India lives in a moral Vacuum. Bold Surgery is needed to treat the diseased
heart of a nation which was once great. It is a vast subject which has to be
looked at politically, socially and economically. In order to create renaissance
in India, Seven pillars are very important, which may be called as Seven
pillars of Redesigned India
A Sense Of National
The first and foremost of the seven pillars is a sense of national identity, but
it have not been found after 38 years of independence. We have millions of
Bengalis, millions of Maharashtrians, millions of Northerners and Southerners-
but very few Indians. Parochial loyalties and communal fanaticism are the order
of the day. They are a sure prescription for national disintegration.
The defences of our democracy may be impregnable from without, but they are
dangerously vulnerable from within. The Poets, the Patriots, the Prophets and
the Rishis who have loved India deeply and intensely have predicted that Indian
will acquire a sense of national identity and unity in the forseeable future.
Sri Aurobindo said:
I believe firmly that a great and united future is the
destiny of this nation and its peoples. The power that brought us through so
much struggle and suffering to freedom , will achieve also, through whatever
strife or trouble , this aim�as it brought us freedom, it will bring us unity. A
free and united India will be there and the mother will gather around her sons
and weld them into a single national strength in the life of a great and united
Maintenance Of Law And Order
The Second pillar is the maintenance of law and order, which is the basic duty
of every government. Law and order has broken down in most parts of India. It is
true that the government is on the horns of a dilemma as in a Greek tragedy;
whichever way they decide, they would be wrong. If they do not call out the
army, they would be unable to cope with disorder and bloodshed. If they do call
out the army fairly frequently, the very survival of democracy would be
In order to have an honest and efficient police force, it is importance that it
should be fully insulated from political domination. But in reality , in ,most
states the professional autonomy of the police force has been completely
destroyed by political directives, political influences and political
interferences. The only alternative is to make the police force as autonomous as
the Judiciary or the auditor �general. The Government cannot seek to influence
or give directives to the High courts or the Supreme Court or the
auditor-general, and the police are entitled to the same professional
A professional and honourable police force is valuable in every society, but
it is invaluable in a society like ours which is marked by three
characteristics- divisiveness, indiscipline and non-cooperation. Look at our
divisiveness. We must have something to divide us- religion, language, Caste or
whatever. If we have nothing to divide us, we would invent something which can
possibly feed our divisiveness. Indiscipline is somehow ingrained in Indian
We are all individuals, and not the citizens of a cohesive society.
The way we behave with total carelessness about public property, the propensity
to walk on the road rather than on the footpath, the motorist making the maximum
noise with the horn in the silence Zone- are some of the regular, maddening
manifestations of our total lack of discipline. Disorderly and undisciplined
conditions are fatal to development.
Non-Cooperation is the other distressing feature. People love not to co-operate
with the forces of law and order. When we were fighting for our freedom
,non-cooperation was a valuable weapon. But the persistence of this habit after
we became a republic is most reprehensible , whether it takes the form of
non-payment or evasion of taxes or any other form.
The third priority of a redesigned India has to be family planning. India can
never make significant progress so long as the population keeps on increasing at
the present rate. Family planning is not only desirable but amounts to a moral
duty both of the Government and the people.
It has been estimated that a couple at the level of subsistence must have an
average of 6.3 children in order to have a reasonable chance that one son
survives till the father is sixty �five years old. There is also the other
unfortunate fact that in parts of India female infanticide is prevalent as a
means of restricting the size of the family. There is no gainsaying the fact
that the problem is fraught with enormous difficulties. However, methods �humane
but firm and effective have to be found to restrict the rise in our population.
The fourth pillar is Education .It is closely linked to the necessity of family
planning- the lowest birth rate is in Kerala where the level of education is the
highest. Education is at the heart of the matter. Confucius wrote,� If for ten
years , Plant a tree. If for one hundred years, teach the people. Literacy is
not enough. It is good to have a population which is able to read, but
infinitely better to have people able to distinguish what is worth reading.
Education is a subject included in the concurrent list; but it is vital that
value- based education should become a national preoccupation. In 1983, the
commission for excellence in education, appointed by the U.S Government, warned
the American people in its report,� The Nation At Risk
The educational foundations of our society are presently being eroded by a
rising tide of mediocrity that threatens our very future as a nation and a
complacency is too overpowering to permit us to entertain such a self- critical
Constitutional integrity , which must be sharply distinguished from
constitutional fundamentalism, may be named as the fifth pillar. While Pakistan
has gone, in for religious fundamentalism , India�s besetting sin is secular
fundamentalism. We interpret our constitution as if it were an exercise in
We are intelligent enough to know full well that we are abusing and
mocking at the constitution by merely construing it literally . e.g When issuing
ordinances, or when the centre dismisses Governors or governments of States. But
we are so lacking in intellectual integrity that we pretend to have complied
with the Constitution.
The Sixth Column of a redesigned India should be egalitarianism. Fecund
egalitarianism is in sharp contrast to the moss- grown ,outworn creed of
Socialism. India would be the first country in the world to call itself not
socialist but egalitarianism. We are in desperate need of a new route �map.
Today, India is the poorhouse of Asia; it can and should , become the powerhouse
of the Continent. When a country is bumping along the bottom, there are only two
ways to make the economy buoyant change the policy and change the policy.
Egalitarianism means the investment of human and material resources in an
imaginatively planned manner which can contribute to the vitality and progress
of the whole nation, keep it in the mainstream of self- generating growth and
development, raise the standard of living of the masses ,and enhance the quality
of life. While ideological socialism is within the reach of any fifth-rate
politician, the translation of egalitarianism into action demands intellect and
knowledge, character and dedication of a very high order.
The late Mr. G.D.Birla once said:
�I am interested in anything that created
more wealth ,more employment . I am a capitalist, but I believe in a Socialism
which means equal opportunity more employment ,and fairer standard of living
for everyone. Socialism does not mean socializing poverty but raising the
quality of life for one and all.
Socially Responsible Business
�Socially responsible business
�may be termed the seventh pillar of a
redesigned India. What a transformation one could effect in this country if only
business houses were socially responsible! As Vinoba Bhave pointed out to a
group of Businessmen some years ago, in ancient Indian society , the businessman
was looked upon with respect for many centuries. He was considered to be next
only to the king.
The king was known as Shahenshah while the Businessman was
known as Shah. People confidently left their property with the businessman, when
they went for a yatra (pilgrimage). If they died, they were confident that the
businessman would make a fair distribution among the heirs. If they returned,
they were equally confident that the businessman could be trusted to return
safely all their properties.
Today the malpractices of many businessmen have made society hostile to the
class. Let the business community try to recapture that image of honour and
integrity which made the trader the repository of implicit public confidence in
centuries past. Therefore , all these seven pillars together can create a new
renaissance for shaping India's Culture,traditions and future.
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