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Times When United Nation Peace Keeping Efforts Were Unsuccessful

Over its existence, the United Nations has frequently failed to keep the peace and avert conflict. Since 1945, when the UN was established, millions of people have died and been forced to flee their homes.

The primary purpose of the United Nations was to avert conflict and uphold international peace and harmony in the aftermath of World War II, however the current situation differs greatly from what we initially believed. The United Nations Organization (UNO) is an umbrella organization that was established in 1945 with the goal of preserving social harmony. Nevertheless, UNO has failed on multiple occasions, resulting in the deaths of millions of people and the homelessness of millions more, even inside their own nation.

In this article we are going to ponder disastrous incidents in which UNO failed to prevent

Rawandan Genocide (Civil War)

The Rwandan civil war, which started in 1990 and lasted until 1994, pitted the Rwandan Armed Forces against the rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), was one of the bloodiest ethnic genocides since World War II. To stop foreign intrusion, the Hutu-dominated regime of 1994 murdered ten UN peacekeeping officers. In just three months, Hutus in Rwanda massacred around 800,000 Tutsis and sexually assaulted almost 250,000 women, all the while UN forces either left the victims unabated or merely watched the horrifying and heinous carnage take place.

Srebrenica Massacre 1995

Bosnia and Herzegovina declared their independence in 1992 following a referendum. The war began when Bosnian Serbs, assisted by the Serbian government, mobilized their forces into the country after it declared its independence. The biggest mass murder on European soil since World War II occurred in July 1995 when about 8,000 Muslim men and boys were massacred at Srebrenica by Bosnian Serb forces led by retired General Ratko Mladic.

Many Muslim victims moved to the UNO'S safe zones but UN peacekeeping forces unable to protect them because, before taking any action weather the situation is grave or trivial the officers responsible have to follow a established procedure and this procedure of taking permission of using weapons took the life of 8000 Muslim victims.

Darfur Conflict Of Sudan 2003

In February 2003, rebels in the western part of Sudan, Darfur, rebelled against the government, claiming that Khartoum was discriminating against non-Arab farmers in the region. Since then, the conflict has claimed the lives of almost 200,000 people; over 2.5 million have been displaced; and 4.4 million require relief. But the UN chose to send 26,000 troops to Darfur four years later in an attempt to find a solution.

In an effort to put an end to the Darfur uprising, Omar Hassan al Bashir, the president of Sudan, was charged with war crimes and genocide in 2009 and 2010, and the International Criminal Court issued arrest warrants for him.

Iraq Intrusion 2003-2011

According to UK based research organization US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, more than a million Iraqis have lost their lives as a result of the battle there. After the invasion of America in Iraq the economic and social condition of Iraq got severely hampered and till now US not left Iraq in full manner because US impose s several economic sanction on Iraq. The United States and the United Kingdom falsely claimed that the Saddam regime possessed weapons of mass destruction, and UN Resolution 1483 sought to legitimize the attack.

Syrian Civil War 2011

When pro-democracy demonstrators came to the streets in March 2011, the Syrian dictatorship began a ruthless crackdown on them, claiming that its leader, Bashar al Assad, would "relentlessly fight terrorist groups." Just after the protests developed into an uprising, the authorities freed imprisoned Al Qaeda militants, who went on to become the core of the leadership of Daesh, which moved from Iraq to Syria in 2014.

Russia used its veto authority at least a dozen times to support its ally, Assad, during the UN Security Council's attempts to enact multiple resolutions to address the situation in the year that followed. In just one year, the Syrian conflict forced over 6.3 million people to flee their country, making up about one-third of all refugees worldwide.

South Sudan Problem 2013

After breaking away from Sudan in July 2011, South Sudan gained independence. President Salva Kiir, a member of the Dinka ethnic group, and former vice president Riek Machar, a member of the Nuer ethnic group, have been engaged in a civil war in the nation. At least 382,000 people have died in the civil conflict, according to a research funded by the State Department.

The country's more than 14,500 UN peacekeeping soldiers have not been able to stop the humanitarian disaster in South Sudan. An additional 1.8 million people are internally displaced in South Sudan as a result of the fighting, forcing 2.5 million people to leave the nation. There are over five million individuals who experience extreme food insecurity.

Yemen Civil War 2014

In March 2015, an international coalition led by Saudi Arabia began operations against the Houthis, intensifying the already bloody conflict between forces loyal to President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi's internationally recognized government and those backed by Iran. The war in Yemen started in 2014. The poorest nation in the Arab world fell into a state of catastrophe when the Saudi-led coalition started its operation in Yemen in 2015 and escalated the conflict. A embargo on the war-torn nation has prevented the UN from providing food, medicine, and humanitarian help to residents.

Rohingya Issue 2017

According to the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA), a significant military operation against the Muslim ethnic minority in Myanmar began on August 25, 2017, killing around 24,000 civilians and driving 750,000 others-including women and children-to flee to Bangladesh.

China supported Myanmar in the Rohingya issue by obstructing attempts to bring the Rohingya issue before the UN Security Council. The UN provided evidence of widespread gang rapes, deaths (including those of newborns and small children), severe beatings, and enforced disappearances by the Myanmar government. The Rohingya have been dubbed the "world's most persecuted people" by the UN.

Basically United Nation organization is proved to be successful because it prevented various scenarios in which experts have predicted wars, United Nation Organization as an institution is very much successful organization but the problem lies with its implementation because UNO needs reforms in its security council, in nutshell there must be decentralization of powers because concentration of powers in single hand always leads to dictatorship.

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