As you know you are an important citizen of the country:
From my perspective, there are many problems created during the making of the
constitution Because our country exists various diversity like many religions,
caste, language, etc..
One of the biggest and most continuous issues that came before the newly formed
constituent assembly was language. Mahatma Gandhi wanted Hindustani to be the
official language of Independent India. He proposed Hindustani as a language
that was neither Sanskrit nor too much Arabic and person.
However, as the country went through a troubled partition phase and most of the
Urdu speakers went to Pakistan. The majority f the congress members now wanted
to impose Hindi ( the Sanskrit version) as the official language of India. This
period saw one of the most fairly contested debates between the Hindi speakers
and northern Indian and non-Hindi speakers from southern India West Bengal and
The issue of the national language was not fully sorted and a new issue was
raised in front of the constituent's assembly. The new issue was of the numeral
while the proponents of Hindi wanted to give official recognition to numerals in
Devanagari script, like of Shyama Prasad Mukherjee wanted to adopt Roman
numerals Shyama Prasad Mukherjee explained that the must adopt the international
numeral as it will help us in doing trade and commerce with the entire world. He
said it is virtually necessary to adopt Roman numerals for our Interests because
all statistics, Bank account, audits, scientific work for the use of
international numerals is necessary.
The non-Hindi speakers ready to accept Hindi as the national language, if the
Hindi speakers agree to their demands of adopting international numerals but
even this was not accepted by Hindi speakers. the language committee of the
constituent assembly suggests a compromise formula in its reports.
Question on adopting Hindi;
Hindi has spoken in around 13 different dialects. So debate arose as to which of
the dialect was to be chosen as the official Hindi dialect. Later, the Hindi
dialect was adopted which was the one spoken in the Delhi-Agra region with
Other members wanted Sanskrit to become the official language of the nation due
to its antiquity and rich vocabulary.
Two groups in the Assembly;
The whole assembly was divided into two groups, one which supported Hindi and
wanted it to become the official language and the other which did not favour
Hindi to become the official language. The assembly was at loggerheads.
Here are a few words regarding the language of the codes which is said by Mr.
Gopala swami anger
Law-making and law interpretations required amount of prisons and several
expressions and words or acquire a certain definite meaning and until we reach
that stage regard to the Hindi language and I don’t think presenting the Hindi
language is any numeric my feeling is that the English language is still from of
bed and last an interpretation of such law and not longer than 15 years.
Shankar deo of Bombay warned that the cry, namely, ‘one culture’ has dangerous
implications, and the very word ‘culture’ was dangerous. The Chief of the RSS
Organisation appeals in the name of culture. Some Congressmen also appeal in the
name of culture. Nobody tells us what exactly this word ‘culture’ means. Today,
as it is interpreted and understood, it only means the domination of the few
over the many… If you insist upon having one culture, then, to me it means the
killing of the soul of India. India stood for Diversity
, Deo said: That is
our richness… If you mean by national language one language for the whole
country, then I am against it.
Jaipal Singh of Bihar pushed for the recognition of the tribal languages of
Mundari, Gondi, and Orion in the Constitution.
P. Shubhramanyam Explain to the constituent assembly that these international
numerals are older than the Hindi numerals. An Encyclopaedia Britannica and said
one four and six I found in the Ashoka inscriptions of 3rd century before Christ
2,4,6,7 or 9 appeared in the Nana ghati inscriptions a year later. He said the
numbers of South have agreed to shallow 95% on the issue of national language
and yet his counterpart from the North is not ready to balance and make
compromises on the renaming 5%.
The numbers from South like Subramaniam and C. Rajagopalichari were facing is
this resistance in their home state and many sensible members understood the
gravity of the situation like Pandit Jawahar lal Nehru, Shankar Rao, and many
more. They fear that this was no longer an issue of North v. South
many non-Hindi speaking states like Punjab and Bengal also found the principle
of 1 nation and one language hard to shallow The Sikh community demanded Punjabi
be declared as the official language of Punjab.
Reports of the language committee ;
The language committee of the constituent assembly suggested a compromise
formula in it's report . In order to resolve the deadlock over the issue of
language, it advocated that hindi in Devanagri script should be the official
language of the country. The language committee referred Hindi as the official
language not the national language.
, instead of official
language; Hindi vs languages such as
Bengali, Telugu, Sanskrit, or Hindustani; Devanagari script vs the Roman script;
the language to be used in the higher judiciary and Parliament; international
numerals vs those in Devanagari script.
In the end, given that the country had no shortage of challenges to confront,
common sense prevailed, and things were left alone. And After several rounds of
debate and negotiations, it was decided that Hindi will be the national language
of India at the same time India will adopt the international form of numerals
will English will be the second language and enjoy state on par with Hindi for
the periods of 15 years.
Written by Tripti Singh from Noida International University, Greater Noida. In
this blog we are going to discuss on the controversial topic The language
problem during the constitute assembly of India.
- https://indiankanoon.org › doc