The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority
responsible for administrating Election processes in India.
Objective- Constitutional Autonomous body conducts the elections to the office
of the president & vice president of India , parliament, state legislative
assemblies and legislative councils.
India’s 1st Chief Election commissioner was SUKUMAR SEN.
India’s 1st General Election was held in 1951-1952 in which 17.3 register voters
were part of it.
Jurisdiction – Government of India
Headquarters – New Delhi
First executive – Sukumar sen
Preceding executive – Om Prakash Rawat
From India’s first General Election to 2019’s 17th general election there were
several changes like-
Article 326 known as Universal adult franchise & this article is our RIGHT TO
VOTE. This right is our constitutional right and not the fundamental right.
Till 1988 Article 326 said that voting age for every individual is 21 years. But
in 1988, 61th amendment came into force and it declared that from now the voting
age of the individuals in India will be 18 years.
Our present and 23rd Chief Election Commissioner is Mr. SUNIL ARORA and in
2019’s 17th general election India’s most register voters were there and the
number of voters were 90 Crore.
Organs of government- legislative executive judiciary
Parliament State Legislature
Rajya Sabha Lok Sabha
Maximum -250 maximum-552
Current- 245 current 54
Rajya sabha- 233 members are from state
12 are nominated by president
Lok Sabha- 530 from state
20 from union territory
2 from anglo Indians appointed by president
In Lok Sabha any party which gets more than 50% seats formulate the government
means they should get more than 272 seats or 272 seats.
Indian constitution- Part XV – Article 324-329 (ELECTION) Article 324
explains – In our country there will be an independent election commission who
will conduct free and fare elections.
Parliament ( Lok Sabha & Rajya sabha)
State assembly ( Vidhan sabha)
All fours elections will be conducted by election commission.
In 73rd and 74th amendment Panchayat Muncipality was introduced. All
local authorities election will not be conducted by Election commission, there
election will be conducted by state election commission.
Composition of Election Commission
- Chief election commissioner, 2 election commissioner appointed by
- All 3 have equal powers.
- Disputes solved through majority.
- Salary, basic allowances etc are similar to that of a supreme court.
- Term of office is 6years or 65 years of age whichever is earlier.
- 1950 – 1989 (single body member)
- 16.oct.1989 ( multi body member)
- 1990 ( single body member)
- 1993-present ( multi body member)
- Chief Election commissioner- SUNIL ARORA
- Election Commissioner – ASHOK LAVASA
Responsible person for –
District – District election officer
State -Chief election officer
Parliament – returning officer
- At the time of 1982, in India first time through EVM ( Electronic voting
machine) votes were given. Then also till 1998 mainly through ballet paper votes
were given. But from 2004 only EVM is used for voting.
- At the time of voting a ink is used to mark on the figure of every
registered voter that ink is known as INDELIBLE INK.
It is right of every individual to give vote and choose their own
representative. Election commission controls the functions of the elections in
India and changes all the basic things which are necessary for the betterment of
- The constitution
- Finology legal