When the whole world is crumbling under the pandemic, Ethiopia, famously
known as the horn of Africa, is heading towards the civil war which is
axiomatically leading the humanitarian crisis in Tigray region.
Ethiopia is a federal country like India, Mr. Aabiy Ahmed Ali, a Nobel Peace
Prize winner had become the Prime Minister of Ethiopia just a year ago and
recently he had launched a major military operation towards the Northern region
of Tigray. These military operations are causing the civilians of Tigray to
migrate towards Sudan.
Mr. Aabiy Ahmed Ali, launched the military the operation against Tigray due to
Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) which was dominating political party in
Northern region of Ethiopia.
TPLF won the provisional elections in Tigray region which the Abiy government
denied accepting and declared the election unconstitutional. In retaliation,
TPLF attacked the Military bases setup near Tigray region and tried to loot the
All these gradual acts of TPLF led the Aabiy Government to launch the military
confrontation in Tigray due to which State emergency has been imposed in Tigray
consequently the political relation between Union and State in turmoil.
Civilian's Grief and International law
The war is not just between two political powers, the civilians of Tigray are
also facing the crises, the military operation initiated by Aabiy Government had
led the life of civilians in misery, they had started migrating towards Sudan
around 40,000 refugees have crossed the Sudan border.
The UNICEF urges from parties in the conflict that children must be spared from
this, around 5 lakh people live in Mekelle and half of them are children.
Tigray has started facing a shortage of food, water, already the electricity and
telecommunications were shutdown and road are closed, the airstrikes done by the
Central government letting the life of civilians in danger. The six month State
emergency had led the Civil and Political Rights suspended in conflicting
As per the report of Amnesty International, the conflicting parties had killed
civilians also in amid of the war, hundreds of people stabbed to death and
massacre of very large number of labors.
The civil war led to the suspension of preemptory rights, which includes
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) International
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and other jus cogens norms.
At present the law applicable in Tigray region is International Humanitarian
laws since they are involved in armed conflict.
In International Humanitarian law, the civilians are excluded from the war and
neither party can attack on civilians, but in Tigray region the civilians are
killed in amid of this civil war which expedites violation of Humanitarian laws.
It was an unexpected move form a Nobel Peace Prize winner, that he can take such
violent steps against his own country people.
The Civil war in Ethiopia had adversely affected the life civilians, and the
accountability has now started shifting from one to another, which will keep on
going with time, but there is no doubt that the rehabilitation of citizen in
Tigray will be a long process. Until then it is expected from Sudan, that they
show amicable attitude towards these migrants.
This civil war is violating all the peremptory norms, which are fundamental to
an individual for living. It is expected that once the stability and peace is
restored in the Tigray, then whosoever runs government the northern region of Tigray,
must work for the civilians who lost their homes.