What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial Intelligence [AI] is a computer system able to perform tasks that
ordinarily require human intelligence. Many of these artificial intelligence
systems are powered by machine learning, some of them are powered by deep
learning and some of them are powered by very boring things like rules. This
comes with learning which involves garnering the rules and information for using
the data. Due to data based service industries it has become very popular and
How is Artificial Intelligence affecting our daily life?
Artificial intelligence is a technology that is impacting our lives in a
positive manner and which is also taking part in our daily issues like a
reminder for meetings, suggesting articles & news of our interest. In the near
future, its impact is likely to spread on entire database industries.
Artificial Intelligence has the potential to immensely modify the manner that
human interact, notsolelywith the digital world but also with one another,
through their work and through other socioeconomic institutions, for better or
If we are to ensure that the impact of artificial intelligence will be positive,
it will be essential that all stakeholders participate in the debates
surrounding Artificial Intelligence.
Why Artificial Intelligence is important for Indian legal framework?
In recent times we have seen artificial intelligence being implemented at a
small but highly effective scale in various Industries, from robotic concierges
in hotels to automated entertainment or in Cell phones. Artificial intelligence
has changed the shape of multiple industries.
The Indian legal sector has seen very little innovation in terms of technology
and lawyers these days still comfortable and relying on the methods and
solutions that were designed years ago. Artificial intelligence can play a big
part in changing the way lawyers operate and the law is looked at in India.
One of the biggest disruptions that can be caused by Artificial Intelligence in
law is that in the field of legal research. The Indian legal system is vast and
constantly changing and with the use of Artificial Intelligence, lawyers can get
unparalleled insight into the legal domain within seconds. Currently to get
legal research done a significant number of man-hours are required and this
significantly reduces the profit-making ability of a law firm, however, with
Artificial Intelligence the entire legal fraternity can be balanced. An
artificially intelligent platform for research can get research done in seconds
and be it a law firm with 400 lawyers or single practising lawyer, artificial
intelligence can balance the expenditure required for in legal research making
the quality of research uniform. It can provide lawyers with highly efficient
and advanced tools helping lawyers become better in advising clients or
A slew of Indian legal tech startups i.e. SpotDraft, CaseMine, NearLaw, Pensieve, Practice
League etc are building Natural Language Processing [NLP] based applications and
introducing next-generation legal research platforms that help law firms go
beyond simple, keyword-based research, thereby making it less time-consuming.
Many legal startups are fast rising in Artificial Intelligence research
capabilities, some of who have their own AI research labs.
What would be the face of future Law firms?
Over a previous couple of years, the legal industry not only India however
globally has seen a high growth within the level of competition. Now it has
become imperative for law companies to realize competitive blessings by
understanding the advancements in technology and client requirements. Those who
would flip a blind eye to those changes would, sadly, be obsolete within the
next few years.
Future Law Firms would be completely different from what we tend to see these
days. Let’s shed some light on a few characteristics of what the advanced law
firms would be like:
1. Innovations in servicing clients:
The way clients are serviced and treated would drastically change in the future.
Law Firms would approach their clients with some innovative ideas and more
authentic and economic legal solutions. Nowadays, in India Law Firms billed
their services based on the time is taken for it to produce the services or in
alternative words, the billable hour method, however, this billing method would
go obsolete in the future. To service their clients better, law firms would look
at innovating their pricing strategies and implement say a Performance-Based
Pricing Strategy [PBPS]: As the name suggests, this pricing model would be
extremely client friendly as client shall only pay once they achieve targets and
same would strengthen the professional relations between the clients and Law
2. Focus from Revenue to Higher profits:
Nowadays Law Firms have focused on increasing revenue and if we look closely the
competition between law firms have constantly been increasing and the demand for
legal services has been stagnant making growth in revenue extremely difficult.
Therefore, in future law firms would not focus on revenue, but on higher profits
3. Making Technology the foundation for growth:
In the last few years, we have noticed a significant introduction of new
AI-based solutions aimed at making the legal sector more efficient and client
friendly. From E-Discovery solutions to automation in contract drafting,
trademark search, various legal tech startups have come up to improve the lives
of a lawyer or firm. Artificially Intelligence based legal solutions help law
firms become more efficient and possibly reduce costs and gain higher profits.
The future law firm would not only adopt these technologies but will also work
in synergies with various companies to build AI-based solutions that could
further improve the legal sector.
4. High focus on brand value:
In future law firm would focus heavily on their brand presence. A piece of
sloppy or negligent advice from just a few people can easily damage a firm's
reputation therefore in order to develop the brand value law firm need to rely
on AI-based legal solutions and platform and tech-savvy lawyers. On the other
end law firms also need to organize more and more conferences and make their
appearance on cross border seminar and workshops.
Artificial Intelligence is not the replacement of a lawyer?
Nowadays there is a burning question among the lawyers that whether
Introduction of Artificial Intelligence in legal sector would replace the lawyer
and legal analyst or the AI-based solutions and platform would increase the
efficiency and productivity of Firms and Lawyers.
The legal sector has seen the introduction of many new solutions where
technology has improved the efficiency of lawyers, contract analysis, trademark
search software, legal research software and much more. However, none of the
AI-based software or program target to take a lawyer’s job and all the IA based
software and programmes are increasing the authenticity, accuracy of research
and analysis and the same are more result oriented now.
The legal profession is highly driven by analysis, decision making, and
representation which cannot be automated. AI-based software and programmes can
reduce a lawyer’s time and effort considerably and can help the lawyers and
firms give a more authentic and result oriented suggestion to their clients.
The legal industry is still developing in India and looking forward to more IA
based and automated assisting tools and software. However, these IA-based and
automated assisting tools and software are not going to replace the lawyer’s job
where analysis, decision making and stratification is required but would
actually make them more efficient & competent while automating various clerical
Areas where Artificial Intelligence are helping the legal industry
It is believed that artificial intelligence has great scope for Indian Legal
Sector and a combination of artificial intelligence and law will witness immense
growth in the near future. Currently, there are many fields or arena in which
artificial intelligence in law is proving to be useful these are as follows:
Due Diligence -
To review a contract, conduct legal research or performing
electronic discovery functions to do due diligence, AI legal software are
proving to be helpful and time effective.
Artificial intelligence legal software also predicts the
probable outcome of the cases being adjudicated before the Court of Law.
Artificial Intelligence provides for the data points from past
case laws, and also provides judgements and precedent law to be used by lawyers
in their present cases.
Automation of Documentation-
By just submitting the required documents which you
wish to incorporate in your legal document get your documents ready within
Tools of artificial intelligence helps in providing the
insights into the IP portfolios i.e. search and registration of a trademark,
Patent, Copyrights etc.
Artificial intelligence legal software also helps the
lawyer and Firms in preparing the invoices as per the work done by them. It
makes for accurate billing for the work done by a lawyer. Thus, helps both
lawyers and clients.
Artificial Intelligence’s Contribution To Human Productivity: Boon Or Bane?
There is a wrong assumption among the lawyers and Law Firms that Artificial
Intelligence or Machine Learning is a threat to their existence, or put simply,
that Artificial Intelligence is going to replace Lawyers. The evidence, from
other industries and verticals such as e-commerce, healthcare and accounting is
that Artificial Intelligence will only enable lawyers and law firms to do more
with less, to become way more productive than their predecessors.
I hope that the use of Artificial Intelligence would start from what is
traditionally known as the “Bar” and then shall extend itself to the “Bench”
wherein even Judges could utilize the power of NLP Summarisation to gather the
sum of the contentions of both parties Judges could quickly deduce which part
contains merit as per the Acts/Statutes and the latest case laws on the subject
of law pertaining to the dispute.
Based on the above discussion I don’t find a single reason for which Artificial
Intelligence is going to take over the jobs of professionals. In fact, IA based
program will make the professionals more productive, efficient, better, more
accurate and output focused.