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Types of Cyber Crime and its Causes

What is cyber crime?

Any illegal or unethical activity through internet use or using computer as a tool can be a cyber crime. Cyber crime is done by cyber criminals who try to exploit broken software. Creating and selling broken software is a crime. Also, creating and selling untested software is also considered a crime.

Types of cyber crime

Cyber crime can be of many types. Types of cyber attacks are discussed below:
  1. Hacking
    Hacking is basically gaining unauthorized access to your system profit, protest, information gathering, or to evaluate system weaknesses. The provisions for hacking are given in IT Act, 2000 under section 43-A and 66 and section 379 & 406 of Indian Penal Code. The punishment for hacking is 3 years or shall be imposed with fine up to 5 lakhs.
  2. Denial of Service
    It brings down the server (any server). It is known as the flooding machine with requests in an attempt to overload systems. It also uses bots for tasks. The provisions are given under section 43(f) of IT Act with imprisonment up to 3 years or with fine up to 5 lakh rupees.
  3. Virus Dissemination
    It involves direct or search unauthorized access to system by introducing malicious programs known as viruses, worms etc. Virus needs host while worms are standalone.
    Provisions are provided under the IT Act, 2000 under sections 43-C, 66 and section 268 of the Indian Penal Code.
  4. Credit Card Fraud
    Card fraud begins either with the theft of the physical card or with the comprise of data associated with the account. Provisions of such fraud are given under Section 66 C and 66 D of IT ACT, 2000 and section 468 & 471 of Indian Penal Code, 1860.
  5. Phishing
    A malicious individual or group who scam users. They do so by sending e-mails or creating web pages that are designed to collect an individual�s online bank credit card, or other login information. The provisions to prosecute any person for phishing are given under section 66 C, 66 D and 74 of the IT Act with imprisonment up to 3 years or with fine up to 1 lakh rupees.
  6. Cyber Stalking
    It can be defined as the use of electronic communications to harass or frighten someone, for example by sending threatening emails. The provisions are given under IT Act, 2008 under section 72 and section 354 C (voyeurism) of the Indian Penal Code. Also, section 67 provides imprisonment up to 3 years with fine.

What leads to the commission of cyber crime?

There are 4 main causes which lead to the commission of cyber crime.
  • Breach Because of Mobile Devices
    In 2015, mobile devices had less than 1% infection rate, so they were considered safe. Now, more than three-fifths of IT security professionals report that it is either certain.
  • Embedding Malware Into Legitimate Applications
    Cyber criminals have embedded malware into legitimate applications and they are targeting poorly secured WiFi spots, stealing passwords, and more in their quest to steal information.
  • Exploiting Unauthorized Products
    In many cases, attackers like to exploit unauthorized products having weak security controls in the corporate cloud.
  • Unlimited Internet Access
    By using internet, we have given convenience in accessing without any limitations. This is the foremost factor which causes cyber crime.

Across the globe and specifically in India, these frauds are growing rapidly since 2010. This is mainly due to lack of awareness in some states and also, among some banks and other organizations. However, if we adopt few anti-fraud strategies like biometrics or keeping an expert in this field could prevent us from getting into such frauds.

  • India: Cyber security 2020, 22, 2019),
  • Chandrima Khare, laws Punishing Cyber Stalking and Online Harassment, (July 13, 2018),
  • Abhinav Rana, Credit Card Fraud: Penal Provisions and Ways to Deal with it, iPleaders (February 21, 2020),

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