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Reforms In Delhi Police System

The word Police is derived form a latin term Politia which means state or administration. This is very essential to maintain peace and keeping law and order maintain in the society which led to the establishment of law enforcing agency in the form of Delhi police in Delhi. Delhi has a long history of policing through the famed institution of the Kotwal. The Delhi Police is the Law enforcement agency for the National Capital Territory of Delhi . Delhi Police comes under central government so it has a high technologies compare to other states police and The motto is Shanti Sewa Nyaya.

Delhi police officers include Commissioner of Police (CP) ,Special Commissioner of Police (Special CP) ,Joint Commissioner of Police (Joint CP), Additional Commissioner of Police (Additional CP), Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) {Selection Grade}, Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP), Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police (Additional DCP) Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP) and Delhi police Sub-ordinates includes Inspector of Police Sub-Inspector of Police Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police Head Constable and Constable.

Delhi police stations are divided into 7 regions and each region is controlled by Joint Commissioner of Police. Each district is controlled by Deputy Commissioner of Police and each sub-division is controlled by Assistant Commissioner of Police. The head of the Delhi Police department is Commissioner of Police.

On 28 December 2018 the Delhi Police had become a first police force in the country to digitize all Malkhanas, rooms for keeping seized arms and ammunition, across every police station in the state, and Delhi Police Commissioner Amulya Patnaik inaugurated the E-Malkhana project and digitization of service delivery mechanism will definitely make the whole system faster, smoother and easier, the release stated.

Delhi Police can now catch traffic offenders 24×7:

10 locations where new automated system is installed. Recently in 26 Feb, 2019 Delhi Police and Maruti Suzuki join hands for launch of Automated Red Light Violation Detection and Speed Violation Detection System. The initiative was launched by Hon’ble Lieutenant Governor Delhi, Shri Anil Baijal along with Mr. Amulya Patnaik, Commissioner, Delhi Police, Mr R C Bhargava, Chairman, Maruti Suzuki and Mr. Kenichi Ayukawa, Managing Director & CEO, Maruti Suzuki.

The initiative aims to provide safe driving experience to motorists, help pedestrians in crossing the road safely and improve compliance with road traffic rules, thereby reducing accidents and fatalities at junctions. The completely automated system, from violation-capturing till issuance of an e-challan, is expected to strengthen the rule enforcement with transparency. It is also expected to increase awareness on pedestrian safety and help in smooth traffic movement.

The Delhi Police, by 2020, aspires to adopt technology-based policing by using smart policing, artificial intelligence, and self-learning systems among other advanced technologies, it was announced on 27 october,2017.

Recently problem is arising in Delhi police department regarding the retirement of policemen who are corrupt, unprofessional and inefficient so that they can be handed over compulsory retirement but some officials said that the retirement age of Delhi police will be reduced from 60 to 55 but it is not clear yet.

Women’s strength in Delhi Police is just 11.65%. Women’s representation in Delhi Police is merely 9,341 out of the total strength of 80,115, Union Minister of State for Home G. Kishan Reddy said on 24 July, 2019.

There is an Delhi POLICE ACT, 1978 which regulate law relating to the regulation of the police in the Union territory of Delhi and the powers and functions are governed by Code of Criminal Procedure Act ,1973 therefore police officials cannot go beyond these Acts.

Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 :
Sections from 154 to 176 of Chapter- 12 of CRPC gives Powers To Investigate to police

Section 154 – Information in cognizable cases

Section 155 – Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases

Section 156 – Police officer’s power to investigate cognizable cases

Section 157 – Procedure for investigation

Section 158 – Report how submitted

Section 159 – Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry

Section 160 – Police Officer’s power to require attendance of witnesses

Section 161 – Examination of witnesses by police

Section 162 – Statements to police not to be signed: Use of statements in evidence

Section 163 – No inducement to be offered

Section 164 – Recording of confessions and statements

Section 164A – Medical examination of the victim of rape

Section 165 – Search by police officer

Section 166 – When officer in charge of police station may require another to issue search-warrant

Section 166A – Letter of request to competent authority for investigation in a country or place outside India

Section 166B – Letter of request from a country or place outside India to a Court or an authority for investigation in India

Section 167 – Procedure when investigation cannot be completed in twenty-four hours

Section 168 – Report of investigation by subordinate police officer

Section 169 – Release of accused when evidence deficient

Section 170 – Cases to be sent to Magistrate when evidence is sufficient

Section 171 – Complainant and witnesses not to be required to accompany police officer and not to be subject to restraint

Section 172 – Diary of proceeding in investigation

Section 173 – Report of police officer on completion of investigation

Section 174 – Police to inquire and report on suicide, etc.

Section 175 – Power to summon persons

Section 176 – Inquiry by Magistrate into cause of death

Six women out of 19 Delhi police officers getting Police Medals .A Delhi police officer who was involved in investigating the assault on former chief secretary Anshu Prakash is among the 19 city police personnel selected for Police Medals on the occasion of the 73rd Independence Day for their meritorious services. The 19 Delhi police personnel include six women officers.

Main drawback in Delhi police system

An estimated 20,729 Delhi Police personnel are drawing the salary of their senior rank but not getting the promotion they are entitled to, an RTI reply has revealed. The sufferers are dominantly constables and head constables but also include assistant sub-inspectors, sub-inspectors as well as inspectors- the five categories which constitute over 80 percent of the force. A Right to Information reply says that 7,282 constables are getting the salary of head constables but remain constables though 1,347 posts of head constables are vacant.

Conclusion
There is no doubt that Delhi police is the top law enforcing agency in india because it is governed by the central government of india and it has high technology weapons or cars etc but than also there is an some main points which makes a Delhi police weak like: burden of job ,salary is not upto work, promotion is not on time or mentally pressure etc. So in short we can say that more changes are required in Delhi police system.

Statute:
Criminal Procedure Code , 1973
The Delhi Police Act, 1978

Book Referred
Prof. N.V Paranjape Criminology Penology & Victimology

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