File Copyright Online - File mutual Divorce in Delhi - Online Legal Advice - Lawyers in India

Vodafone And Idea Merger

A merger is an arrangement that combines two current businesses into a single new business. There are various merger types, and businesses merge for a variety of reasons. Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are frequently carried out to broaden a company's clientele, enter new markets, or increase market share. The goal of all of these actions is to raise shareholder value. Companies frequently adopt a no-shop provision during a merger to stop acquisitions or mergers by other businesses.

A merger is a voluntary amalgamation of two companies operating on roughly equal terms into a new legal entity. The companies agreeing to the merger are roughly similar in terms of size, customers and scope of activity. That is why the term "association of equals" is sometimes used. Acquisitions, unlike mergers, are usually not voluntary, and one company actively buys another. In most cases, mergers are made to increase market share, reduce operating costs, expand into new territories, combine common products, increase revenue, and increase profits, all of which should benefit the company's shareholders. After the merger, the shares of the new company are distributed to the existing shareholders of both original companies.

About Vodafone
The Vodafone company originated from the UK-based Vodafone Group plc. It is an international telecommunication service provider in 22 different countries as of November 20, 2020. And in India, Vodafone is headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Vodafone is the country's third largest telecommunications provider. Vodafone Early in 1992, Vodafone established its business in Bombay (now Mumbai), India. After the entry of JIO in 2016. This is where our Vodafone case study begins, Vodafone and Idea announced their merger in March 2017. From 31 August 2018, it will be called Vodafone Idea Limited.

About Aditya Birla Group
Aditya Birla is an Indian multinational company headquartered in Mumbai. It belongs to the Fortune 500 group of companies. It operates in almost 36 countries. It employs 120,000 workers. Globally, it is the number one market for aluminum rolling, viscose staple fibers and carbon black. Aditya Birla Group is a leader in various sectors in India such as fashion, lifestyle, viscose filament yarn, gray, white cement and concrete.

It is the largest producer in the chloralkali sector, as well as life insurance and investment management. Idea Cellular was the first international company of the Birla group. It was founded in 1995. Idea Cellular was the third largest telecom company in India with a market share of 15.9 percent.

Reasons for Vodaphone Idea Merger
The main reason behind the Vodafone-Idea merger is the growing dominance of Handel's Reliance Jio in the telecom industry. As Jio has announced that it is offering free services for the first 6 months. As a result, it began to occupy a greater part of the market. Second, Jio's free services triggered a price war between telcos (in an oligopolistic market structure). As a result, in the event of a price war, the merger brings confidence to the companies with the benefits of synergy.

Ultimately, the combined entity of Vodafone and Idea was expected to have a strong position in the industry. For example, it became the largest telephone provider in some districts and second largest after Bharti Airtel in some districts. Hence the subsidiary can focus as a service provider across India. So these were the reasons for merging Vodafone and Idea in Vodafone case study.

According to the statement of the companies, the synergy will be very cost-effective, with an estimated annual savings of Rs 14,000 crore. The savings will be achieved through both capital expenditure and operating costs. EBITDA margins of both companies were around 30%. This is significantly lower than the margins of Bharti airtel, and Reliance jio infocomm Ltd.

Market share
Both Vodafone India and Idea had very low market share individually, which made it difficult for them to compete effectively in the industry.

The merged company will have 400 million subscribers, 35% customer market share, and 40% revenue market share.

Spectrum share
On the one hand, Vodafone has an individual spectrum holding of 411 MHz and Idea has a spectrum holding of 316 MHz On the other hand, Reliance Jio has an individual spectrum hold of 860 MHz and

It was anticipated that the merger of the two companies would give the merged company a dominant position of 728 MHz which would increase the merged company's chances of not ranking anywhere or on the number 2 spot in India.

Idea Contribution
Promoters Aditya Birla Group invested Rs 3,250 crore in Idea Cellular, which independently raised Rs 3,000 crore ahead of a planned junction with Vodafone India. Following the equity infusion by Idea's promoters, their stake in India's third- largest telecom driver rose to 47.2 from 42.4 now.

Idea contributed its means which included standalone halls with 15,400 vacancies and a stake in Indus halls Ltd of11.5. The entry of Reliance Jio Infocomm Ltd in September 2016, with free services for nearly seven months and cheap tariffs, had eroded perimeters and impacted the profit of rivals.

The donation of Vodafone will be Vodafone India along with standalone halls with 15,400 vacancies without including an11.5 stake in Indus Towers. According to the agreement between Idea and Vodafone. Vodafone will contribute further quantum of net debt, about Rs 2,480 crore than Idea at the completion of the junction. Post-termination of both companies, the combined reality will be a common adventure between Vodafone and Idea in the Vodafone case study. Which will regard for the under the equity system, controlled by both Aditya Birla Group and Vodafone.

Idea promoters hold the rights to acquire a 9.5% additional stake from Vodafone under the agreed deal to equalize shareholdings over time as per the following proposition

Vodafone: 45.1% � 9.5% = 35.6%

Idea: 26% + 9.5% = 35.6%

The advertisement of the junction creates a negative image in the public, when the Vodafone and Idea junction was blazoned the Idea prices started to drop. And the share price of Idea declines fromRs.97.70 on 20th March 2017 toRs.81.81 on 6th Sep 2017. But the junction was important it gave support to the two companies, which were floundering to survive in the assiduity. Combined coffers will help to contend with only the two biggest brands (Jio and Airtel).

Idea Positioning Before Merger
Innovated in 1995, the company was incorporated as Birla Dispatches Limited and had a license of GSM- grounded services in Gujarat and Maharashtra Circle. In the following times, the association started to expand its business with Tata Group, Birla and AT&T group of the US in common adventure form. In August 2015, Idea blazoned the rollout of its 4G services. It was now contending with Airtel and Vodafone � in anon-monopolistic request. The company relaunched its "What an Idea" crusade taking 4G to the pastoral areas and empowering people through the operation of 4G services.

But in the time 2016 unforeseen advertisement from Mukesh Ambani about Reliance Jio disintegrated the Indian telecom sector. Below pie map shows the request share of different telecom players before the entry of Jio. As the Indian request is veritably sensitive towards price and Jio used it to make utmost of the gains. So, Jio started to make its all services free for the first six months. latterly, they made the services of voice calls, data extremely cheap. As a result, JIO captured a significant share of the telecom assiduity. Then's the pie map of thepost-Jio request share of colorful telecom players.

Impacts of Merger on Telecom Industry
Impact Of Merger On Telecom Industry There are also several other counteraccusations that this junction of Vodafone case study will bring forth on the telecom assiduity.
  1. Originally, there can be enterprise grounded on the renewal of price discipline for the disruptive entry by Jio has caused some serious misbalance.
  2. Secondly, the poor fiscal health of the telecom sector can be observed. And through similar combinations, there will be an infusion of health and life. Since India is the swift-growing request in terms of subscriber base.
  3. Through the junction, Vodafone and Idea will overcome their debts and a large sum of credit will be invested into the system.
  4. The deal has also saved both the telecom companies from dealing off their business. As was being planned by them originally and this would directly impact the quality of services being handed by different players in the assiduity. The junction in the Vodafone case study will surely boost the pace of the telecom sector. It has also been set up that the savings, solidarity and also the diapason will have a substantial impact on the raising growth. There will be a saving of over 60 per cent of the cost of the operation and this will prop in perfecting the quality and performance of the service through investments from the saved plutocrat.


The Vodafone and Idea Telecom junction was a strategic move to offset the entry of Reliance Jio into the Indian telecommunications request and increase competitiveness. still, the company is now heavily in debt due to a combination of legal pretenses and declining profit.

Law Article in India

Ask A Lawyers

You May Like

Legal Question & Answers

Lawyers in India - Search By City

Copyright Filing
Online Copyright Registration


How To File For Mutual Divorce In Delhi


How To File For Mutual Divorce In Delhi Mutual Consent Divorce is the Simplest Way to Obtain a D...

Increased Age For Girls Marriage


It is hoped that the Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021, which intends to inc...

Facade of Social Media


One may very easily get absorbed in the lives of others as one scrolls through a Facebook news ...

Section 482 CrPc - Quashing Of FIR: Guid...


The Inherent power under Section 482 in The Code Of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (37th Chapter of t...

The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India: A...


The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is a concept that proposes the unification of personal laws across...

Role Of Artificial Intelligence In Legal...


Artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing various sectors of the economy, and the legal i...

Lawyers Registration
Lawyers Membership - Get Clients Online

File caveat In Supreme Court Instantly