"The Constitution is not a mere lawyers document, it is a vehicle of life,
and its spirit is always the spirit of the age" -- Dr B.R. Ambedkar
The state is an "independent political entity". It is the largest of all
human associations. The state has four essential elements, namely population,
territory, government and sovereignty. There are various variations in the
population of the state but still, all are related to each other in the name of
the state. Everyone knows that this is their kingdom and they have to protect it
from external and internal disturbances. We need an armed force to protect the
state from external forces and for internal affairs, but in today's world, it is
not true that only an army, police or law and order is enough for the state.
Every state aspires to be a social welfare state.
The constitution represents the essence of the political system of a country.
When we look at the constitution of any country, we come to know that there is a
democracy, dictatorship, monarchy etc. in the country. For example, the old
constitution of Nepal shows that there was a monarchical political system but
now there is a democratic political system. Now we know that Nepal has a
democratic political system but how will the political system work? So the
answer is that the constitution also provides guidelines that govern decision
making within these cities.
The Constitution provides authority
If there is a state whose population is more than 100 crores, the people cannot
join together and work together all the time. It requires basic organs,
authorities or equipment to administer as a state. As we can also see in Article
21 of the Constitution of India, "Definition in this part, unless the context
otherwise requires, the State includes the Government and Parliament of India
and the Government and the Legislature of each of the States and all local or
other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the
Government of India"
Now the question is if we need these basic organs or authority then how will we
make these authorities and how much power should we give to these authorities.
We have to follow a check and balance policy that they should work in their
jurisdiction. We have to check that all the powers are to be separated. Like the
legislature should not come in the way of the judiciary to create independence
of the judiciary. The constitution ensures that all authorities do their work
without obstructing others in their work and also ensure that all authorities
cooperate with each other.
The Constitution protects us from ourselves.
If we want to make our society successful then we need a constitution. Let us
take the example of a cricket match if we play cricket without any rules the
bowler can throw the ball from the half-pitch, the batsman can say that I am not
out even if a fielder catches the ball. Anything can happen because there are no
rules in the game and it will be concluded that the game will not be over or
maybe the players harm each other. So we can say that the game will not be
Similarly, if a state does not have a constitution, there will be no rules and
without rules, the society will become like a forest. And the people of the
state will harm each other, one person may kill another, whatever the reason may
For example, one person may not like the other or one person wants to usurp
another person's property. So to ensure that any state becomes a successful
country, we need a constitution. The constitution not only gives us some
fundamental rights but also tells us about our duties. It teaches us about
cooperation, justice, liberty, equality, fraternity, sovereignty, socialism,
secularism, democracy and many other things.