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A Brief Of Terrorist And Disruptive Actives (Prevention ) Act 1985

The TADA Act, or the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act, was an Indian law enacted in 1985 with the aim of combating terrorism and disruptive activities. The Act was introduced in response to increasing incidents of terrorism and insurgency in various parts of the country, particularly in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir during the 1980s.

Key provisions of the TADA Act included:
  • Definition of Terrorism: The Act provided a broad definition of terrorism, encompassing acts intended to disrupt the sovereignty and integrity of India, strike terror among the people, or cause death or injuries to innocent persons.
  • Special Courts: The Act established Special Courts with the authority to try offenses under the Act. These courts were empowered to conduct trials in-camera and to withhold the identity of witnesses.
  • Admissibility of Confessions: The Act allowed for the admission of confessions made to police officers as evidence in court, subject to certain conditions.
  • Preventive Detention: The Act empowered authorities to detain individuals suspected of engaging in or supporting terrorist activities without filing formal charges for up to one year, with the possibility of extension.
  • Punishment: The Act prescribed severe penalties, including the death penalty and life imprisonment, for various offenses related to terrorism and disruptive activities.

Judicial View And A Brief Of Bombay Bombing Case 1993

The 1993 Bombay bombings were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks that took place in Mumbai (then Bombay), India, on March 12, 1993. Here's a brief overview of the case:


  • The bombings were allegedly carried out by a group of individuals with connections to organized crime syndicates in Mumbai, as well as militant Islamist groups based in Pakistan.
  • The primary motive behind the attacks was believed to be retaliation for the communal riots that occurred in Mumbai in December 1992 and January 1993, following the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya.


  • A series of bombs were detonated at various locations across Mumbai, including the Bombay Stock Exchange, the Air India Building, hotels, cinemas, and other crowded areas.
  • The attacks resulted in significant loss of life and widespread destruction, with over 250 people killed and more than 700 injured.

Investigation and Trials:

  • Following the bombings, extensive investigations were conducted by Indian authorities, leading to the identification and arrest of numerous suspects.
  • The accused individuals were charged with various offenses, including conspiracy, terrorism, murder, and possession of explosives.
  • Trials related to the 1993 Mumbai bombings were conducted under the provisions of the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act (TADA) and other relevant laws.
  • Many of the accused were found guilty and sentenced to varying terms of imprisonment or death. Some key accused, including Dawood Ibrahim, fled the country and were declared fugitives.

Legal Proceedings:

  • The case went through multiple stages of legal proceedings, including hearings and appeals in various courts, including the Supreme Court of India.
  • The legal process involved extensive arguments from both the prosecution and the defense, review of evidence, and consideration of legal aspects of the case.
  • Issues such as the admissibility of evidence, constitutional matters, and sentencing considerations were addressed during the legal proceedings.


  • The 1993 Mumbai bombings had a profound impact on India's security landscape and led to significant changes in the country's counter-terrorism efforts and legal frameworks.
  • The case highlighted the need for improved intelligence gathering, coordination among law enforcement agencies, and stricter counter-terrorism measures to prevent such attacks in the future.

Overall, the 1993 Mumbai bombings case remains one of the most significant terrorist incidents in India's history, and the legal proceedings associated with it underscored the challenges and complexities involved in addressing acts of terrorism within the country.

The TADA Act was criticized by human rights organizations for its provisions allowing for the admission of confessions made to police officers and for the potential misuse of preventive detention powers. Critics argued that these provisions could lead to violations of due process and human rights.

The Act was allowed to lapse in 1995, and it was not re-enacted. However, during its existence, it was widely used by law enforcement agencies to combat terrorism and insurgency. Some of its provisions were incorporated into subsequent anti-terrorism legislation, such as the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) and amendments to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA).

Jasdeep Kaur Advocate is registered Research Scholar law (Ph.D) at Amity University is currently legal aid counsel at juvenile justice board appointed by Delhi legal aid services authorities.

She has worked as Law officer Women and Child Dept Govt of Delhi NCT Ex panel lawyer govt of Delhi NCT.

She did her schooling from Ghps Vasant Vihar, New Delhi, Graduated in BA English Hons from Mata Sundri college of Women University of Delhi (regular) She did her LLM ( USLLS IP university Delhi Dwarka) Regular.

Written By: Advocate Jasdeep Kaur

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