The Uttar Pradesh Panchayat Raj Act, 1947 is Act 26 of 1947 passed by the
United Province Legislative Assembly on June 5, 1947 and received approval from
the Governor General of Dominion India on December 7, 1947 , which aims to
establish and develop autonomous local government in Uttar Pradesh and to
provide better spatial management and development.The law contains 119 sections
To ensure the devolution of democracy and the overall development of villages,
Article 40 is enshrined in the Indian constitution.
The Panchayat Raj Act 1947 authorizes a village panchayat to collect any taxes
or levies paid for the placement, maintenance and improvement of schools and
hospitals and to account for accounts and other functions assigned to the state
Section 1 provides that the Act will extend throughout Uttar Pradesh.
The various salient features of this Act are as follows:
Establishment of Gram Sabha This initiative provides for the establishment of a Gram Sabha village or
village group for the development of that village or village group.
Section 2 (g) of the Act defines Gram Sabha. It means a body established
under Section 3, which includes people registered in the election rows
relating to a village in the Gram Panchayat area.
Section 243 (b) of the Constitution of India defines Gram Sabha as a body,
consisting of persons registered in the election rows relating to the
village located in the panchayat area at the district level.
Section 3 provides that the State Government shall establish a Gram Sabha
village or village group with a nominal name. When the Gram Sabha was formed
by a group of villages, the name of the most populous village would be
called the name Gram Sabha. The purpose of the establishment of the Gram
Sabha was to develop a village or village group.
Functions Of The Gram Sabha - Section 11 (5):
- Volunteer mobilization and donations for social welfare programs.
- Identify beneficiaries of the implementation of community-based
- Provide assistance with the implementation of development programs in
Establishment of Gram PanychayatThe law provides for the establishment of the Gram Panchayat.
Section 2 (h) of the Act defines Gram Panchayat. It means that the Gram
Panchayat is made as an unfermented Section 12 of the U.P. Panchayat Raj Act,
1947. Basically a body formed for the purpose of managing the affairs of Gram
Section 12 (1) provides that the Gram Panchayar is located throughout the
Panchayat area, named after the Panchayat area.
The constitution of Gram Panchayat will not be announced unless Pradhan and at
least two-thirds of the members of the Gram Panchayat are elected.
Section 15 sets out its functions, some of which are:
- To promote and develop agriculture and agriculture.
- Development of plains and pastures.
- Assisting Government in Land Development.
- Manage and assist with the distribution of water from small irrigation
- Promotion of dairying, chicken piggery etc.
- Construction of fisheries in the valleys.
Panchayat DurationSection 12 (3) provides that the term of the Gram Panchayat shall be five years
from the date of its first meeting and shall no longer be subject to repeal
under Section 95 (1) (f).
Election to build Gram Panchayat will be finalized:
- Before the expiry of the five-year term; or
- before the expiry of the period of six months from the date of its
Where the remaining time spent by Gram Panchayat before the expiration of its
term will only continue for the remaining time of Gram Panchayat which would
have continued if it had not been so spent.
Pradhan OfficeThe law provides for the Pradhan of Gram Panchayat to be its Chairman.
Section 11-B -The Pradhan of Gram Panchayat shall be selected by the person
registered in the constituency rows of the Panchayat area among them.
In any general election of Gram Panchayat, Pradhan is not elected, and less than
two-thirds of the full member of the Gram Panchayat, State Government or an
officer authorize by it may, by order, be nominate:
In Safi-Uddin v. A.D.J, 1998 R.D.109, it was argued that Pradhan's election
could be questioned on the grounds that the candidate had produced a fraudulent
document for the seat.
- The Management Committee which contains such numbers of persons eligible
for election as members of the Gram Panchayat, as it may deem fit, or
- An Administrator
Section 11-B (6) provides that the term of office of Pradhan shall coincide with
the term of Gram Panchayat.
Pradhan and other members of the Gram Panchayat will receive similar benefits as
may be prescribed. The Act provides for reservation of offices of Pradhan for
the Scheduled Caste,Scheduled Tribe and Backward Classes.
Reservation for WomenSection 11-A (4) provides that not less than a third of the number of offices of
Pradhans including the number of offices reserved in Pradhan under subsection
(3), as the case may be, shall be reserved for women.
These are five salient features of U.P. Panchayat Raj Act,1947. Elections to the
Panchayats in most states are being held regularly.On practical level, people
are illiterate in India and they are actually not aware of these novel features.
The Panchayats are dominated by effluents in some parts of the country. The 3
tiers of the Panchayati Raj have still very limited financial powers and their
viability is entirely dependent upon the political will of the states.