Sessions Court doomed them to death, which was upheld by the Allahabad High Court in 2013.

In 2015, the Supreme Court observed that the end of the Court is to serve the society and thus the convicts good gesture or good heart, generally, should not be the reason to swap a judgment. The crime mustn't be overlooked. Therefore, the Court upheld the death judgment on the ground that it was a premeditated offence, with scrupulous planning.

The issue of the capital discipline is a debatable one some people find it unconstitutional while some are in favour of it. After being batted and studied from a prolonged time still no conclusion has been drawn out of it.

Capital punishment or death penalty have always been a content of contradiction not only in India but also in several advanced countries. In India, the motive for the punishment is rested on two aspects; the primary being that the lawbreaker should suffer for the pain and injury he/ she casted upon the victim and another motive is to discourage others from committing wrongs by sanctioning corrections.

Different people from the different sections has reflected their point on the capital discipline and there have been numerous debates regarding the indigenous validity of it but still any final decision has not been made in the issue.

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