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Role of NGO In Rehabilitation of Juveniles

Types of Juveniles
There are two types of Juveniles under the Act.
1. 1. Child in need of care and protection;
2. 2. Delinquent Child.

The term child in need of care and protection is described under sub-section 14 of section 2 of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of children) Act, 2015.

According to ‘Google’ juvenile means “for or relating to young people, Childish or immature”.

And the term Delinquent Child or Juvenile Delinquency, according to Black’s Law Dictionary means, The wrong doing of youth or children. And under the Act it is referred to as a Delinquent Child.

Role of NGO’s in Rehabilitation of Juveniles
As we all know that Adolescence is that period where a child is filled with enormous confusions, and they are not able to differentiate between right and wrong. At this stage they are like a piece of clay to which their behavior, the society, the the neighborhood, the friends and family, the teachers or any other person with whom the child interacts, plays an important role in order to mold one’s character from bad to good or vice-versa. It’s a time filled with rage and impulse. The National Crime Record Bureau’s (NCRB) data shows that there has been a the rampant increase in crime rate for juveniles.
There are many NGO’s in India as well as in the state of J&K, which are currently working for the rehabilitation of the Juveniles, in the state or in the country.

Save the Children
If we look at the ‘Our Projects’ section in “Save the Children’s” official website, it says that they are most of the time asked about, why people should donate to Save the Children and what is the impact which it is making in reality?

Then they say that they have a list of some key programmes which they are currently running. The NGO has an ‘area-driven’ approach. Through the support of the donors, they are running 59 programmes in 19 states of India.

It was only possible through the help of these donors that ‘Save the Children’ has changed the lives of more than 1 crore Indian children since 2008.

They mainly focus on five thematic areas:
Ø Child Protection;
Ø Health & Nutrition;
Ø Education;
Ø Humanitarian Response & Disaster Risk Reduction
Ø Child Poverty.

This five-fold programmes are not only reducing the possibilities of the child delinquency or feasibility of adult criminals but are in actual sense rehabbing the juveniles or for that matter rehabbing ‘the child in need of care and protection’.
As Dr. Seuss once said, “Adults are just outdated children.” So the children need the care, protection, and rehabilitation.

Nelson Mandela said There can be no keener revelation of a society’s soul than the way in which it treats its children.
Rehabilitation of Juveniles

In the above picture, it is visible, that the work of this NGO in rehabbing the Juveniles around the country have been way more helping. And the data in this picture only marks the work done in the year 2017-18. This NGO has done a very good job in the rehabilitation of the Juveniles in the past as well. This picture actually shows that this NGO reached to 2.3 Million children directly or indirectly. By focusing on the cause of child delinquency, like Poverty, Education, Humanitarian Response & Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), Health and Nutrition, they are evicting the future criminal or ‘delinquent child’, along with which they are also rehabbing the ‘child in need of care & protection’.

Kareena into a Leader

Building Kareena into a Leader from ‘A Girl Next Door’

Rabindranath Tagore said Every child comes with the message that God is not yet discouraged of man.

Kareena, a 14-year-old girl having ambitions to do something in her life, to do something for her family, to work for her society, was told to lend a helping hand and contribute towards her family income by which there came a standstill on her education. This NGO identified her case and made her a member of the Children’s group in her community. She participated in many programmes and training on child rights on state-level. These training immensely helped her. Today she is a flag-bearer of the campaign against the malpractice of child labour in tea estates.
This is just one story from their countless number of achievements, which they have provided to the nation. There lay many more stories of success.

By these services, they are not only protecting or rehabbing the children’s but they are actually securing and protecting the future of this nation. They focused on safeguarding the rights of children in Assam. They also addressed the social evil which is still prevailing in our society like child marriage.

Mahatma Gandhi said: If we are to teach real peace in this world, and if we are to carry on a real war against war, we shall have to begin with the children.

This NGO is also working on reducing the child mortality rate. Along with which they are also addressing the child malnutrition in the first 1000 days after the child is born.

Mother Teresa said “It’s the greatest poverty to decide that a child must die so that you may live as you wish.”

It was nearly impossible for my little child Nikhat to survive without Save the Children’s support – Gulnaz Shiekh, Mumbai.

And this is not the only case, there are number of other examples of the same nature, where this NGO came forward and helped the children. This programme has reached around 30,000 beneficiaries in the Shivaji Nagar area of Mumbai.

Taking education to the doorsteps of children:
Save the Children’s project ‘Quality education for drop out and irregular children from urban slums and squatter colonies in Kolkata’ reaches out to children in the age group of 3 to 10 years (pre-primary and primary sections). They work in close coordination with stakeholders like Department of Education, Sarva Shiksha Mission, Kolkata Primary School Council and other policymakers to advocate for and implement the Right to Education Act in full force.

Learning through technology:
Using Information Communication Technology, Save the Children undertook an initiative to improve the quality of education for underprivileged children at 10 Government Primary Schools of Haveli District, Pune. This project has helped more than 1,500 students and 80 teachers.

Oscar Wilde said: The best way to make children good is to make them happy.

There are many more NGO’s out there to work for children. Like;
1. Child Rights and You (CRY).
They are working since 1970 for child welfare, helping to educate them, eradicate child labour and child abuse.

2. Katha.
It provides quality education to underprivileged children.

3. Smile Foundation.
This organisation works for education, healthcare and livelihood.

4. Childline India Foundation.
It is India’s first free emergency phone service for children in need of aid and assistance.

These NGO are working tirelessly, day and night, 24x7 for those children who are in need of care and protection or the delinquent child. They work for the betterment of these children from the time they are born and continue to help and support them, whether economically, educationally, and socially or in terms of health care facilities. By this way, they reduce the possibilities of child delinquency. These NGO’s play a vital and essential role in betterment and rehabilitation of children; because when a person has a better present he has a better future. These NGO’s are eviting the child delinquency by implementing these programmes.

Mahatma Gandhi said: The future depends on what you do today.

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