File Copyright Online - File mutual Divorce in Delhi - Online Legal Advice - Lawyers in India

The Burning Island: Sri Lanka

State of emergency has been declared in Sri Lanka. Social media websites have been banned and a curfew has been declared across the island. Before this thousands of people were out on the street protesting. There is a scarcity of fuel and food in the country. People are enraged and Sri Lanka is going through a major economic crisis. Many consider it a mere political and economic crisis but it's a lot more than that��.

Sri Lanka, a beautiful country named as the pearl of Indian ocean famous for its tea, gemstone, and tourist destinations. A country doing great in every possible index in all sectors is going through a rough patch due to some of its unplanned and untimely policies

Current situation of Sri Lanka

In February 2022, Sri Lanka foreign currency reserves were only $2.3bn which is a fall of $779m from December 2021. If a country has a low foreign reserves it is difficult for it to import goods with the present currency reserve in Sri Lanka it can import good to meet only one months needs only

Apart from this there is a debt payment of $4m due from Sri Lanka. Interesting fact is that the Sri Lankan economy relies on imports for the basic items like sugar, cereal, pharmaceuticals.

Because of low foreign reserves it is getting difficult to import goods which is leading to rapid inflation in the prices of these basic commodities. Inflation has grown up to 25% in the last one month.

Expenses have increased. There is a huge problem of electricity as well because fuel is imported from other countries which they are unable to import because of the law level of foreign reserves. As per the information gathered from natives, it is observed that the electricity is available only for hours a day. It has affected the newspaper and printing industries too.

People started fleeing from the country as it is being difficult for them to sustain in such an unhealthy environment in which they are unable to get even the basic amenities. India has given an additional 1 billion dollars credit line to Sri Lanka. It also swapped $400 million currency. With that Sri Lanka has sought help from China as well to restructure the debt repayment agreements. The Lankan president also went to world bank and IMF for credit support

Reasons behind the worst situation of Sri Lanka nowadays

In 2018, Sri Lanka was a top tourist destination around the world. Even 2018 is considered as the record breaking year for the tourist industry of Sri Lanka. In April 2019, some bombings took place in Sri Lanka, known as Easter day Bombings. Three hotels and churches were burned at different places and approximately 270 people died with 45 foreign Nationals. According to the evidences, the bombings were done by 8 suicide bombers which were from a large anti-national Islamic group.

With this incident Muslims started getting vandalized by the people of other communities. Religious tensions were increased which ultimately caused a negative effect on the tourist industry of Sri Lanka. A large part of Sri Lankan economy being dependent upon tourism got affected.

There were some political mistakes as well. In the 2019 election when Gotabaya Rajapaksha became the President of Sri Lanka, he promised mainly two things, that are rapid economic growth and reduction in the value added tax(VAT) to half. The ground where he lacked was timing and planning. On 1st December 2019, when the tax was reduced, the Sri Lanka economy started facing a high revenue loss. Public Debt rose from 95% of GDP in 2020 to 119% of GDP in 2021.

Gotabaya Rajapaksha threw a masterstroke and declared a complete ban on synthetic fertilizers and pesticides overnight. He tried to make Sri Lankans agriculture 100% organic.

Taking such a bold decision with adequate planning can not in any way give the desired fruitful results.

As far as the problem of foreign debt is concerned, it is not a recent phenomenon for Sri Lanka. It has a historical background, in 2017 itself the island's total debt stands at $64 billion in which 95% of the government's revenue was spent as a repayment. In March 2020, the debt was $51 billion and was also under a lot of debt from China.

If we look at the evidence, Hambantota International Port comes into play. In November 2010, this port was built at a cost of $1.3 billion. After a year, Sri Lanka found it very difficult to repay this debt which he took from China and decided to privatize the port up to 80%.

Moreover the value of Sri Lankan rupees has fallen a lot. In March itself the value of Sri Lankan rupees in terms of $1 was 200LKR and now it has fallen up to 300 LKR, which means that the imports have become expensive for the country.

Talking about the political situation, there has been a dynasty rule over the Government of Sri Lanka and this is a huge problem for the country as no other has got the chance to come into power and change the pre existing ideologies.

There has also been a ethic conflict among the citizens of Sri Lanka. The Sinhala community which constitutes 74% of the total population of Sri Lanka wants Sinhalese language to be declared as the official language of the country and wants to rule the country. Due to this demand, many atrocities have taken place which lead to a lot of tension among the people and eventually traders and merchants from outside the country fear in setting up industry in the country.

In the nutshell, what the people as well as the economy needs is a new system of planning and a new form of government which can work for the best of its native. The duty of the state is to provide basic amenities and a sustainable living condition to its citizens and unfortunately the current government is unable to provide it, a change is must.

Law Article in India

Ask A Lawyers

You May Like

Legal Question & Answers

Lawyers in India - Search By City

Copyright Filing
Online Copyright Registration


How To File For Mutual Divorce In Delhi


How To File For Mutual Divorce In Delhi Mutual Consent Divorce is the Simplest Way to Obtain a D...

Increased Age For Girls Marriage


It is hoped that the Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021, which intends to inc...

Facade of Social Media


One may very easily get absorbed in the lives of others as one scrolls through a Facebook news ...

Section 482 CrPc - Quashing Of FIR: Guid...


The Inherent power under Section 482 in The Code Of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (37th Chapter of t...

The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India: A...


The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is a concept that proposes the unification of personal laws across...

Role Of Artificial Intelligence In Legal...


Artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing various sectors of the economy, and the legal i...

Lawyers Registration
Lawyers Membership - Get Clients Online

File caveat In Supreme Court Instantly