Nepotism is a practice associated with the special evil of corruption. Nepotism
means favouritism shown towards one's own relatives
. According to the
dictionary meaning, nepotism refers to giving undue patronage to one's own
Nepotism As Social Evil
Like corruption, nepotism is also a social evil. It is an evil practice in which
persons in some public offices bestow patronage on their own relatives in
consideration of the family relations and in disregard to merit. In this
practice, something is done or undone under the influence of the family
relations and in disregard to the accepted norms.
Nepotism due to the New Trend in One's Loyalty?
Favouring one's own relatives or showing favours to one's own kith and kin is
not an uncommon practice. It is not a new trend. It represents one of the oldest
forms of corruption. Sociological analysis reveals that social bonds and kinship
play an important role in corruption. There seems to be a change in the
individual's primary commitments or loyalty. Today, family considerations,
kinship ties, friendship obligations, caste, religious and parochial loyalties
get precedence in public servant's mind.
One's commitment to rules, regulations, laws, values, ideals, morals become
secondary. The first obligation of a modern
administrator is to his family members, followed by close kin, lineage, or
ethnic group. Such ties are more compelling than administrative rules and
The person in the public office who shows favours to his own kith and kin does
not consider his act as a corrupt practice
, nor as a deviation from rules
, but as family obligation. It appears that nepotism has
become widespread today because of this new trend in one's loyalty.
This tendency of nepotism is very much rampant among our administrators,
bureaucrats, political leaders and now in film industry of India. In fact, it is
connected with power and authority and originates when it is misused. It has
become a common thing for our people to expect favours from their relatives who
happen to assume public offices or superior position in society.
corrupt actions of many a public servant both at the lower and the higher
levels. Hence, men in high and low positions have often indulged in nepotism.
Politicians in office, the high-ups in the bureaucracy or officers at lower
levels have often been found guilty of nepotism.
Types of Nepotism
Nepotism is a common accusation in politics when the relative of a powerful
figure ascends to similar power seemingly without appropriate qualifications.
Nepotism can also occur within organizations, when a person is employed due to
their familial ties. It is generally seen as unethical, both on the part of the
employer and employee.
- In employment
Nepotism at work can mean increased opportunity at a job, attaining the job or
being paid more than other similarly situated people. Arguments are made both
for and against employment granted due to a family connection, which is most
common in small, family run businesses. On one hand, nepotism can provide
stability and continuity. Critics cite studies that demonstrate decreased morale
and commitment from non-related employees, and a generally negative attitude
towards superior positions filled through nepotism.
- In entertainment
Outside of national politics, accusations of nepotism are made in instances
of prima facie favoritism to relatives under film industry as well.
Some Instances of Nepotism
Recent history of Indian politics and
public life gives ample instances of corruption which could be listed under the
heading of nepotism
. There are
chief ministers and ex-chief ministers who have openly shown illegal favours to
their own sons, daughters, and wives. There are any numbers of ministers who are
protecting their kith and kin who have indulged in immoral and illegal
activities, by bestowing on them special favours.
There are vice-chancellors who
have abused their power and position in giving appointments to their own
children and relatives by denying the same opportunity to the more qualified and
meritorious persons. At the bureaucratic level, nepotism is not uncommon.
Ministers, judges, police inspectors, company directors, deputy commissioners,
college principals, vice Chancellors, and such other persons occupying
responsible public offices, are often found to be guilty of nepotism.
Nepotism as a Common Practice
Nepotism today has become a common practice. Nepotism has come to be accepted
as a form of prerogative or a privilege inherent in office and the man in office
feels himself free to exploit it to his maximum advantage. Like corruption, if
not checked at top, it percolates to the lower levels with sanctity.
Evil Effects of Nepotism
- Nepotism negates talents, abilities, merits and efficiency.
- Practice of nepotism abrogates rules, neglects laws and brushes aside
- It damages the activism and enthusiasm of the really talented people who
are discriminated against to favour somebody.
- It spoils the morale of the people, makes them to give up idealism and
commitment to values and induces them to become opportunists.
- Nepotism adversely affects the general credibility of the public
servants and makes the general masses to become cynics.
Corruption goes hand in hand with nepotism in India. It goes on in government
and private jobs both. Nepotism is common in politics, judiciary, and business
and in the film industry. It goes on even in religious circles, arts, industry,
and other types of organizations.
It is necessary to stop this evil practice. Organized efforts on the part of the
people are required to combat nepotism. Strong public opinion is to be created
against the practice of nepotism. Modern media should take a leading role in
exposing the immoral practice of nepotism. Though it is difficult to root out
nepotism, it is possible to control it through collective efforts.
- Chambers 20th Century Dictionary . Page 715
- Prof. Ram Ahuja Society in India. Page 403
- Kachroo and Kachroo Society in India. Page 415
Award Winning Article Is Written By: Mr.Mohd Aqib Aslam
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