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India v/s China Digital Strike

The move to ban 59 Chinese applications from Google Play and Apple stores comes in backdrop of a violent face off between Indian and Chinese troops near Line of actual Control (LAC) in Ladak's Galwan Valley weeks ago, which resulted in deaths of 20 Indian Soldiers. Indian Government officials earlier had said that the border tensions will not impact trade between India and China, they also have been citizens to be Aatma Nirbhar and shop Vocal for Local. Centre in following days took actions cancelling several contracts with Chinese firms in various sectors like Railway and Telecom.

On Monday June 29, 2020. Indian Government banned 59 Chinese applications which are prejudicial to Sovereignty and integrity to India, Defense of India, Security of the state and public order. The order added  This move will safeguard the interests of crores of Indian mobile and internet users. This decisions is targeted move to ensure safety and sovereignty of Indian cyberspace.

As per research report by USA in year 2015, the term arm conflict does not mean using bomb, bullets, arm forces. Countries like Iran, Russia, North Korea, China , USA are doing cyberWarfare.  CyberWarfare is the use of technology to attack a nation, causing comparable harm to actual welfare. when one state attacks other state with computer based attacks. Cyberwarfare is misnomer, since no offensive cyber actions to date could be described as war. An alternative view of cyberwarfare is a suitable label for cyber attacks which cause physical damage to people and objects in the real world.

On March 20, 2013 , Three south Korean televisions and a bank suffered from frozen computer terminals in a suspected act of cyberwarfare. This cyberattack caused over $750 US Million economic damage. Another incident occurred on June 25th, 2013 there were hacking attacks on Government websites.[1]

On December 23 ,2015 Russia's cyber attack , Hackers were able to successfully compromise information system of three energy distribution companies in Ukraine. It was for temporarily disrupting the electricity supply to consumers. It is considered to be first known successful attack. About 230 thousand people were affected and were left without electricity for period of 1 to 6 hours.[2]

During recent years Cyberwarfare has become more powerful weapon which can activate and deactivate defense system, nuclear system. Cyber warfare is a huge threat to many countries.
Indian government using power given under section 69 A of Information and Technology act [3]and as per rules 2009[4] banned 59 apps. Before taking action Government consulted to Ministry of Electronic and Information Technology, Home Ministry and Cyber Crime Coordinate Centre. On June 29, 2020 ,Monday while banning the applications Government said the security of India is being compromised.

Already in passed many complains have been registered to Ministry of Electronic and Information Technology which stated that the data is used in an unauthorized way and privacy is being infringed. Home Ministry and Cyber Crime Coordinate Centre also gave Indian Government recommendations to ban these applications. Ministry has also received many representations raising concerns from citizen regarding security of data and privacy.

List of 59 applications which are banned

  1. TikTok
  2. UC Browser
  3. Shareit
  4. Clash of Kings
  5. Likee
  6. Shein
  7. Kwai
  8. YouCam makeup
  9. Helo
  10. Baidu map
  11. DU battery saver
  12. Mi Community
  13. CM Browers
  14. ROMWE
  15. APUS Browser
  16. Virus Cleaner
  17. Club Factory
  18. WeChat
  19. Beauty Plus
  20. Newsdog
  21. UC News
  22. Xender
  23. ES File Explorer
  24. QQ Mail
  25. QQ Music
  26. QQ Newsfeed
  27. Bigo Live
  28. Parallel Space
  29. Mail Master
  30. SelfieCity
  31. Mi Video Call - Xiaomi
  32. WeSync
  33. Weibo
  34. Viva Video - QU Video Inc
  35. Meitu
  36. Vigo Video
  37. New Video Status
  38. DU Recorder
  39. Vault- Hide
  40. Cache Cleaner DU App studio
  41. DU Cleaner
  42. DU Browser
  43. Hago Play With New Friends
  44. CamScanner
  45. Sweet Selfie
  46. Wonder Camera
  47. Photo Wonder
  48. DU Privacy
  49. We Meet
  50. Clean Master - Cheetah Mobile
  51. Baidu Translate
  52. U Video
  53. QQ International
  54. QQ Security Center
  55. QQ Launcher
  56. Vmate
  57. V fly Status Video
  58. Mobile Legends
  59. QQ player

What was common in these 59 apps?

Data mining privacy and National Security was being compromised.

Government with the help of department of telecom who provides internet service will ask to block IP address and access. Over around 30% of Indian population was using Tik Tok. In a day Over 10,000 order are made from Shein India.

End-Notes:
  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_South_Korea_cyberattack
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russo-Ukrainian_War#:~:text=The%20Russo%2DUkrainian%20War%20is,regions%20of%
    20Crimea%20and%20Donbass.&text=The%20incursion%20by%20the%20Russian,
    Ukrainian%20forces%20in%20early%20September.
  3. https://www.indiacode.nic.in/bitstream/123456789/1999/3/A2000-21.pdf
  4. https://meity.gov.in/writereaddata/files/Information%20Technology%20%28%20
    Procedure%20and%20safeguards%20for%20blocking%20for%20access%20
    of%20information%20by%20public%29%20Rules%2C%202009.pdf

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