History Of Democracy
"hat these dead shall not have died in vain- that this nation, under God,
shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the
people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth" -- Abraham Lincoln the
Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863
What is Democracy?Democracy means rule by the people. The name is employed for various sorts of
government, where the people can participate within the decisions that affect
the way their community is run. A democratic government is a system of
government that is elected by the whole adult population, people over the age of
18 years. They do this by choosing someone to represent their community at an
area , state, and federal level. The purpose of the elected government is to
protect the people and promote their rights, interests, and welfare to the
benefit of everyone.
Where the term democracy derives from?The word democracy originated in ancient Greece over 2400 years ago.
'Demos' means common people
'Kratos' means strength
Democracy as we know it today as freedom system of government in which citizens
exercise power directly or elect representatives from amongst themselves. The
term democracy first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical Fort
in the city state of Athens during classical antiquity even the word democracy
comes from the agent Greek language demos meaning people and kratos meaning
strength, Athenians established what is generally held is the first democracy in
580 - 507BC.
Cleisthenes is known as the father of Athenian democracy Athenian
democracy took the form of a direct democracy and it had to distinguishing
features the random selection of ordinary citizens to fill the few existing
government administrative and judicial officers and the legislative assembly
consisting of all the senior citizens. All eligible citizens were allowed to
speak and vote in the assembly which set the laws of the city state however
opinion citizenship excluded women slaves foreign so wasn't that free of world
in voters we know today but it was a good start.
The Roman Republic contributed significantly to many aspects of democracy only a
minority of Romans for citizens with votes in elections for representatives
additionally the Roman model of governments inspired many political thinkers
health centuries and days modern representative democracies imitate more the
Roman the Greek models because it was a state in which supreme power was held by
the people and their elected representatives and which had an elected or
nominated leader another example that the natives in North America which between
around 1450 -1680 AD also develop the form of democratic society before they
came in contact with the Europeans this indicates the forms of democracy may
have been invented in other societies around the world in medieval times most
regions in Europe or ruled by clergy or future loads almost no democracy remain
from the ancient Greeks or Romans the parliament.
The first English parliament was created in 1265 starting separation of powers
in state many laws and rules are made after this event in the whole of Europe
the power of kings began to fade to local nobles and afterwards to the people
after some centuries the case of proclamations in 1610 in England decided that
the king by his proclamation or other ways cannot change any part of the common
law or statute law all the customs of the realm awesome after World War One
Austria Hungary and the Ottoman Empire collapse giving the opportunity to
oppressed nations to be free in 1918 the United Kingdom granted the right to
vote to women and in 1928 granted women and men equal rights in 1920 women stop
the right to vote in the United States and in 1944 in France 1920 for granted
full US citizenship to Americas indigenous peoples.
History of direct DemocracyOne strand of thought sees direct democracy as common and widespread in
The earliest well-documented direct democracy is claimed to be the Athenian
democracy of the 5th century BC. The main bodies within the Athenian democracy
were the assembly, composed of male citizens; the boul, composed of 500
citizens; and therefore the law courts, composed of a huge number of jurors
chosen by lot, with no judges. Ancient Attica had only about 30,000 male
citizens, but several thousand of them.
were politically active in each year and many of them quite regularly for years
on end. The Athenian democracy was direct not only within the sense that the
assembled people made decisions, but also within the sense that the people -
through the assembly, boul, and law courts - controlled the whole political
process, and an outsized proportion of citizens were involved constantly
publicly affairs. Most modern democracies, being representative, not direct,
don't resemble the Athenian system.
Also relevant to the history of direct democracy is that the history of Ancient
Rome, specifically during the Roman Republic , traditionally founded around 509
BC.Rome displayed many aspects of democracy, both direct and indirect, from the
age of Roman monarchy all the thanks to the collapse of the Roman Empire.
While the Roman senate was the most body with historical longevity, lasting from
the Roman kingdom until after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in 476
AD, it did not embody a purely democratic approach, being made up - during the
late republic - of former elected officials, providing advice instead of
The democratic aspect of the constitution resided within the Roman popular
assemblies, where the people organised into centuriae or into tribes - counting
on the assembly - and cast votes on various matters, including elections and
laws, proposed before them by their elected magistrates. Some classicists have
argued that the Roman Republic deserves the label of democracy, with
universal suffrage for man citizens, popular sovereignty, and transparent
deliberation of public affairs. Many historians mark the top of the Republic
with the lex Titia, passed on 27 November 43 BC, which eliminated many oversight
Ultramodern Direct Republic also occurs within the Crow Nation,
a Native American Tribe in the United States of America.
The lineage is organized around a General Council formed of all
voting- age members. The General Council has
the power to produce fairly- binding opinions through blackballs. The General
Council was first elevated in the 1948 Crow Constitution and was upheld andre-instated
with the 2002 Constitution.
Some of the issues girding the affiliated notion of a direct republic using the
Internet and other dispatches technologies are dealt with in
the composition one-democracy and below under
the heading Electronic direct republic. Further compactly,
the conception of open- source governance applies principles of
the free software movement to the governance of
people, allowing the entire crowd to share in government directly, as much or
as little as they please.
Direct republic is the base of challenger and left-libertarian
political study Direct republic has been supported by challenger thinkers since
its commencement, and direct republic as a
political proposition has been largely told by anarchism.
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