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Socio Legal Aspects Of LGBTQIA+: Critical Analysis

LGBTQIA+ is an acronym that stands for the lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, Queer, Intersex, Asexual. The word lesbian means a woman who is captivated to the same gender. Gay primarily mean to the male who is attracted to the gender of same. Bisexual typically mean a person who is sexually attracted to both gender which mean both male and female. Transgender which mean a person who interchanged his gender rather than the gender assigned at birth. Queer is a collaborative term for people who are not heterosexual.

Intersex typically mean whose individual physical characteristics such as reproductive organs genitalia, chromosomes, hormones do not fit typical definitions of male or female. Asexual is the term which describes people who experience no sexual attraction though they have romantic connections and emotional bonds with others they don't possess strong or consistent desire for sexual activity with others.[1]

The term + represent the other genders which are not mentioned in the acronym and the genders which are still evolving. The community celebrates pride month on every June as a part of unity, to achieve equal justice and opportunity. It is remembered in June to represent the importance of 1969 stonewall riots. Many people take part in the event to support the community by holding rainbow striped�pride flag.

Where the rainbow striped flag the red represents life, orange for healing, yellow for sunlight, green for nature, turquoise for art, indigo for harmony, and violet for spirit. Over the passing years the number of the community has tremendously increased which gave rise to many problems relating to their acceptance in society. The rights regarding to the LGBTQ community became a contemporary problem due to the increase in issues faced by them. [2]

In Indian society, homosexuality has traditionally been viewed as forbidden. India's citizens welcome many traditions and cultures into their country to demonstrate that we are a nation that upholds the principle of unity in diversity, however this is not always the case with the acceptance of Homosexuality. The LGBTQ group has been approached in Indian society from a variety of angles. Some people reject them, while others support them.

Some express harsh criticism; some believe it is a mental condition; some believe it is because the environment in which they were raised is different. The criminalization of homosexual behavior is done by the British under section 377 [3]of the Indian Penal Code in 1861 almost 150 years ago. In the past 150 years, many social facets of society have altered, including how people view homosexuality.

Even if legislation, challenges encountered by people, education, and everything else has improved through time, there is still discrimination against the LGBTQ population, which is fatal for India. A wonderful remark that many people appreciate is included in the book The World of Homosexuals by mathematical genius Shakuntala Devi. "I am neither a homosexual, nor a social scientist, psychologist or a psychiatrist. My only qualification for writing this book is that I am a human being''[4].

It is a particularly noteworthy sentence because she believes that rather than a mental issue or one that should be addressed by social scientists, it is a human issue that everyone should discuss. Homosexuality is often believed to have been introduced to India by the West which is basically a false assumption [5]There are numerous indications that homosexuality has been in India for a very long time, and numerous examples of homosexuality are depicted in our Hindu literature.

Bahuchara Mata is a goddess who is frequently connected to the hijra and transgender cultures. Transgender individuals adore her because they think she can change a person's gender. Bahuchara Mata[6] devotees, particularly transgender people and hijras, honor her in a variety of ways. They frequently go to her temples to ask for her blessings for safety, happiness, and identity affirmation.

The "Bahucharaji Melo," a lively and joyous gathering celebrated yearly in Becharaji, an area in Gujarat where her major temple is situated, is the most important festival devoted to Bahuchara Mata. Transgender people congregate during this holiday to commemorate it and ask the goddess' favors. In several ancient texts and sculptures, the idea of Ardhanarishvara-who symbolizes the fusion of the male and feminine energies-is addressed.

The concept that gender is not always binary as well as the divine embraces both gender represented by this deity. It is very obvious from the material above that homosexuality is certainly not a Western import

Historical Background Of LGBTQ In India
Before discussing the history of the group, let's quickly recap what the terms LGBTQ and LGBTQ+ signify. LGBTQ is an umbrella term for the homosexual community. lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, asexual, intersexual, and + signify more sexual orientations that are being added. Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, which was enacted 150 years ago in 1861, made it illegal for people to engage in sexual activity that was against the laws of nature, arguably including gay behavior.

The prohibition of homosexual acts is provided for in section 377 of the penal codes of India, Malaysia, Singapore, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Jamaica and Maldives. The World of Homosexuals, written in 1977 by the outstanding mathematician Shakuntala Devi, urged for the decriminalization of that community and total acceptance rather than tolerance and pity. Despite this, the book received little attention at the time.

The first all-India Hijra Conference was held in Agra in 1981, and it was attended by 50,000 community members from throughout the nation. As a third sex, hijras received formal voting rights in 1994. AIDS Bhedhbav Virodhi andholan filed the initial petition opposing section 377 in 1994. Ultimately, this petition was denied. The first pride march organized in South Asia was held in Kolkata in 1999.

In order to contest section 377, the Naz foundation filed a public interest litigation (PIL) in the Delhi High Court in 2001. In Naz Foundation v. Govt. of NCT of Delhi, the Delhi high court determined that section 377 and other legal restrictions on private, adult, consensual, and non-commercial same sex conduct directly violated fundamental rights guaranteed by the Indian constitution.

This meant that section 377 was effectively decriminalized but not legalized; however, this decision did not last long. On December 11, 2013, the Supreme Court struck down the Delhi High Court's order decriminalizing consensual homosexual activity. The justices' bench, however, noted that Parliament should discuss and decide on the issue in January 2014.

The Supreme Court also dismissed a review petition that had been brought by the Central Government NGO Naz Foundation and others challenging its earlier decision on section 377 of the Indian Penal Code. In a statement explaining the decision, the bench noted that while reading section 377 the Delhi High Court's order, the court noted that a minuscule fraction of the country's population lgbt people[7]. A extremely small or microscopic portion of something is referred to as a "minuscule fraction" The Indian Psychiatric Society issued a statement in February 2014 stating that homosexuality isn't a disease.

The supreme court of India ruled in the case of National Legal Service Authority v. Union of India in April 2014 that transgender people should be considered as a third category of gender. Interestingly, the UK had already approved legislation permitting same-sex marriage at the time that a measure to decriminalize section 377 was filed in parliament in December 2015. let's get straight the country that actually gave us the section 377 has now made same sex marriages legal. Since 1967, homosexuality has been decriminalized in the UK. Take a moment to process that. The supreme court agreed to reconsider the criminalization of homosexual behavior in February 2016.

In November 2016, Namma pride became the first march in India to be accessible for people with disabilities[8]. About 35 disabled individuals took part in the march and additional events. India's supreme court granted the lgbt community the right to express their sexual orientation in public on August 24, 2017. The bench stated discrimination against an individual on the basis of sexual orientation is deeply offensive to the dignity and self-worth of individual.

An individual's sexual orientation is protected under the country's right to privacy law. The highest court does not, however, directly reject any laws that criminalize same-sex partnerships[9], therefore as of right now, the law represents a perplexing conundrum. LGBTI individuals are free to express their sexual preferences, but the IPC continues to forbid gay activities.

Research questions
  • Whether there is still opposition to the LGBTQ+ acceptance in the society?
  • Whether the community of LGBTQ+ experience discrepancy in availability to health care and hospitals compared to others of the society?
  • Whether the attitude of society affects the mental health of the community?
  • Whether workplace policies protect the community?

Limitations of the study
Since LGBTQ is a social issue that encompasses a wide range of information, including community rights, positive effects and contributions, intersectionality: legal and policy framework, and many more, it is practically impossible for one person to cover them all. As a result, I focused my research on the community's mental health as well as a number of legal considerations and some aspects of how society views them.

Literature review
Although there are numerous project papers that focus on LGBTQ community issues, they typically address why society is not accepting them, which is good, and this paper has a lot of them too, this paper differs because it also discusses the mental health problems faced by the community, their healthcare, the differences in geopolitical areas, and the challenges related to the region that they face differently when it comes to rural and city areas

I've read a number of research papers and learned a lot of things that I've put aside for my paper. I uncovered a lot of arguments why people are against the community, some of which were good and others of which were terrible and lacked even the barest amount of common sense. Several researchers have focused on same-sex marriage, but I restricted my study to the goals I specified.

Being gay or transgender, in the opinion of many people, is more of a mental issue than it is a physical or sexual issue. If someone openly disclosed that they are transgender, they tended to believe that something was wrong with their conceptions. The majority of people oppose same-sex marriage because they think that it will hasten the spread of sexual illnesses.

The public must know more about the community in order for campaigns to be successful. The good news is that youth are becoming more accepting of them in society and are becoming more interested in learning more about the current issues they are facing. This offers the community, which has been struggling for a while, a new path and a new society.[10]

Legal Aspects
A number of major cases that have influenced the course of LGBTQ+ rights demonstrate the radical changes in the legal environment that surround the LGBTQ+ community. These situations show the progression from marginalization and discrimination to equality and legal acknowledgment. Let's look at some prominent instances that illustrate this evolution:

In the historic Indian case of the Naz Foundation vs. Govt. of NCT of Delhi (2009), a bench consisting of two judges of the Delhi High Court ruled that criminalizing consenting homosexual intercourse between adults violates fundamental freedoms guaranteed by the Indian Constitution. The decision led to the legalizing of homosexual acts committed by willing adults across the country of India. Later, in the case of Suresh Kumar Koushal v. Naz Foundation, the highest court of India overruled this and restored the 377th section of the Indian Penal Code. But even that decision was overturned by a five-judge panel in the 2018 case of Navtej Singh Johar vs. Union of India, decriminalizing homosexuality once more.[11]

In a landmark decision from 2014, National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India, the Supreme Court of India declared transgender people to be the "third gender," confirmed that the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution apply to them equally, and granted them the freedom to self-identify as male, female, or third gender.

This ruling has been hailed as a significant step in India's pursuit of gender equality. The court further ruled that transgender people will be given preference in entrance to colleges and universities and employment because they were regarded as members of economically and socially underprivileged strata.[12]

The Right to Privacy verdict, also known as Justice K. S. Puttaswamy (Retd.) vs. Union of India & Ors. (2017), is a significant ruling by the Supreme Court of India that states that the right to privacy is safeguarded as a basic right under Articles 14, 19, and 21 of the Indian Constitution.

The right to privacy is shielded as an integral part of both the fundamental right to life and personal individual freedom under Article 21 and as one of the freedom and rights assured by the Constitution's third part, according to a nine-judge bench consisting of J. S. Khehar, J. Chelameswar, S. A. Bobde, R. K. Agrawal, R. F. Nariman, A. M. Sapre, D. Y. Chandrachud, S. K. Kaul, and S. It expressly overturns earlier rulings by the Supreme Court in the cases of Kharak Singh v. State of UP and M. P. Sharma v. Union of India, which found that the Indian Constitution does not contain a fundamental right to privacy.[13]

The Supreme Court of India made history with its 2018 verdict in Navtej Singh Johar & Ors. v. Union of India vs. Secretary Ministry of Law and Justice, which decriminalized all adult consensual sex, including homosexual intercourse.

The Indian Criminal Code's Section 377, a colonial-era rule that, among other things, criminalized gay conduct as a "unnatural offence," was brought before the court to establish its constitutionality. The act mostly affected same-sex partnerships even though it makes all anal and oral intercourse illegal, including sex between couples of opposing sexes. The court unanimously ruled on September 6, 2018, that the law is unconstitutional "insofar as it criminalizes consensual sexual contact between adults who have identical sex." In India, the judgment was welcomed as a significant victory for Gay rights.[14]

Despite the fact that the idea revolves around a variety of issues, many people believe that society is simply against them and discriminating against them. However, the reality is that there is a social acceptance of the community as well. Although there are many reports of ongoing discrimination, society to be a whole is growing more tolerant for gays and lesbians, according to surveys conducted by Pew Research Center in 2013.

Finding a washroom that is accommodating for them is the community's biggest challenge because all restrooms are designated for either men or women, but not for queer people. The Tata Institution of Social Science (TISS) in Mumbai is getting ready to install gender neutral restrooms after turning into the first educational institution in the nation to launch queer-friendly dorms in 2018. The school Students' Union claims that today, April 11, 2023, it formally presented the idea to the authorities following a number of discussions. The renovation of two restrooms-one on the previous site and one on the new campus-into facilities that are gender neutral so that all students can use them will be the centerpiece of the new gesture. [15]

LGBTQ+ restaurants have come to be as crucial spaces that go beyond culinary delights in the realm of changing societal dynamics. They are essential in fostering acceptance in the neighborhood. These places serve as more than just places to eat; they also serve as hubs for fostering friendship, understanding, and an atmosphere of community. People's Choice Cafe Hyderabad is the one that gives the text imagery.

The examples provided in the text, such as the installation of gender-neutral restrooms and the presence of LGBTQ+ restaurants, clearly demonstrate that there is a growing acceptance of the LGBTQ+ community in society. These actions reflect a positive shift towards greater inclusivity and support. While it's true that discrimination and challenges still exist, these initiatives indicate that society as a whole is becoming more accepting and supportive of LGBTQ+ individuals. This is a sign of progress and a testament to the changing attitudes and values within our communities.

The examples provided in the text, such as the installation of gender-neutral restrooms and the presence of LGBTQ+ restaurants, clearly demonstrate that there is a growing acceptance of the LGBTQ+ community in society. These actions reflect a positive shift towards greater inclusivity and support. While it's true that discrimination and challenges still exist, these initiatives indicate that society as a whole is becoming more accepting and supportive of LGBTQ+ individuals. This is a sign of progress and a testament to the changing attitudes and values within our communities.

Historically, the LGBTQ+ community has faced inequalities in healthcare access compared to the wider society. These disparities are rooted in factors like discrimination, stigma, healthcare providers lacking cultural competence, and legal constraints.

Some specific discrepancies encompass:
  • Hurdles to Access: LGBTQ+ individuals might encounter obstacles when seeking medical care, often stemming from fears of discrimination or judgment, leading to reluctance in revealing their sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • Stigma and Bias: Discrimination and prejudice from healthcare providers can result in subpar care or deter individuals from seeking medical attention, particularly affecting transgender and non-binary individuals.
  • Mental Health Disparities: Societal stigma places LGBTQ+ individuals at greater risk for mental health issues, creating a heightened need for mental healthcare. Nevertheless, access to these services may be limited.
  • Lack of Inclusive Care: Not all healthcare providers possess adequate training in LGBTQ+ health matters or exhibit sensitivity to their distinctive healthcare requirements.
  • Legal Obstacles: Legal discriminatory measures, such as restrictions on gender-affirming care for transgender individuals, can impede access to essential healthcare services.
  • Health Inequities: LGBTQ+ individuals may confront higher risks for particular health conditions, such as HIV, which necessitates specialized care. Access to this care can be problematic in some regions.
Efforts are being exerted to rectify these disparities, encompassing advocacy for LGBTQ+-inclusive healthcare policies and educational initiatives for healthcare providers. Nevertheless, challenges endure, and ongoing endeavors are necessary to ensure equitable healthcare access for all members of the LGBTQ+ community.

Yes, the LGBTQ+ community's mental health is significantly impacted by societal attitudes. Mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, and chronic stress can be brought on by discrimination, stigma, and a lack of acceptance. Feelings of loneliness and low self-worth can be brought on by rejection or discrimination from friends, family, coworkers, or society at large, which can exacerbate mental health problems.

On the other hand, the mental health of the LGBTQ+ community can greatly improve when they encounter approval, support, and a society that is more welcoming. A sense of community and lessened psychological discomfort can be brought about by positive attitudes and networks of social support. Consequently, the mental health of the LGBTQ+ community is greatly influenced by societal attitudes, underscoring the significance of promoting inclusivity and understanding in order to improve mental health outcomes.

The mental health of the LGBTQ+ community is deeply influenced by the prevailing attitudes in society, and this influence is complex.
  • Stigma and Discrimination: Negative societal attitudes and discriminatory actions can lead to feelings of shame, isolation, and emotional distress. This, in turn, can contribute to mental health challenges like anxiety and depression.
  • Rejection and Isolation: Experiencing rejection from family, friends, or society due to one's sexual orientation or gender identity can be mentally and emotionally taxing. It can intensify feelings of isolation and exacerbate mental health issues.
  • Internalized Stigma: When LGBTQ+ individuals internalize the negative attitudes of society, it can lead to struggles with self-acceptance and self-esteem, further impacting their mental well-being.
  • Access to Support: Conversely, in a society that is accepting and supportive, individuals are more likely to seek mental health services when needed and feel safe doing so. Social acceptance acts as a safety net for LGBTQ+ individuals facing mental health challenges.
  • Mental Health Disparities: Due to the stress associated with societal attitudes and experiences of discrimination, LGBTQ+ individuals may face a higher risk of mental health issues.
  • Advocacy and Education: Efforts to change societal attitudes and promote understanding can have a positive impact on mental health outcomes. These efforts include raising awareness, educating the public, and implementing legal protections against discrimination.
In summary, societal attitudes have a significant impact on the mental health of the LGBTQ+ community, with effects that can be either harmful or beneficial. Creating a more accepting, inclusive, and understanding society is essential for enhancing the mental well-being of LGBTQ+ individuals.

The extent to which workplace policies protect the LGBTQ+ community can vary significantly. These policies are influenced by a range of factors, and their effectiveness depends on specific circumstances.

Here are some key considerations:
  • Legal Safeguards: Some regions have enacted laws that explicitly prohibit workplace discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, offering substantial protection to LGBTQ+ employees.
  • Diversity and Inclusion Guidelines: Many companies have adopted policies aimed at fostering diversity and inclusion, with a specific focus on LGBTQ+ inclusivity. Such policies can help create a more welcoming and accepting work environment.
  • Employee Benefits and Support: Progressive employers may offer benefits like healthcare coverage for gender-affirming procedures and access to mental health resources, which can have a positive impact on LGBTQ+ individuals.
  • Training and Awareness Programs: Workplace training on LGBTQ+ issues and efforts to sensitize employees can contribute to better understanding and acceptance.
  • Employee Resource Groups (ERGs): Within many workplaces, LGBTQ+ affinity groups provide a sense of community and support.
However, challenges persist, and not all workplaces have comprehensive policies in place:
  • Legal Vulnerabilities: In certain regions, LGBTQ+ employees may lack legal protections against discrimination, leaving them exposed to potential harm.
  • Inconsistent Policy Enforcement: Even when policies exist, the enforcement and accountability mechanisms can vary, affecting the actual protection provided.
  • Hostile Work Environments: Some LGBTQ+ employees may continue to face discrimination, harassment, or hostility within their workplace, despite the existence of policies.
  • Cultural Factors: Workplace policy effectiveness can also be influenced by the prevailing cultural attitudes within a particular organization or region.

In summary, the extent to which workplace policies safeguard the LGBTQ+ community varies widely. While legal protections, diversity and inclusion policies, and supportive benefits are positive steps, challenges like inconsistent enforcement and cultural attitudes may impact their effectiveness. Ongoing efforts are required to establish truly inclusive and protective work environments for LGBTQ+ individuals.

Significance Of The Study:
A study on the experiences of the LGBTQ+ community in healthcare and society holds immense significance for several compelling reasons:
  1. Tackling Health Disparities:
    This research can illuminate the health inequalities that LGBTQ+ individuals face, which are often intertwined with societal attitudes and policies. Recognizing these disparities is the initial step toward addressing them and enhancing the community's health outcomes.
  2. Influencing Policy and Legal Reforms:
    Findings from the study can serve as crucial evidence to support alterations in policies and legal safeguards for LGBTQ+ individuals, particularly in regions with inadequate or absent legal protections.
  3. Fostering Inclusivity:
    The study can raise awareness about the profound impact of societal attitudes on the mental and physical health of LGBTQ+ individuals. This, in turn, can prompt societal and institutional shifts toward greater inclusivity and acceptance.
  4. Mental Health and Well-being:
    By emphasizing the link between societal attitudes and LGBTQ+ individuals' mental health, the study can contribute to initiatives for improved mental health support, stigma reduction, and the creation of more welcoming environments.
  5. Advocacy and Activism:
    Research findings can be a potent tool for advocacy and activism, bolstering the efforts of organizations and individuals dedicated to LGBTQ+ rights and well-being.
  6. Empowering LGBTQ+ Individuals:
    The study can empower LGBTQ+ individuals by validating their experiences and providing data to support their needs and rights, thus fostering greater self-advocacy and community support.
  7. Education and Training:
    The insights from the study can guide educational programs and training for healthcare providers, educators, and the broader public, fostering a more informed and inclusive society.
  8. Community Building:
    An understanding of the challenges faced by LGBTQ+ individuals can strengthen the sense of community and solidarity within the LGBTQ+ community, ultimately leading to increased support and resilience.
  9. Reducing Healthcare Disparities:
    The research findings can inform efforts to enhance healthcare access and quality for LGBTQ+ individuals, thus diminishing disparities in health outcomes.
  10. Advancing Social Progress:
    Ultimately, this research contributes to the overarching goal of social progress by advocating for greater acceptance, comprehension, and equitable treatment of all individuals, irrespective of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
In summary, a study on the experiences of the LGBTQ+ community in healthcare and society holds immense importance as it has the potential to bring about positive changes, encourage inclusivity, and enhance the overall well-being of LGBTQ+ individuals, while advancing societal attitudes toward greater acceptance and understanding.

  • Queeristan: LGBTQ Inclusion in the Indian Workplace by Parmesh Shahani
    • This book delves into the experiences of LGBTQ+ individuals in the Indian corporate world and the progress made toward inclusivity.
  • Coming Out as Dalit: A Memoir by Yashica Dutt
    • Yashica Dutt's memoir discusses her experiences as a Dalit and a queer woman in India, offering insights into the intersections of identity.
  • Queer Kahaani: The LGBTQ+ Stories edited by Sudhanshu Saria and Natasha Badhwar
    • This anthology features a collection of LGBTQ+ stories and experiences from India, showcasing a diverse range of voices.
  • The Other Man: 21 Writers Speak Candidly About Sex, Love, Infidelity, & Moving On edited by Siddharth Dhanvant Shanghvi
    • This book includes essays by LGBTQ+ writers and provides a platform for frank discussions about love and relationships.
  • No Outlaws in the Gender Galaxy edited by Nazariya and Zubaan
    • An anthology of writings, artwork, and personal stories by LGBTQ+ individuals from India, shedding light on the diverse experiences within the community.
  • I Have Become the Tide by Ghalib Shiraz Dhalla
    • A novel that explores themes of sexuality, identity, and coming of age, particularly within the South Asian LGBTQ+ context.
  • Gay Bombay: Globalization, Love and (Be)longing in Contemporary India by Parmesh Shahani
    • This book offers a sociological perspective on the LGBTQ+ community in Mumbai, discussing how globalization has influenced their lives and identities.
  • Let's Talk About 'It': Finding Your Sexual Self by Shivi Sareen and Niharika Mallick
    • This book focuses on sexual health and identity, aiming to provide LGBTQ+ individuals in India with information and resources.
  • The Truth About Me: A Hijra Life Story by A. Revathi
    • A memoir that tells the story of Revathi, a hijra in South India, and her journey to self-acceptance and understanding.
  • Tinderbox: The Past and Future of Pakistan by M.J. Akbar
    • This book explores the history of LGBTQ+ rights in South Asia, offering insights into the challenges and progress made in the region.
These books offer a range of perspectives and experiences within the LGBTQ+ community in India, providing valuable insights into the challenges, triumphs, and diverse stories of LGBTQ+ individuals in the country.

In conclusion, the experiences of the LGBTQ+ community in India are multifaceted, shaped by a combination of cultural, social, and legal factors. While progress has been made in recent years to recognize and protect the rights of LGBTQ+ individuals, challenges still exist, and there is work to be done. Understanding the significance of the issues faced by the community is essential for advancing inclusivity, improving healthcare access, and promoting mental well-being.

Research and advocacy play pivotal roles in effecting change. Studies that investigate the experiences of LGBTQ+ individuals in India not only raise awareness but also inform policy and legal reforms. They empower individuals to advocate for their rights, foster community support, and promote education and training to create more inclusive environments. The goal is to build a society that is accepting, informed, and equitable for all, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity.

Through literature, such as books and articles that explore LGBTQ+ issues in India, these stories and experiences are shared, helping to dispel stigmas, celebrate diversity, and contribute to the ongoing dialogue about LGBTQ+ rights and acceptance. By listening to these voices and recognizing the significance of their experiences, we can collectively work towards a more inclusive and compassionate society for all members of the LGBTQ+ community in India and beyond.

  3. Section 377- Whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal, shall be punished with 1 [imprisonment for life], or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine. Explanation.
  4. The world of homosexuals �by shakuntala Devi

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