Gyanvapi mosque, located close to the iconic Kashi Vishwanath temple in Varanasi,
is currently coping with a legal war. A close by court docket docket ordered the
sealing of a pond withinside the mosque complex after legal professionals
representing the Hindu petitioners claimed that a 'Shivling' was decided there
in the course of the court docket docket-mandated videography survey. However, a
mosque manage committee member has disputed the declare.
There are severa
special such anciental places in India that have been withinside the limelight
of overdue. Questions are being raised over how and wherein they have been
constructed. Some of these internet webweb sites are well-known visitor places
and lakhs of human beings from in the course of the globe visit them. Here in
this article, we're going to tell you more about anciental webweb webweb sites
which may be surrounded via controversies.
The Gyanvapi Mosque became constructed in 1669 beneathneath the reign of Mughal
emperor Aurangzeb. He ordered the demolition of the antique Vishweshwar temple
and the improvement of a mosque in its location.
This is also stated in AS Altekar's 1937 ee-e-book History of Benares: From the
Earliest Times Down to 1937, which was written even as he was the top of the
Banaras Hindu University's Department of Ancient Indian History and Culture.
The temple's plinth was stored unaltered and functioned due to the fact the
mosque's courtyard. One of the walls was spared as nicely, and it have grow to
be the qibla wall, the mosque's most difficult and important wall coping with
The mosque was constructed the usage of materials from the demolished temple.
The mosque's name is idea to have come from a nearby nicely referred to as the Gyanvapi, or Well of Knowledge. Instead of coping with the sanctum sanctorum of
the temple, an antique sculpture of the Nandi bull withinside the enclosure of
the present day Kashi Vishwanath Temple faces the mosque's wall. It is idea that Nandi stands coping with the antique Vishweshwar temple's sanctum sanctorum.
The mosque isn't an ASI-covered shape, and the ASI has no involvement in its
renovation or upkeep. Kashi Vishwanath Temple The actual date even as the temple
was to begin with built is uncertain.
When Qutb-Uddin Aibak overthrew the Raja of Kannauj in 1194, his troops
demolished the actual or oldest Vishwanath temple. The temple was over and over
constructed and destroyed in many instances after that.
During the latter Mughal duration, Raja Jai Singh II of Amer restored the temple
for the fourth time (the 1730s). He was the empire's governor and senior mansabdar at the time, and he multiplied Varanasi's ghats and built the Jantar
Mantar. Malhar Rao Holkar, the Maratha ruler, devised a plan to break the mosque
and rebuild the temple in 1742. This plan, however, was prevented via the then-Nawab
of Awadh. Ahilyabai Holkar, Malhar Rao's daughter-in-regulation, built the
present day temple next to the mosque in 1780. The temple is built withinside
the Nagara style, which houses the sacred Jyotirlinga.
The maximum vital temple is original like a quadrangle and is flanked via
smaller shrines dedicated to particular gods. The Jnana Vapi (facts nicely) is a
minor nicely at the temple that stands to the north of the number one temple.
Petitioners have claimed the mosque on severa occasions, claiming it's a long
way the actual holy Hindu worship internet internet site on-line. Apart from the Ramjanmabhoomi Temple-Babri Masjid internet internet site on-line in Ayodhya,
the VHP's Ram Temple advertising marketing campaign moreover planned to
"liberate" the Kashi-Vishwanath Temple-Gyanvapi mosque internet internet site
on-line and the Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi in Mathura.
Places of Worship Act And Dispute
The Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act, 1991, states that The man or
woman of all places of worship, except the most effective in Ayodhya that was
then beneathneath litigation, need to be preserved as it was on August 15, 1947.
No encroachment of the type of location previous to that date can be challenged
in court docket docket. On May 12, 2022, the Varanasi court docket docket, in a
landmark judgment on the Gyanvapi mosque, refused to dispose of endorse
commissioner Ajay Kumar Mishra, who was appointed for the survey of the mosque,
and ordered a survey of the basement of the Gyanvapi mosque in advance than May
17. It is a well-known perception that the Gyanvapi Mosque was built in 1669 via
the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb via demolishing the anciental Vishweshwar temple. It
is clearly nicely really well worth mentioning that in Saqib Khan's ee-e-book
'Yasir Alamgiri', it's additionally cited that Aurangzeb had demolished the
temple in 1669 via ordering Governor Abul Hassan.
The case of Gyanvapi mosque has been in court docket docket thinking about 1991,
even as three persons, which incorporates Pandit Somnath Vyas, a descendant of
the clergymen of the Kashi Vishwanath temple, filed a in shape withinside the
court docket docket of the civil pick out of Varanasi claiming that Aurangzeb
had demolished the temple of Lord Vishweshwar and built a mosque on it simply so
the land need to be once more to them.
On August 18, 2021, withinside the same court docket docket in Varanasi, five
ladies had filed a petition disturbing to worship withinside the temple of
Mother Makeup Gauri, accepting which the court docket docket constituted a
charge to apprehend the present reputation of the Makeup Gauri Temple.
In this context, the court docket docket had asked the court docket docket to
provide the survey record via videographing the idol of Makeup Gauri and the
Gyanvapi complex, which has created an uproar, as questions have been raised on
the impartiality of the court docket docket commissioner appointed via the
Muslim aspect for the survey.
Vijay Shankar Rastogi, performing for the Hindu aspect, has submitted a map of
the whole Gyanvapi complex as evidence withinside the court docket docket, which
mentions the temples of Hindu-deities spherical after the entrance of the
mosque, similarly to the Vishweshwar temple, Gyankoop, the large Nandi and the
basement of the Vyas family. There has been a hassle over the survey and
videography of this basement.
At the same time, the Muslim aspect says that no choice can be given on the
dispute beneathneath the Religious Places Act of 1991.
Under Section 3 of the Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act, 1991, it's a
long way prohibited to convert a place of worship, even its clause, into a place
of worship of a particular religious denomination or a particular beauty of the
same religious denomination.
Section 4(2) of the Act states that each one litigations, appeals or special
complaints concerning changing the individual of the location of worship (which
have been pending till August 15, 1947) shall cease after the enactment of this
Act and no smooth motion can be taken on such instances.
However, if the exchange withinside the character of the location of worship has
occurred after the reduce-off date of August 15, 1947 (after the act came into
pressure ), legal motion can be initiated in that case.
The Ayodhya (Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid) was exempted from the Act.
The maximum vital controversy spherical this mosque is that Hindus argue that it
was built via demolishing a temple on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.
The mosque was built withinside the year 1664.
A organization of ladies has filed a petition trying to find permission to offer
each day prayers at 'Maa Shringar Gauri Sthal' on the outer wall of the Gyanvapi
According to a record in India Today, the number one petition was filed
withinside the year 1991 withinside the Varanasi court docket docket.
The petitioners, on the facet of close by clergymen, had sought permission to
worship withinside the mosque location.Later a petition was filed via a Varanasi-based
totally absolutely legal professional in 2019.
The Supreme Court of India has ordered the court cases on Gyanvapi Mosque Survey
to the trial courtroom docket to live for these days- May 19, instead, the apex
courtroom docket will pay attention the problem on May 20, 2022. The listening
to became due these days after the survey file became submitted claiming that a
shilling has been discovered interior Gyanvapi Masjid Complex.
The Supreme Court of India in advance on May 17 had introduced that it's going
to pay attention a important plea of the control of the Gyanvapi Mosque in
opposition to the survey of the Gyanvapi-Shrinagar Gauri Complex in Varanasi, UP
on May 19.
The apex courtroom docket needed to pay attention the problem amid an vital
improvement with a Varanasi courtroom docket on May sixteen directing the
district management there to seal the spot of the survey in Gyanvapi Mosque in
which allegedly a Shivling has been discovered with the aid of using the survey
Supreme Court resumed the listening to withinside the Gyanvapi Masjid case on
May 20, 2022, after it had adjourned the problem for a day. In its judgment, the
apex courtroom docket ordered the switch of the Gyanvapi Masjid case to the
Varanasi District courtroom docket and directed that the trial of in shape for
worship in the mosque be treated with the aid of using the district judge. The
courtroom docket additionally presented recommendations to preserve peace and
The Allahabad High Court on May 20, 2022, adjourned a listening to into the
Kashi Vishwanath temple-Gynavapi Mosque case until July 6.
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