You cannot give a lift to any unknown person on your vehicle
According to Section 66 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, one can only use a
vehicle for the purpose of which he/she has been granted permit by the Regional
or State Transport Authority, therefore, using a motor vehicle for giving lift
to an unknown person from one place to another is a commercial purpose, for
which permit is granted only to commercial vehicles. Therefore, a private
vehicle which has been granted permit for private use only cannot be used for
giving lift to any unknown person.
You cannot cross the yellow line to overtake
According to Rule 18 of the Rules of the Road Regulations, 1989, on roads which
have a yellow line instead of a divider, you cannot cross the yellow line in
order to overtake a vehicle moving slowly in front of you. This means that if
you cross the yellow line in between of a road which is to be treated as a
divider, to overtake another vehicle, it will be violative of the Rules of the
Road Regulations, 1989.
You must use working headlights after sunset or in insufficient light
According to Rule 105 of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, after half an
hour of the sunset and at any time when there is no sufficient light, the lamps
of the vehicle (in working condition) must be used and shall clearly render
persons and vehicle 150 meters ahead.
You must stop your vehicle (involved in any accident) when stopped by a
Police Officer of rank not below SI
According to clause (a) of Sub-section (1) of Section 132 of the Motor Vehicle
Act, 1988, if a person is driving any motor vehicle which is involved in any
accident to a person, animal or vehicle or of damage to property, then it is the
duty of the person driving that motor vehicle to stop his/her vehicle when
he/she is stopped by a police officer of the rank of Sub-Inspector or above. But
this is only for the cases where the motor vehicle is involved in any accident
and not otherwise.
You must not to prevent other vehicle from overtaking your vehicle
According to Rule 7 of Rules of the Road Regulations, 1989, when your vehicle is
being passed by or being overtaken by another vehicle, you cannot increase your
speed or cannot do anything to prevent that vehicle from overtaking you. This
means that if another vehicle is trying to overtake your vehicle, it is your
duty not to obstruct or prevent him to do so by increasing the speed or in any
other manner but let him overtake your vehicle.
You must not use vehicle creating unnecessary noise or having loud/harsh
According to Rule 21 of Rules of the Road Regulations, 1989, you cannot drive a
vehicle creating any unnecessary undue sound and also, you can neither fit nor
use in your vehicle, any multitoned horn giving a loud, harsh, shrill or
alarming noise, which is unpleasant to the ears of the other drivers on the
You must not use mobile phone in a disturbing manner
No driver of a motor-vehicle shall use or answer the cell phone while driving
the vehicle. Rule 21(6) of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989 states that if
the driver, while driving a transport vehicle, engages himself in activity which
is likely to disturb his concentration he would be guilty of the commission of
an act that ‘shall constitute nuisance or danger to the public’. Rule 21(25) of
the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989 states that the act of ‘using mobile phone
while driving a vehicle’ shall constitute nuisance or danger to the public.
You must not park your vehicle improperly
According to Section 122 of Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, No person who is the owner
or in charge of a motor vehicle should no park or rest his vehicle in such an
unusual way that it causes obstruction or under inconvenience to the general
Your vehicle must display number plate in proper form and manner
According to Rule 50 of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, The number plate
of the vehicle should be clearly visible both at the front and at the back. The
number plate should be a solid unit of 1.0 mm thick aluminium; it should be
rounded from all the edges as sharp edges may inflict injuries to the
pedestrians. It should also bear the letter IND in blue colour.
Suspension of permit if goods vehicle used for carrying passengers
According to Section 86(1)(e) of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, A permit can be
cancelled if the holder fails, without reasonable doubt, to use the vehicle for
which the permit was granted. As the permit is granted to carry goods so it
cannot be used to carry passengers in it.
You must have First Aid kit in your vehicle
According to Rule 138(4)(d) of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, Every
vehicle should have a First Aid kit in it containing a tube of antiseptic cream,
sterilised elastic plaster, sterilised dressings, waterproof plaster and elastic
bandage for wounds and burns.
You cannot drive left hand drive vehicles ‘generally’
According to Section 120 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, No person shall be
allowed to drive a left-hand drive car in public areas, unless and until it is
equipped with a working electrical or mechanical signalling device.
A driver cannot leave a stationary vehicle with its ignition on in
According to Section 120 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, No person can leave his
motor vehicle with ignition on in any public place unless it is mechanics have
been switched off or a hand brake is applied, or such measures are taken to
ensure that such vehicle won’t come in motion in absence of the driver.
You cannot cross the stop line before the Zebra crossing
According to Section 133(1) of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, no person driving a
car should cross the stop line before the zebra crossing when the traffic light
is red. As it obstructs the pedestrians who are trying to cross the road through
A child is treated as third passenger on a two-wheeler
Section 128 of the Motor Vehicles Act states that a two-wheeler rider is not
allowed to carry more than one passenger in addition to himself and that person
should be seated on a seat which is securely fixed to the said vehicle. This
section, however, does not specify the case if a couple is riding a two-wheeler
with a child. But the traffic police treat the child as a third passenger and
hence can issue a challan of Rs 2,000 in this regard.
Lesser-Known Rights Of A Driver Under Laws Related To Motor Vehicle
Right to refuse to hand over your licence
According to Section 130 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, when a police officer
demands licence from a driver of a motor vehicle in a public place, the driver
of that motor vehicle has to “produce” the licence, which means that you can
show your licence to the police officer but if you do not want to hand over your
licence to the police officer, you can refuse to do so.
Right to ask for temporary acknowledgement if licence is seized
According to Section 206, sub-section (2) of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, to
prevent the driver of a motor vehicle (who is charged with any offence under the
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988) from absconding, the police officer can seize the
licence of the driver and forward it to the Court taking cognizance of the
offence and the said Court shall return the licence to him in exchange for the
temporary acknowledgment (given under sub-section (3) of Section 206). A police
officer who is seizing a licence (under sub-section (2) of Section 206) has to
give to the person surrendering the licence a temporary acknowledgment which
shall authorise the holder to drive until the licence has been returned to him
or until such date as may be specified by the police officer in the
acknowledgment, whichever is earlier.
Right to produce documents within 15 days
In general cases, it is not compulsory to produce certificate of registration,
fitness and permit, insurance, the driving licence or any other relevant
document on demand by any police officer in uniform on the spot. If you are not
in possession of any of these documents, then according to Rule 139 of the
Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989, you can send these documents to that police
officer by post within 15 days of the date of demand.
Right to produce documents in electronic form
According to circular dated 17th December 2018 by Ministry of Road Transport
and Highways, an amendment in Rule 139 of the Central Motor Vehicles Rules
vide Notification bearing No. G.S.R. 1081 dated 2nd November 2018, allowed
production of documents such as certificate of registration, insurance,
fitness and permit, the driving licence, certificate for pollution under
check and any other relevant documents in electronic form with a view to ease of living for the
people. It has been considered necessary to prescribe a Standing Operating
Procedure (SOP) for the same so as to ensure its seamless implementation.
Right to refuse police officer to take out keys from ignition if you are
No police officer can snatch the keys out of the ignition of the vehicle, either
two-wheeler or four-wheeler. An RTI was filed by advocate Pawan Parikh, in
response of which, it was clarified that irrespective of the rank of the police
officer, he/she does not have the power to take the keys out of the ignition of
the vehicle and doing so is contrary to law.
Exemption from wearing helmet if you are a Sikh person, or are unable to
wear to helmet due to any surgery above his neck
According to Section 129 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, a person is exempted
from wearing protective headgear (helmet) if that person is a Sikh wearing a
turban while driving, or if that person is unable to wear protective headgear
(helmet) due to any surgery above his neck.
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, § 66, No. 59, Acts of Parliament, 1988 (India).
Rule 18, Rules of the Road Regulations, 1989.
Rule 105, Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989.
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, §132, No. 59, Acts of Parliament, 1988 (India).
Rule 7, Rules of the Road Regulations, 1989.
Rule 21, Rules of the Road Regulations, 1989.
Rule 21, Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989.
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, § 122, No. 59, Acts of Parliament, 1988
Rule 50, Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989.
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, § 86, No. 59, Acts of Parliament, 1988 (India).
Rule 138, Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989.
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, §120, No. 59, Acts of Parliament, 1988 (India).
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, § 133, No. 59, Acts of Parliament, 1988
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, § 130, No. 59, Acts of Parliament, 1988
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, § 206, No. 59, Acts of Parliament, 1988
Rule 139, Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989.
Circular No. F. No. RT-11036/64/2017-MVL dt. 17.12.2018, Ministry of Road
Transport and Highways, Government of India.
Devashish Bhuyan, Policeman Snatched Away his Bike’s Keys for No Reason,
What He Did Next Was Simply Amazing, RVCJ, (Apr. 17, 2021, 5:25 PM),
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, § 129, No. 59, Acts of Parliament, 1988