After the shayra bano case Uniform Civil code is again in controversy and it
is also one of the major agenda of NDA government. Till today every religion
has its own personal laws for civil matter like marriage ,divorce inheritance,
succession , maintenance etc and each personal laws is different from other
personal laws for instance polygamy is allowed in Islam but not in other
Besides this there is so many things which is allowed in one religion but not
in other religion.
Uniform civil code is a common code of unification of civil and criminal
matter irrespective to all religion . It is defined in Article 44 of Indian
Constitution which says that The state shall endeavour to secure for the citizen
a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India however it can not be
implemented except the state of Goa.
In first time it was raised in shah bano Case and supreme Court directed
central government for the implementation of uniform civil code after this it
was demanded by the supreme Court in Sarla mudgal v. Union of India and
shamim ara v. State of UP but misfortunately it can not be implemented
even though after the 68 year of framing of Constitution the main reason of
ignorance of uniform civil code is minority vote bank politics.
I would likely to says that Uniform civil code is not about Hindu rashtra. Infact
it is about social justice , gender justice unity and fraternity of the country
and The word social justice and unity and fraternity of country are already
mentioned in our Preamble and Uniform civil code is implemented in most of the
developed nation like America, UK, France and others and Even though In our
country, It is implemented in the state. of Goa which constitute of 68 %
Christian and 28% Hindus population and if it is to be implemented than it
should be a strong moment toward toward the secularism.