As Buddha said, Peace comes from within
. Simply the term peace means freedom
from disturbance on cessation of war or violence. Peace will be considered only
when people are able to resolve their conflict without violence. As also stated
in in Bhagavad Gita that ???????????
??? which means non-violence is the
ultimate truth. And the term security simply means safety or state of feeling
The concept of international peace and security has been there since the many
centuries. And this concept was initiated in the European countries. The first
drive was initiated in 1648 by the Congress of Westphalia in the Europe. This
Congress consisted of peace treaties to end the European wars of religion.
After the Congress of Westphalia many Treaties and Congress had been assigned
and held time to time as like Congress of Vienna in 1815, Congress of Paris in
1854 and so on. But having a lot of treaties, the world had witness two
exterminating war, World War I and World War II killed approximately 100 million
lives, which is so inhuman that it shook the whole world.
After this destruction so many international organisations have been made in
order to maintain peace and security globally. For example, The United
Nations which was established in 1945 works on maintaining or providing
international peace and security. Article 1 of the Charter of the United Nations
talks about to maintain international peace and security and to that end, to
take effective collective measure for the prevention and removal of threats to
The UN does this by working to prevent conflict, helping parties in
conflict make peace, peacekeeping and creating condition to allow peace to hold
and flourish through its various organs; like UN Security Council which has
primary responsibility for international peace and security, also helps in
saving future generation from scourge of war. The UN provide security to human
right and has currently more than 100,000 peacekeepers helping keep peace in 14
operations of 4 continents.
The Indian Constitution also talks about the international peace and security.
Here Article 51 of the Constitution under the Directive Principles Of State
Policy talks about the promotion of international peace and security.
Under article 51 the constitution requires the state to endeavour to:
- First of all promote international peace and security.
- Secondly to maintain just and honorable relation with other states.
- Thirdly foster respect for international law and treaty obligation in
dealing of organised peoples with one another.
- Fourthly to encourage settlement of international disputes by
Justice Sikri has observed engagement in Kesavananda Bharati v. Union of
as regards Article 51 that:
it seems to be in view of article 51 of the
constitution this court must interpret language of the Constitution if not
intractable which is after all a municipal law in the light of United Nations
Charter and solemn declaration subscribe to by India.
Whether we talk in India or as globally, maintaining peace and security must be
the priority of the nations. Having international peace and security all over
also helps to develop friend relation among nations based on respect for the
principle of equal rights and self determination of people.So that there is
happiness and peace in the whole world. Hence then the righteousness must be
propitiated.Written By: Yuvraj Kashyap
Authentication No: AG023875169157-25-820