The first education policy was introduced in 1968 under the president-ship of
Indira Gandhi whereas the 2nd policy was introduced under the president-ship of
Rajiv Gandhi in 1986. In 1992 this policy was modified by our former prime
minister of India P.V Narasimha Rao and now after 34 years the new education
policy was introduced, however, it has been not implemented yet. The most
groundbreaking incidence which took place in the Indian education system was the
introduction of " right to education" under article 21 of the Indian
constitution according to this article the child having the age of 6-14 years
can avail the benefit of free an un-compulsory education.
Evolution Of The New Education Policy
A sheer sudden move is not there behind the new education policy, in 2014 the
new education policy was mentioned in Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)'s election
manifesto. In 2015 the HRD minister, Smriti Irani made a committee whose
chairman was T.S Subramanian. The main objective of the report submitted by the
committee was to improve the quality, credibility and addressing the gaps of
implementing the education policy.
But anyhow nothing could happen concerning
these objectives. Later on, under the chairmanship of the former researcher, Dr
K. Kasturirangan formed a committee of 9 members, who made the draft of national
education policy, 2019 which was eventually passed as the new education
Changes Made Under New Education Policy, 2020
- Firstly the name of the Human Resource Development (HRD) ministry was
changed to the ministry of education.
- Secondly, the government declared that it would increase it's Gross
Domestic Product (GDP) investment in the educational sector from 1.6% to 6%.
- Thirdly the government also declared that by 2035 that the gross
enrolment will increase by 50%.
The above-mentioned numbers are only achievable when a dynamic change would
be introduced in the field of education
and hence the new education policy was introduced where the academics, vocation
and the co-curricular activities are given equal filling moreover the freedom to
develop the skills in whatever was given to the children.
Analysis And Interpretation
Changes In School Education
Firstly would like to throw light on the existing education structure in which
the students should be enrolled in 10+2 structure. But according to the new and
revised academic structure, 10+2 is broken down to 5+3+3+4 structure.
structure corresponds to the age group of 3-6 and 6-8 years, 8-11 years, 11-14
years and 14-18 years respectively. Secondly, the students from class 6th would
be taught coding moreover the students will be given an option to study in
mother tongue till 5th standard. The most important change in NEP is that a
360-degree progress card of each student would be made in which academics,
practical, curricular and co-curricular skills would be given equal fillings.
Changes In Higher Education
Under this head the NEP has adopted a multi-disciplinary approach under which
holistic undergraduate programmes would be there in which flexible curriculum,
vocational subjects and inter-disciplinary combination of subjects would be
allowed, this means that the strict division of different streams like commerce,
humanities and science would not be there hence in the higher education the
students are free to make a combination of the subjects of their own choice.
Some more changes in the field of language were introduced such as Sanskrit
would be offered as an option in every subject and other classical languages too
would be available as an option.
The concept of the academic bank of credits was also introduced for the students
who think out of the box can use these credits earned and take a sabbatical from
their studies. To promote Multi-disciplinary education Multi-disciplinary
education and research universities would be made and to foster the research
culture the National Research Foundation would be made as an apex body. In
continuation of this Higher education commission of India would be introduced as
a dedicated and a sole body for higher education but this will not include the
medical and legal studies.
Changes For Teachers
To bring a change in the field of teaching, National Curriculum Framework for
Teacher Education, (NCFTE), 2021 will be made following National Council of
Educational Research and Training (NCERT) for the teaching education and till
2030 the minimum qualification for the teaching would be 4years integrated
Bachelor of Education (B.ed).
The main objective of the new education policy is to increase the education
standards to achieve the global standards of education so that every student
after their school career would be having some good practical skills in the
continuance of this some changes would be bought in the examination pattern of
C.B.S.E boards too that will test students core and application skills.
Moreover, all the differences between private and government schools and
colleges would be eradicated. At the end would like to say that there is a
difference between the framing of policy and implementation of the same,
therefore its too early to say something positive or negative about the new