Evolution of human trafficking:
In ancient times there was a prevalent practice called bonded labours
. It has existed during king period where some people agreed to it
and some opposed it. But during British period were slavery
is opposed by
all the people in the Indian context. In modern times it is considered as
In the 20th century this kind of process happens through online because of the
advancement in technology both in usage and in education. In earlier times it
happened through humans for money or may be under fear. Along with that the
people consented to be a bonded labour or slaves under the higher heads. In our
present generation it happens without the consent of the people who is
considered to be victims.
Human trafficking meaning:
It involves transferring or transporting people from one country to another
either with their consent or without their consent. It may be done by the use of
force, coercion or undue influence or threatening them. It is for the purpose of
sexual exploitation or bonded labour. The person doing this process are known as
Types involved in human trafficking:To our basic knowledge trafficking involves sexual trafficking and bonded
labours or slavery. Due to the advancement in technology it may be further
classified as follows:
- Sexual exploitation: The victims are mainly women. In this process women are
forced to involve in sexual activities. It may occur in prostitution sites and
- Labour exploitation: It involves the persons to work as bonded labours or slaves
by the way of forcing them or awarding punishments for not working and force
them to work for little remuneration or payment in order to reduce their debts.
For that purpose, they may enter into the contracts with their consent. The
person will work within the employer home for long periods with certain
restrictions for limited pay. The people may force to do a sexual favour through
force or by the way of threatening by the employers of the home.
- Forced marriage: This kind of marriage has occurred during king periods to gain
some country in order to expand his kingdom. It can be viewed in recent times to
enter into some person country. It may happen by sexual and psychological stress
along with the physical violence.
- criminal activities: The coercion is considered to be a main thing to cause
these kinds of activities. Making the person to involve in cultivation of
illegal products like cocaine and some other related drugs.
The personal information of any person is available to anybody other than the
original users which help them to do credit card theft or ATM theft. It results
in hacking of one's personal data without their knowledge from the internet. It
forced them to be the victims and make them to commit crimes.
- Children as victims: Here it includes both gender male and female. They are
forced to works as bonded slaves under military camps in kitchen work and in
some other violent or illegal activity. The female children are forced to have
sexual exploitation without considering their age. The children are between the
age group of 10 to 18 years who are considered to be minors.
- Organ trafficking: The persons will transport the organs of the victims to
another place for money.
The victim here involves both gender and without any difference in their ages.
It includes person ranging from small child to old person and even dead persons
too. It may happen with or without their consent. If it happens with consent and
the victim is doing this for the purpose of money he may be cheated and is known
as organ trading. If the person is kidnapped or taken away from his own place
without their knowledge it is called as extortion. In some hospitals they will
make the person to falsely believe that they have some disease and will assure
that they will cure for the purpose of exporting or to earn more. Some times the
organs of dead person too will be transported without their family consent.
- Skin trafficking: This process is similar to organ trafficking but with the
slight difference it is for the skin. The victim skin is peeled and sold for
higher amount when there is huge demand. It also includes victims from all age
groups and genders.
It is the advanced form of sex trafficking or
exploitation in the 21st century. The main victims are women. The advertisements
are made on the websites used by the people and it will automatically provoke
the users. These kinds of advertisements are made normally in all websites but
it has its origin in the dark web
or deep web
without their knowledge they will share all their personal information. The
traffickers with the help of them will threaten the persons to do work or force
them to have sexual intercourse. Some people without any other option in order
to lead their life will they themselves become as victims for smaller amount. It
is punished through the amended IT Act 2000.
Punishments under IPC:
Section 370 to section 374 of Indian Penal Code discusses the above said
trafficking with appropriate punishments are made respectively while drafting
the code and section has been properly amended based on the situations and