Child Abuse and Pornography
When someone thinks about child abuse the very first thing which comes to their
mind is physical harm or aggressive behavior or a threat of both. However, the
issue is much more complex and wider than one can think or imagine. Child Abuse
is one of the biggest social stigmas in society and a major human right issue
and public health concern. It can be manifested in both physical and emotional
forms. In recent times child sexual abuse is a proliferating problem.
behavior includes both touching and non-touching behaviors. Sexual abuse doesn't
need to involve penetration, force, pain, or maybe touching. If an adult engages
in any sexual behavior (looking, showing, or touching) with a toddler to satisfy
the adult's interest or sexual needs, it's sexual assault.
Child sexual abuse material also known as child pornography is a form of child
sexual exploitation. It refers to any content which depicts sexually uncensored
activities involving a child. Child pornography may use a variety of media like
Visual depiction includes videos, photographs, and computer-generated images.
These photographs and videos are most often collected with the purpose of being
shared widely for others to watch and in doing so victimizing the child many
There is an increasing trend towards younger victims and greater
brutality. It also includes coercion and cajoling of children into sexual
activities by a dominant man. Children may also traffic and kidnapped for the
purposes of pornography, and child prostitution. Children below the age of 16
are at greater risk because many people have fantasy and thoughts to engage in
sexual relations with children but actually it is a mental disorder known as
Crime Against Children Sees A Steep RiseThe growing complexities in life and the change in social and economic
conditions have exposed the children to various forms of abuse. But the worst
part is that such heinous crimes of child sexual abuse are not reported by the
individuals. It is largely ignored by the public and by the Criminal Justice
system of India. Reports showed that the crime against children has risen
steeply in the time period of 2008 to 2018.
According to the reports released by
the National Crime Record Bureau, 32,608 cases were reported in 2017 while
39,827 cases were reported in 2018 under the Protection of Children from Sexual
Offences Act. As many as 109 children were sexually abused everyday in India.
Only one-third cases of Child Sexual Abuse are identified and fewer than that
are reported by the individuals.
Childhood Trauma And The Impact Of AdulthoodThe impact of sexual assault doesn't end when the abuse ends. Childhood trauma
appears to be a critical etiological think about the event of a variety of
great disorders both in childhood and in adulthood. Survivors of sexual abuse
are at significantly greater risks for severe and chronic mental health issues,
including alcoholism, depression, anxiety, PTSD and high-risk behaviors. When
children are abused, they could display disturbing sorts of attachment and
abnormal patterns of emotional response toward their caregivers. Sexually abused
children may need trouble walking or sitting due to disabling pain or injuries.
Additionally, they might be afraid to change their clothes in front of other
people because they do not want others to see their bodies. They might also
avoid sitting with peers or engaging in physical exercises that would cause
being touched. Although many children who have experienced sexual abuse show
behavioral and emotional changes, many others do not. Their ability to trust
adults to require care of them can also be jeopardized. On the other hand,
children who have the support of an understanding of caregiver and effective
treatment can recover without long-term effects.
Who Are The PerpetratorsA perpetrator may be a one that has been determined to possess caused or
knowingly allowed the maltreatment of a toddler. The majority of perpetrators
are someone the kid or family knows.
A perpetrator doesn't need to be an adult to harm a toddler. They can have any
relationship to the kid including an older sibling or playmate, loved one, a
teacher, a teacher or instructor, a caretaker, or the parent of another child.
Abusers can manipulate victims to remain quiet about the sexual assault
employing a number of various tactics. Often an abuser will use their position
of power over the victim to coerce or intimidate the kid. They might tell the
kid that the activity is normal or that they enjoyed it. An abuser may make
threats if the child refuses to participate or plans to tell another adult
threat also includes many violent activities such as beating the child. Some of
the abusers make video clips while doing the intercourse to warn the child that
he will viral the clip or show it to the child's love ones.
Legal Response To Child Sexual AbuseIn India, Child Sexual Abuse was not publicly acknowledged as a Criminal
Offence, It was only after the enactment of new legislation called Protection of
Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 that criminalized a range of acts
including child rape, harassment and exploitation for pornography.
Section 67B of the IT Act, specifically provides stringent punishment for
publishing, processing or transmitting child pornography in electric form.
Section 317 of the Indian Penal Code provides punishment for the exposure and
abandonment of children by parents or others to expose or to leave them with the
intention of abandonment.
Section 360 and 369 of the Indian Penal Code provide punishment for Kidnapping
and Abduction respectively. Section 366A deals with the procuration of a minor
girl. It is a punishable offense if a girl is forced or seduced to illicit
intercourse with another person.
Section 372 and 373 of the Indian Penal Code provide punishment for the selling
and buying of minors for prostitution respectively.
Section 3 of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act does not use
the term rape and does not confine penetrative sex to penile penetration, it
just broadens the offense named ‘penetrative sexual assault' under act 5 of the
Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act to include oral sex as well.
Certain preventive measures should be taken to avoid such heinous crimes of
Child Sexual Abuse in society. Individuals should be taught about sex education
on school levels. Martial Arts should be made compulsory for students. Posters
on preventing Child Sexual Abuse should be there at every metro station, bus
stations and railway stations to increase awareness among individuals about such
crimes. Speedy trial courts should be there in the districts to ensure justice
to the citizens.
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