has been seen occurring with more than a normal race in
every part of the world. This study focuses on highlighting the issues that
raise the cases of violence and rapes, caused through various activities. How
cases shift from report to the court is again a controversial issue in itself.
Justice system plays an important part in eradicating and creating more issues
for criminals to perform such activities and increase the rate of such cases.
The change in the legal and non-legal factors in the economy works
simultaneously in performance of the cases in the society like rape,
acquaintance rape and strange rapes. Everybody present plays some part either as
a victim or as a criminal in performing the acts. To reduce the Gap in Justice
of such cases it is important to understand as to what are causes for the
victims to arise in such cases.
This study would further tell you how society
and its norms and the ancient culture are strictly responsible in occurrence of
such cases. Acquaintance Rape is something even more shocking as with people you
spend your daily lives and suddenly their act makes them criminals in your life
is just hard to believe and accept. This study will also tell you that why such
rapist exists and for what purpose they solely do this job.
connection between the rape sensations, role of genders revisionism, and crime
executioner acquaintance was examined. Many students from different countries
wrote theories on the victims, crime executors, defaulters, neighbors,
boyfriends, husband etc who perform such crimes eventually.
Because of the
increase in the acquaintance level the scenario of punishments and victims'
rights has been infringed getting the boundaries of the rapes down. Women tend
to have more impartial behavior towards the punishments of the victim and the
men and minimizing the seriousness of the issue to the minimum.
Crime has become a relevant topic and a more serious crime topic to debate on.
Because of law enforcement in the economy and the country the crime rate should
degrade rather than increasing with a more rapid speed. Acquaintance Rape is
kind of rape which happens by a known person of the victim. Acquaintance Rape
tends to happen by the victims boyfriend, classmate, and co-partners in work,
family members, husband or spouse, doctor in-charge, therapist etc.
just not happens in one day or randomly with a thought it is pre-planned or
happens with planning of day to day activity whenever they meet. Most of the
acquaintance rape case happens when two people either go on the date, are
romantic or in a sexual relationship with each other. The punishments, fines and
legal dealing of the acquaintance rape are same as that of the random rape
cases. Acquaintance Rape often occurs from the age group of 16-25 years.
According to many surveys happened acquaintance rape are mostly attempted by the
known of the victim and the statistic report of them are same as that of the
strange rape happenings.
In ancient times people use to get rape, murder,
terrorism were the main offences which use to happen at that time. In those
times the punishments given for rape were very brutal, harmful, and full of
blood and were counted in the asset punishment. In 12th century eyes were given
right to take off the eyes of the offender and serve them to his main organ
herself which was set by the rulers of those times. In later period the scenario
took the other side of the coin as the rapes which were committed were not
treated as severe offence and use to get settle just by giving some monetary
fine in marriages or the offenders use to marry the victims.
In the medieval
period the girls were forced to marry strange mans and the consent of having sex
were no longer applicable and there was high chances of that girl to get raped
by her own husband. The rape culture of the women and young girls of the youth
were followed from the Greek mythology and is continued till today's date. In
Roman times girls were not directly raped they were kidnapped or abducted by the
Males. Sexual violence or sexual act was not common at that time, people used to
consider it secondary way of harming the girls.
Dictators at those times defined rape as forced sex, which was different from
sexual violence and abduction. Intercourse by force or extra effort despite of
it happening in favourable circumstances was considered unlawful and unethical
by the jurists from the ancient times. This was the history of the rape and
acquaintance rape occurring in the earlier 50s and 60s of times on the
Acquaintance rape acquires more than 60% of the strange rape
happenings that happen on daily basis. There have never been charges against the
marital rape; once the girl gets married the act of sexual intercourse was
totally permitted by the law and the family. In 1979, a Massachusetts man rape
case was the first acquaintance rape case in the history of the world. The man
forcefully had sex with his wife who wanted to get divorce from him because of
his absurd behavior. The acquaintance rape system started from 1979 and hasn't
stopped till yet. In 1988 an American feminist gave a statement on not calling
it a rape but straight hurting yourself by turning someone so badly.
person forces someone to engage into forceful sexual activity it is termed as
rape and whenever a person is known to another person it is termed as
acquaintance rape. The study states the fact that majority of acquaintance
rape offenders come from the age of 15-24 years. The facts also states that it
is not important that a victim is a girl always a men can also be raped and
forced into sexual activity by the relatives, friends or family to perform
sexual activity without his consent.
History has been carried forward from the
50s to the 20th century which involves the culture in the rural and urban areas
of punishing the girls for some reason by their husbands or the bosses or the
masters by forcefully having sex with them. Communication plays an important
role in every relationship to eliminate any wrongful doing. One should be open
about what they want from any kind of relationship and what do they actually
It has always been seen that girls are immature and shy speaking about
their desires which turn out to be harmful and at times gives wrong signals to
the men for whom they are blamed later. Acquaintance happens in a high rate
because everybody wants to portray a sophisticated image in the society despite
of catching signals coming from the known ones. Girls need be more open and bold
to deny the unwanted signals coming for their hurt and should say no unwanted
attention given by unwanted people.
Difference between Strange Rape and Acquaintance Rape
- Strange rape involves the more violent and vigorous way of
harming a girl during rape to satisfy ones desire in form of brutal
- Verbal aggression does not play a major but a minute role in the
strange rape phenomenon as both the parties barely know each other
so they don’t really have anything to communicate it is altogether
just a crime.
- No threatening or communicating was done before the attack or
crime was committed between the attacker and the victim. The rate of
such behavior is 43% in strange rape cases.
- Rough, painful, attacking, dangerous, death taking are the terms
used for strange rape cases as they are strictly an open and random
crime committed by the criminal or criminals.
- Social media or no prior contacting was done in these rape
- Strange rape can be performed by one offender or multiple
offenders as a gang rape but only once in the lifetime with same
victim as the crime cannot be committed twice when it is under the
eyes of the law.
- Strange rape are not performed by the family members as an
attacker is completely a strange person which happens to be in
- More screaming and shouting for help occur in the cases of
strange rape as this is more violent way of sexual assault and is
performed by a complete terrible person.
- Punishments decided by the law is more dangerous and life taking
in case of strange case offences as they are more violent and
traumatizing feature of crime like rape. Punishments like death
penalty life imprisonment are amended for offences like strange
- Strange rape cases occur with usage or intake of intoxicated
means like alcohol or drugs or maybe a bad day or news because of
which intoxicated means was used to forget such things. 75% chances
are because of intake of alcohol in such cases which makes it more
- After attacking the victim more guilt factor is found in
offenders in 68% cases.
- Acquaintance rape does not involve the purpose of violent
behavior but it is more of betrayal of trust and understanding
between the people.
- Verbal aggression plays an important role in attack of
acquaintance. For e.g. it has been seen that rapist during
acquaintance rape were done with aggressive communicating with the
victim like it is some kind of revenge or hate towards that person.
- Some threatening or regular communication with some slang or
information or blackmailing might take place between the parties
because of which it takes the scene of crime. The rate might extend
to 78% with the growing scenario.
- Revenge, hurt, sadness, love and hatred are the words used in
the cases of the acquaintance rape as that is not a meaningful
attack but more of anger and aggression between the parties.
- Some means of contacting like social media or phone was used
prior of the attack in these cases.
- The study states that acquaintance rape can only be performed by
one offender and can take place many times with the same victim by
the same offender and later turns out to be a rape attack or less
likely to be a rape attack.
- Acquaintance rape is mostly performed by a family member or a
known person as a father, husband, spouse, relative, friend, brother
or neighbor, boss employee etc.
- Less screaming and struggling was found in acquaintance rape as
compared to strange rape as this offence is less violent and
offender is known to the victim.
- Punishments and penalties decided by law are less dangerous in
comparison to strange rape punishments, as it is less violent
comparatively. Punishments like imprisonment for 5-10 years with
fine or aid or assistance to the victim are amended in the case of
acquaintance rape cases.
- In case of acquaintance rape no means of intoxication was needed
to perform such attack, as it was strictly with another motive
altogether. 10% chances occur because of the intake of intoxication
means like alcohol by the husband, boyfriend, lover etc.
- The amount of guilt factor required in such cases is
comparatively less in just 5% cases.
The study is still going on to differentiate between the psychologies
differences in both the cases but has failed every time as the concept in both
the cases is to satisfy oneself with the best way of their muscularity.
Types/ Categories of Acquaintance Rape
Date rape is the phenomena which takes place during the romantic sexual
relationship between the parties i.e. the offender and the victim. The offender
and the victim tend to know each other in a good way. Romantic night might turn
into a crime scene because of illegitimate and forceful demand of the attacker
on the victim with or without her consent. Sexual relationship on a date in not
what every woman desire or think of having it.
Some women or girls are
comfortable with the idea or some are strictly not comfortable and then it turns
out to be a forceful arrangement. Although Date Rape is a less violent and
hurtful means of sexual assault. It is more of fulfilling a person needs in
forceful manner. In 1980s a study stated the fact that all these cases occur
because of the less knowledge and awareness among the youth and men in the
society. The attitude and violence of society towards women instigated such
offenders to commit such crime or even think of it.
Till 21st century the court
stated the fact that consent once given cannot be withdrawn by the victim in the
rape cases. If a girl agrees to have a sexual relationship with a man during the
date and later deny it and claims that she is been raped is totally illegal and
is not counted in the rape category. 12.2% of date rape occurs in the
minority section and 9.1% occurs during their schooling and college time of the
victim and the offender.
2002 study stated the fact that these rapists do suck
act because of the desire they have against that women and their need to
dominate and overpower women with the show of their muscularity. Although it has
been stated by the court that date rape are those cases which are indecisive in
nature. Their trial can cause trauma and mental dissatisfaction to the victim.
The punishments of such crimes are decided after hearing the side of the
offender that why he performed such act of inhuman tendency. Such cases open the
opportunity to the law and law enforcement powers of the country to investigate
the matter with the full force and care.
Since 1991 Date Rape also grabs the
attention of the media to cover such awful crimes of the country and these cases
receive all the attention of the society. As far as these cases create a site of
attention and gossip among the people in the society they are more controversial
in their origin as no theory has been let out as to why these rapists commit
College Rape among Colleagues
Date rape is a part of Acquaintance Rape but large samples of acquaintance is
captured by the college students. According of the statistics of Bureau Justice
Most of such rape happens between the age group of 16 to 24 years and so large
population of it is covered by the college students. In 1987 it was found that
28% women went through some sexual assault by their colleagues in college and 8%
men accepted to perform such act during that age.
All this can also be proved
with the help of case happened in Hawaii during an English course in which 32
women were acknowledged to be raped by the boys during the college occasion,
offenders of such crime are saved by their family members stating that they are
kids at times things happen in immaturity or give the money to the money to the
police and save their children.
Although this is not an act of an immature child
or a kid, crime cannot be differentiated on the basis of the kid and grown up.
Sometimes college also takes part in diminishing the case as to save the
reputation of the college among the other colleges of the country and the world.
Because of this real offenders are saved from the crime and the case is left
untreated by the law. Girls in college are raped more than women and the rate is
4 times higher than that of the women. Lot of emphasis is put on identifying
women victim in the campus, but the study also found in the campus who has been
raped by the other men.
Rape during Parties/ Festivities/ Family Functions (Could also be a
Acquaintance rape can also occur during party or any festivity with
relatives or any family function. More often such rapes occur during a party of
youngsters where it can also turn into a gang rape by the friends of the victim.
Such offenders target intoxicated women or force them to get intoxicated with
Denial of the women can turn into a forceful attempt by the boys in the
party and can attack her sexually. Factors provided by the environment are easy
access to such crimes like availability of private rooms, alcohol or a party
place away from the city gives invitation to such crime.
Rape happens after the
date in the car or in any residence late. Strange rape tends to happen in
complete isolated areas and at complete strange place. Acquaintance rape
generally happens between friends or between family member or friend after a
party or a function maybe specifically in that party area in a empty room or a
rest room with or without intoxication of the parties.
Some Other Type of Acquaintance Rape Categories
- While studying or meeting same person for same reason quite often. (Non
party or Non date situation)
- Community Crisis-
Community also plays a major role in happening of such cases like their attitude
or theories towards a particular girl. A girl's reputation in society plays role
in turning eyes of men towards her. Communities always overpower men over women
which is totally a drawback for all women out in the society.
- Rape occurs because of prior intimate partners or a sexual desire
partner or a current intimate partner.
- Employer and employee relationship or means of getting in out of the job
can be because of the sexual relationship between them or if denied can turn
into a rape.
- Child or a young submissive as a girl can be raped by her master for
breaking the rules.
Causes/ Risks Involved with Acquaintance Rape Role of Drug and Alcohol in Acquaintance Rape
Alcohol plays a major role in Acquaintance Rape as intoxication is the main
cause of performing such acts. Most the Acquaintance rape happens between the
age group of 15-24 years i.e. during school and college life and they occur
because of the intake of alcohol in the campus or outside the campus. It is not
necessary that it is wholly consumed by the offender the consumption of alcohol
by victim can also turn scene into crime.
Victim can be intoxicated by the
offender in order to perform involuntary sexual activity about which the victim
gets to know later and turns out to be a rape activity. The rating states that
90 out of 100 Rapes and sexual activities are performed by someone close to the
victim i.e. Spouse, family member, friend etc. which involves the consumption of
alcohol or drugs by any of the parties in the act.
Alcohol is one that means but
other drugs that are used are Gamma- hydroxybutric acid (GHB), Ketamine,
Rohypnol, Ecstasy etc. which are used in some way or the other by the parties.
Any person who is intoxicated and get involved in the involuntary participation
in sexual activity is a victim to the crime. At times girls gets scared to
report the crime because of the consumption of drugs or alcohol but a victim in
a crime scene is a victim no matter any involuntary means has happened with her
during the crime.
Following situations happens after the consumption of Drugs and Alcohol
- After drinking men gets more sexually active towards girls-: The
research states that men gets to get more sexualized after drinking or doing
drugs which becomes difficult at times to control.
- Misinterpretation of the messages-: after drinking the messages
exchanged between the parties tend to get misinterpret by each other.
- Men believes the authentic thought that women gets more sexualized after
drinking which is actually a myth believed by men and is proved wrong.
- Men can also intake alcohol just to use as a means of justification
after misbehaving or misconduct towards women or a girl.
- Consumption of alcohol can misallocate a girl by offender and could be
asked to consume alcohol to take her to an isolated place.
- If a girl recognizes the action and wants to say NO to the performed
activity alcohol decreases the woman's ability to resists rape that is about
- Consumption of alcohol can result into declaring women more liable than
man in the rape cases
- Women in parties who keep on drinking can be misjudged by the men to
perform the activity of sexual assault. Is she is under the legal age of
drinking she can even be arrested by the police. Men can even make the
places of intoxication like bars, clubs, pubs etc safe for women by
consuming less alcohol and minimizing the fun in their attitude.
The tendency of blaming victims for their activity can always be two sides.
A victim might not be a girl always a male can too be sexually assaulted or
raped by the women and men. In 1987 a research states that sexual desires are
always two handed one by men and the other by the women. If girls are forced to
get sexually involved with a man boys are also forced by the women to fulfill
their desires. More sexual assault victims are from the age of 16-28 years as
men who are used to be sexually harassed by the big women or are raped by men to
satisfy their needs in an acquaintance. Rape activity by a friend, a relative,
date, college mate, family etc he can be forced to get into an unwanted sex or
attention by any one of them.
He is than a victim to the crime and is entitled
with some remedies and rights provided by the government and the law. Question
that arises in the mind of the male victim is that if he will report the crime
that happened with him then his muscularity would be challenged by the woman.
Assault that takes place with any gender is a crime.
There is shame in accepting if a crime is happened with you being a Male. As a acquaintance a case from
1980 was highlighted where a woman of 55 years indulge a boy of 19 years into
having sex regularly for months to satisfy her desires. It was later reported by
the family of boy when they found out about rape that was happening for months
as acquaintance rape by a known aunt.
She blackmailed the boy for providing him
with the money and branded clothes and stuff etc to satisfy her unwanted and
unauthenticated desire. Later after few days the boy denied then she started
blackmailing him of telling his parents about it on which boy was involuntarily
doing the act which turns out to be a crime in the eyes of the law.
- Ravi vs. State of Maharashtra 3rd October 2019
This case is related to the Acquaintance rape of two years old girl child. In
this case victim (2 years old girl) was missing from her house in the state in
Maharashtra. Her parents got worried and informed everyone in the house lane
regarding her missing. An informant named Azbar came to her house telling her
parents regarding the appellant those two hours back he was found drunk
distributing chocolates to children near temple. Her parents ran towards his
house and found the house locked from inside. The broke the gate and found him
lying inside and victim too was found lying on the floor. After the reports came
it was found that the girl was brutally raped by the appellant and she was
declared dead after the examination. The appellant was known to the victim
family as they used to live I the same lane of the colony. A 2 years old girl
was brutally raped by a 40-45 years old man. This case is the biggest example
how alcohol and sexual desire of a person makes him devil and treats girls and
women like an object to their needs. Delhi High Court declared death sentence to
the offender and was than in prison for the time being. The case was treated for
four years (2016-2019) and the courts and then the penalty was declared by the
- A Through her Father F vs. State of UP Thru Secretary
on 3rd November 2015
In this case A (victim) was brutally raped by M the accused. A and M are the
names given by the court to keep their identity under cover. M raped A who was
13 Years old minor girl and has no idea if her own uncle would rape her. She did
not even tell her family for 21 days as she was threatened by M that if she
tells family regarding this she and her father would be killed by the offender.
She got pregnant with the accused child which was later known by her family.
This case went into the court and different petitions and sections of IPC and
Constitution was charged regarding the property and claim for unborn child.
Acquaintance happens when it is completely unexpected by a known person.
girl who was about to start her life with care and dreams got into a severe
medical trauma after the happening. The court state that an innocent helpless
was forcefully raped by an old man and this case should be an opening guiding
light for all such victims out in the society. the court cannot shut its eyes
towards the happenings of such cases where a girl is so much accused and beaten
by the accused and that too an known one. Court has asked for more amendments in
the rape laws to close the eyes of such offenders and reduce the degree of rape
happenings in the country.
Provisions related to Rape in India
In 1983 few amendments were made in the rape laws in India. In 1983 amendment
the provisions which were introduced are
- Marital Rape under Section- 376(A) of Indian penal code, 1860
- Custodial Rape under Section- 376(2) of Indian Penal Code,1860
- Minimum punishments for the rape cases depending on the degree of the
- Provision for Special Rape cases in Section- 376(2) [a-g] and (A) of
Indian Penal Code,1860
- Section-288 A (2) of IPC- which states that the rape and
identity of the rape victim shall not be disclosed by any person till they want
or if done so he shall be punished by the court with the imprisonment which may
or may not extend to two years.
- Section-376 (2) (a) of IPC- which talks about custodial rape crime
or rape committed by the police officer under custody.
- Rape done by public servant.
- Rape performed by staff management.
- Rape done by management or staff of the hospital.
- Section 164 A (5) of CRPC- it states the provision for the medical
examination of the Rape victim at the earliest.
- Section 327 (2) (6) of CRPC- states that all the statements of the
rape victim should be recorded in front of the camera so that no further changes
can be done without proof in the court.
- Section 376 (2) [e] of IPC- which talks about the punishments
offered to the offenders of the Rape done by the women knowing her to be
pregnant in prior.
- Section 376 (2) [f] of IPC- talks about the punishments who commits
rape with a girl who is minor or under 12 years of age.
- Section 376 [g] of IPC- talks about the provisional laws related to
imprisonment of the Gang Rape criminals.
All these provisions of IPC and CRPC talks about all the punishments,
imprisonment and the fine related to the vast amount of Rape cases in India
though lot of amendments are still to be made by Law and agreed by the Court
Right of a Girl in Any Relationship
- She has a right to live without violence in every relationship and
should accept her partner to agree on the same.
- She has every right to reject the attention she does not want or like or
all the unwanted attentions from random people.
- She has a right to change her mind to live with somebody as a partner or
switch to some other person with the change of feeling as it is not really
in hands of normal human beings.
- She has all the right in the world to please and satisfy herself with
things she like and want before others.
- She has all the right to dress seductive and in whatever or whichever
clothes or type of clothes she likes without it being an invitation for
rapists to rape her or assault her.
- She has right to say no an unwanted physical attention and closeness
whether being any person.
- She has a right to not to be dominated but to be at an equal power and
understanding in relationships.
- She has right to start every relationship slowly and deny to physical or
sexual attraction till the time she wants.
- She has right to say and express about her feelings openly knowing that
person well without thinking about future and far.
- She has all the right to say ‘NO'.
Right of a Victim
- She has a right to be treated with the best medical treatment needed at
that point and as soon as possible and to the earliest in order to cure the
- She has the right to file a complaint or FIR regarding the offence to
the police and no is liable to stop her.
- She has all the right to be treated with good care and dignity during
the process of the Justice or Trial.
- She has all the right to be supported by the family and society and
treat her as a victim and not the criminal.
- She has right to be notified by the court proceedings and the procedure
of the case.
- She has right to choose advocate of her choice and bring him/her to the
trial regularly from her side.
- She has right to secure all the damages occurred during the act and
offender must be liable to pay the same.
- Depending on the relationship with the offender she has all the right to
be maintained in lawful manner and as stated under the Law and by the Court.
Rape and Acquaintance Rape occurs or happens because girls are not really open
about their wants and desires in life. Men know what they want but the way of
them achieving their desire is strictly inhuman. Girls should be more open about
themselves in the society and boys should understand if a girl is saying no for
something that means no strictly. Usage and consumption of alcohol and drugs in
the parties or the campus should be limited and prohibited from the campus to
stop the occurrence of drug rape in the society. Girls should not be ashamed or
embarrassed from the society to report the crime.
If a crime or offence takes
place it should strictly be reported to the police, negligence of which is seen
in countries. One should know about their limits that when to stop the exceeding
of sexual relationship with anybody whether being a wife. Hooking up culture
which was started in United States of America is not wrong but people fail to
examine the need to stop at a moment so that it does not take the route of the
crime. Communication is the key to stop the occurrence of many events in life.
One should know when to express and open up about their feelings with the
Being single is not what everybody wants but that does not mean to form
a relationship with anybody or everybody this is what takes the phase of crime
in one's life. Miscommunication and misconnecting for sex is the major problem
that occurs specially with girls they should try to be more open and clear about
their wants. Law remains the same but the number of victim use to increase and
create the threat in the economy and continues to destroy lives of the innocent
and helpless victims.
The amendment of 1983 bought few changes in the light of
the rape law and the amendment few provisions in the rape law but it is not yet
enough as the rate of crime do not stop but keeps on increasing. New methods of
punishments and amendments regarding controlling the rapes in the India should
be made to put a full stop on the entire rapist. The court and the legislature
have to make many changes to put a full stop at rapes and its increasing rate in
the countries. Boys oriented education should start in school which will teach
them to control their sexual wants at needs at unfavorable times.
- Indian Penal Code, 1860
- Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
- Indian Evidence Act, 1872
- The Indian Constitution, 1950
- The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality 14th September 2017
- Journal of American College Health, 1991, Taylor Francis
- The Canadian journal of Human Sexuality 14th September 2017
- Journal of American college health, 1991, Taylor and Francis
- http://propcenter.asu.edu/ pdf Acquaintance-rape-of-college-students
- Ravi vs. State of Maharashtra 3rd October 2019 Criminal no-1488-1489 of
- ‘A' Through her Father ‘F' vs. State of UP Thru Secretary on
3rd November 2015. Writ Petition no- 8210 (M/B) of 2015
- Indian Penal Code,1860
- Code of Criminal procedure, 1973
- Victim- victim is a person who is harmed, injured, attacked, beaten or
raped in different crime scene at different time. A person who is helpless
innocent who is affected the most in crime that has happened.
- Offender- offender is the person who commits the crime. The person who
plans and executes the crime in the society to any victim is the offender.
- Attacker- he is the person who brutally or inhumanly attacks any animal
or human in order to commit the crime.
- Accused- a person or the group or people who are charged for a
particular crime in the court of trial by Law.
- IPC- Indian Penal Code, 1860
- CRPC- Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
- Rapist- a rapist is a person who commits many rapes with many people or
single rape with same people many times.
- FIR- FIR is the First Information Report that is filed by the victim at
the police station as the first step towards receiving justice for any crime
that has happened in the course of law.
- Appellant- appellant is the person who is not satisfied by the decision
of the lower court and appeals in the Higher Court for justice.
- Petitioner- petitioner is the person who files petition in the court to
take law action on it related to any cause or crime happened.
Authentication No: AG30688436479-5-820