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Constitutional Equality And Educational Rights

Our Indian constitution reflects people's wants & needs, principles, and values. The foundation of the constitution is secularism. The new liberal India has a liberal constitution that equally views every citizen and grants them equal rights. Therefore, educational literacy is crucial for underprivileged & backward class people to be aware of the constitution and their lawful rights & duties. Though educational rights are commonly provided to one and all still discrimination and inequality can be witnessed in society specifically in the lower class.

Constitutional Importance:
Father of the constitution Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar once in an assembly said:
"However good a constitution may be, it is sure to turn out bad because those who are called to work it, happen to be a bad lot. However bad a constitution may be, it may turn out to be good if those who are called to work it, happen to be a good lot."

To make it count everyone has to have faith, courtesy, and devotion towards it. People should sincerely abide by the law & order. If they will solely perform their lawful responsibilities and duties towards the community then the constitutional aim can be fulfilled. In current times, the media has this crucial responsibility to inform people about their rights and aware them of their legal responsibilities.

Need:
To become knowledgeable and live a well-respected life, it's important to take the support of education as it saves from various events that a person may encounter such as exploitation, slavery, deceit, injustice, etc. In earlier times the basic needs were food, shelter, and clothes but now education and health should also be counted equally important in them. We as humans always crave to get our needs fulfilled.

People with hectic lives don't have much time to look after themselves. The government should fulfill the fundamental needs of the people and have concerns like they have during elections. They should run various activities and campaigns through different events to introduce different laws, schemes, etc. for the public welfare and awareness regarding their rights.

It is the responsibility of the government to safeguard civilian lives and their dignity so that the number of illiterate population can be reduced and crimes that take place due to a lack of awareness and knowledge of the law can be taken care of. To do so, actively responsible government officials from the respective departments should be called, and through projects, and plans the work should be executed. Also, schemes should be delegated well among the departments. This is the need of the hour.

Constitution & Education:
Our constitution is famous worldwide for its continuous evolution, it is lawful, liberal, fraternal, secular, scientifically rational, and based on humanitarian grounds. Sadly, despite all this in our nation casteism, racism, sexism, asymmetry, and religious discrimination are observed on a large scale and are blindly & openly being followed by society. Amid this only vulnerable, exploited, illiterate, underprivileged, deprived, neglected, poor class people follow norms sincerely and work towards fulfilling their lawful obligations.

For instance, people from Naxalite tribal localities vote during the election period considering it as their legal obligation more than just their constitutional right despite the uncertainty of lethal attacks and warnings. In such a danger, even an election officer is frightened to work but they still choose to do it. The time for election is between 7 am to 3 pm despite this the voter's percentage bar in such a region reaches up to or above 70 %.

Regardless of life risks, every civilian completes their duty and abides by the law & order. The lives of tribal people aren't safe and they are always prone to attacks. They are still not respected and valued as they deserve nor do they get any legal aid properly or on time by the government. Keep this aside they are not even viewed as normal humans and treated accordingly in the first place. They face injustice often.

On one side there's a system & on the other side there are Naxalites and somewhere in between there's this community still stuck and deprived of growth, their lawful rights that have been granted by the constitution from the day they were born are unknown to them. Each year numeral schemes are passed for the sake of such communities but are executed only on papers in most cases and not in reality.

They don't fight for their rights if anyone faces injustice in that scenario justice is barely served to them. All they do is wait for years and hope that they might be heard. Without proper knowledge of rights, they can't fight for themselves or raise their voice against injustice. To be aware of their rights and responsibilities, they don't have proper knowledge or understanding of it nor the means to do so.

Civilians should be given chance to avail their constitutional rights along with education, they should be provided security against their life as per the constitution as those rights are granted to them. They deserve to live a peaceful respectful life. Through growth and development, they can be uplifted and the standard of living of such people can be improved as the doors to careers will get open. To ensure this the constitutional authorities and civilians are equally responsible.

''Political democracy can only survive if the foundation of social democracy is laid'', says Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

"The earth doesn't float on the head of 'Sheshnaag'. but on the palms of the Dalits and the toilers'', says Anna Bhau Sathe.

Therefore, underprivileged people need to be aware of their rights. To create awareness of laws spreading knowledge and proper comprehension of law are two important aspects. To know more about the constitution every year 'constitutional week' should be celebrated with different mottos. Necessary events on various levels should be organized, by doing so it can act as a good medium that can help to make people aware of the constitution and the educational rights and will make them knowledgeable in this regard.

Educational Rights:
Educational rights are now fundamental rights. Through The constitution (86th Amendment) Act, 2002 since 12th December 2002. It has inserted a new Article 21A named 'Right To Education' to ensure free and compulsory education of children. Another Article 45 has been added which states the provisions for early childhood care and education. Article 51A clause (k) is also added under the same act.

'Education is transformation'. It is responsible for a person's development. Mahatma Phule and Savitri bai Phule's educational contributions are a great source of inspiration and motivation for all of us. Savitribai had opened doors for women's education. Women's educational development started after her initiative.

"Without education, wisdom was lost; without wisdom, morals were lost; without morals, development was lost; without development, wealth was lost; without wealth, the Shudras were ruined; so much has happened through lack of education," says Mahatma Phule.

"It is the education which is the right weapon to cut the social slavery and it is education which will enlighten the downtrodden masses to come up and gain social status, economic betterment, and political freedom," says Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

One of the three principles of freedom, equality, and fraternity, even any one of these is lost, it will seem to have failed the very purpose of democracy. "learn, organize and struggle", says Dr. B.R.Ambedkar.

Rashtrasanth Gadhge Maharaj used to sing and tell interpretations of education in simple forms which are highly known as 'Kirtans'. He says, "Without education human is just a stone."
Therefore, everyone should get a chance to get their education as it is their lawful right. Education liberates people from slavery and exploitation, it also helps them to differentiate between right and wrong, it teaches about injustice, and unlawful activities, and gives a purpose to their life. Education also improves their intelligence and identifies and brushes up on their skills. It helps them to create their own identity and get recognition in the society.

Education is a beautiful combination of knowledge and thoughts. Mere knowledge is of no use but everything useful is indeed knowledge. Education results in improving a person by their overall development and it build character. The seriousness of awareness lacks thus almost 3.5 cr students aren't taking education. To create benefits and develop a capable nation, no one should be uneducated and make sure government society. only then fundamentalism of education will be successful.

Reference:
  1. E.Z. Khobragade - Aple Sanvidhan - Educational rights pg. 64 & 69 Educational rights pg. 84,85,86 & 87.
  2. Minakshi Moon - Phule Ambedkari Stri Chadvad - pg. 99.
  3. E. Bhadke - Vision 2056 - 22 Mar 2014.


Award Winning Article Is Written By: Principal Dr.Nilima K. Singh (D.lit)

Awarded certificate of Excellence
Authentication No: JU217783432969-26-0622

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