One nation, One language
If you think that the concept of ‘One Nation & One Language' is new for India
then you are wrong because these concept brought our freedom fighters, one
nation and one language is not a unprecedented concept in our country. It is
true that our country has one language but it would be wrong that we forcefully
impose that language on another. Under Article 19(a) of the Constitution of
India says that every citizens have right to freedom of speech and expression.
It means all the citizens have right to express his views, thoughts, opinions
freely by words of mouth, painting, writing or any other mode. There are so many
languages in our country that are spoken by the people. However, if Hindi
language is made a national language then it will be very difficult for people
to adopt it. It is true that we can not force anyone to speak a one language
because every state has its own language like Bhojpuri, Rajasthani, Punjabi,
Necessity of one nation and one language in democratic society:India is a democratic country and it is said that Hindi language represents it
our culture so it is important that our country has a language which everyone
knows. If we leave our language then how will be take it further.
It is also very important that our country has one language due to which
language foreign language do not get place. Keeping in this mind, our elders and
freedom fighters conceived the official language and accepted Hindi as the
Hindi is the fourth spoken language in the country after English and Spanish.
Along with the English language, Hindi language is written with Devanagari
script and it is the official language of Government of India. According to
Article 351 of the Constitution of India, it is the duty of the union to spread
the Hindi language so that people can serve Hindi language in the medium of
communication. In our country, Hindi Divas or Hindi day, which is celebrated
every year on September 14, all over India since 1953. Hindi is the most common
or popular language in our country.
Whether one nation and one language is sufficient for a democratic society:No, one nation and one language is not sufficient for the whole country because
India is a country where many types of languages are spoken.But Amit Shah said
that we used a one language that will be a global identity and he referred to
the Hindi language.
Then sudden states are getting affected. According to the Article 343(2) of the
Constitution of India, Hindi should be the official language for the period of
fourteen years when the constitution was made. There are various politicians
comment on this entire matter and Kamal Hassan realizing a video and clearly
stating that language war is at hand, this kind of Hindi imposition is done on
the sudden states.
Newly Chief Minister of Karnataka B.S. Yediyurappa clearly stated that, kannada
is the principal language of Karnataka, so it is quite clear the sudden states
are not ready to accept the Hindi dominance. According to the report of 2001,
only 41 percent of the population are speak in Hindi and the rest of the
population does not speak Hindi. After seeing all this thing, we makes Hindi a
national language then it would be unfair with the people.
Why Hindi should be imposed as a national language to the rest of the
country?If we see, as an example, the way in which nationalism came to Europe. We need
to understand this thing clearly, in India nationalism does not depend on a one
language and one state because India is made up of so many languages. When we
force to use a one language on people then it will be an exclusion of the
people, and our country, our government is talking about inclusion not for the
For example, if any other language is spoken in a particular state and if we
make Hindi a national language, then those people will feel excluded and also
they feel they are not the part of majority.
This is true, if we make Hindi a national language, then there will be an
exclusion in a way. And one thing is also important we can never bind a citizens
with one language because every one has right to freedom of free speech and
expression which is given by the Constitution of India so that's why no one can
compelled to the others to speak a particular language.
We can never communicate the India with Hindi language. If we force people to
speak a language, at the end, the result will be that the state will be
Therefore, Hindi itself is a language which has been constructed for many
languages but Hindi as a national language not work out for India the reason is
that, if you give Hindi as a position of national language then it might be
divide people, specially there might be the division of south and north people.
There is no need to impose Hindi as the national language because the fight will
be arise between the people.
What is the need to create a national language:The question arises that what is the need to create a national language, when
work is going on in our country without a national language. Therefore, the mode
of education has also been in English and we are seeing everywhere, English is
being important in school or in colleges or at every place.
If there is a nation then there should be a national languages, but there is no
need for a national language, because it will create a division of the people
and division of the states. It would be fine we leave it to the people what they
Indian is known as a diverse country and we impose a language then our diversity
will also end. It is true, people also come from outside to check our diversity
and Unity in Diversity is the biggest identity of our country.
It is also true, we should enjoy speaks in Hindi not because it is obligation
because we want to speak in Hindi. Hence, 43 percent of the people of our
country speaks in Hindi and imposing one language is disrespecting to the other
languages. India is known for unity in diversity so we can not impose a language
to anybody.Hindi and English are our official languages of the nation and when
our work is going on with official language, then maybe we do not need a
Various problems for one nation and one language:
There are various problems for one nation and one language because Indian has
various languages and each state has different type of culture. Thinking back,
whether it is right to make a Hindi as a national language or not.
The imposition of Hindi language it will not unite the people but separate them.
By doing this not a single person will suffer but all will suffer. It is
important you must consult the people before making a new law or new scheme. No
one will accept such laws which creates divisions among the people. And forcing
language is also not acceptable, especially southern state will not accept the
Hindi imposition. Hindi language is not the mother tongue of a majority of the
Therefore, every state has its own language and why would anyone leave their
language, when everyone has right to freedom of free speech under Indian
Constitution. The idea of one language is still being in questioned. There are
many people who know Hindi and understand Hindi but at the time of giving
presentation, his opinion, his views they are not comfortable with it.
Recently a draft has been prepared in which it is said that the state where the
Hindi language is spoken and the state where Hindi language is not spoken will
be compulsory to teach Hindi language like Tamil Nadu completely oppose and said
that we can't study Hindi language as a compulsory language. There is a
flexibility in the draft students have the option to choose the language.
One nation, one language can never be a reality:
This debate is going on that Hindi should be the common language of the country
but the Congress leader says that it can never be a reality. It maybe possible
that a nation has one election and a one tax system but one language is not
possible. Article 343 of the Indian Constitution makes it very clear, Hindi is
an official language. The Official Language Act of 1963 says that, Hindi and
English are both official languages of India.
The Gujarat High Court ruled in
2010 that, Hindi is not the national language of India. I understand the pride of
Hindi speakers in this country but all the people in this country do not speak
Hindi. There are many people who support Hindi and they say that Hindi should be
compulsory one and also says that everyone will learn it for a period of time.
This is only because they do not know any other language or maybe they do not
understand the pain of learning a new language.
The conclusion finally comes, India is a country of different languages which
are spoken by the people and every language has it own importance and this is
the identity of our country. Article 29 of the Constitution of India states that
any class of citizens who have their own specific language, script and culture
will have the right to protect it. And it is absolutely not possible that we
force a language on people, because everyone has right which is given by the
Constitution. Yet if something like happens, then the right of the individual
will be violate.
Law Article in India
You May Like
Legal Question & Answers