India or Bharat is a south-Asian country known for its oldest civilizations
in the world with different cultures, heritage, traditions, and religions. In
330 BC, Alexander the Great acquainted people of India with the first narcotic
substance-opium by revealing its medicinal usage, and by the year 1200, various
ancient Indian medicine books recognized its healing properties and started
suggesting its medicinal usage but eventually people started consuming it for
After the increased demand for opium, people started
cultivating it on the western coastal line of India by the year 1300, and by the
year 1720, India was exporting opium to the entire world. The trafficking of
narcotic substances in India from neighboring countries (Nepal and Pakistan)
commenced in the year 1930 when the colonial government limited opium’s
cultivation and uses to only medical purposes after observing its ill-effects on
people who used it for pleasure.
As the inflow rate for narcotic substances
increased, the Government of India in the year 1985 repealed all the previous
acts and enacted a new stern law called The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substance Act, 1985, prohibiting the manufacturing, selling, importing,
exporting and consumption of drugs and only allowing its cultivation to meet
medicinal requirements. The Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances Act, 1988 was also introduced by the Government of India
in the year 1988, which allows detention of persons suspected to be involved in
illicit trafficking of drugs.
Today, one of the major issues which are being faced by enforcement agencies is
the trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, which were
earlier a concern to a limited number of countries but nowadays it is a menace
for the world. Talking about the process of trafficking, it involves the
cultivation, manufacturing, distribution, and then selling to its consumers.
Hence, it requires a network of individual persons, local mobs, and
international criminal organizations, all creating a syndicate or cartel to
traffic drugs. As India shares its land border with Pakistan, Bangladesh,
Myanmar, Nepal, and Afghanistan.
This exposes it towards illicit trafficking of
narcotic and psychotropic substances. It has been seen that India is both a
terminus and a conveyance path for narcotics produced in the Golden Crescent
region (Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan) and the Golden Triangle
region (Thailand, Laos, and Myanmar) with the help of already existing networks
of smugglers operating on the borderlines to smuggle gold and other commodities.
Moreover, it has been alleged that India is trafficking various indigenous
psychotropic and pharmaceutical chemicals in various parts of the world using
Talking about the entry routes, the heroin and hashish produced in the Golden
Crescent region enter India’s territory from the India-Pakistan border in the
North-West Region, exploiting the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, the Thar Desert in
Rajasthan, Amritsar in Punjab, and Sunderbani in Jammu & Kashmir, from where
they are easily sold to consumers in adjacent states. I recall from my visit to
a suburb in Himachal Pradesh a couple of years ago, that how narcotic and
psychotropic substances were easily made available to its consumers and on the
other hand, a proper meal for the day was hard to find.
Moving further towards the North Region, hashish and marijuana destined to
Lucknow, Faizabad, Gorakhpur, and Patna are easily intruded from the India-Nepal
border using road networks along the Champaran district of Bihar and Lakhimpur
Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh.
In the East of India, neighbor Myanmar is the largest producer of opium in the
Golden Triangle region from where opium is trafficked into the states of Mizoram,
Manipur, and Nagaland through the India-Myanmar border. On the other hand, it
has been alleged that opioids are smuggled from India to Bangladesh through the
India-Bangladesh border using railroad networks.
As India is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the
west and the Indian Ocean to the south further make it vulnerable to the
trafficking of narcotic substances. The east and west coast of India are more
openly used to smuggle heroin from the Golden Crescent region into other parts
of the world through cargo ships.
Now what’s left is the airports and air routes that are being exploited by
traffickers. A specific pattern has been seen by the enforcement agencies
between India and the capital of Ethiopia – Addis Ababa. The African and
Nigerian drug cartels use the Delhi- Addis Ababa and Mumbai- Addis Ababa air
routes to smuggle heroin in India, whereas, all other major airports in India
are exploited to smuggle narcotic substances in South and East Asian markets.
As said by an intellectual person that Drug is a poison, it provides short term
enjoyment with long term pain,the pain here is not only suffered by the person
taking narcotic substances but by his family too. Further, I would like to add
that now it’s time for consumers of narcotic and psychotropic substances to
understand the famous saying in India that ??? ??????? ???????? (meaning- one
should always avoid doing excess as the excess of everything ruins everything)
and incline towards living a healthy life.
Award Winning Article Is Written By: Mr.Deepak Sharma
Authentication No: JL118785606288-06-0721